Material Properties

Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more

Density

Density of different solid materials, liquids and gases. Definitions and convertion calculators.

Boiling point

Documents giving boiling point of elements and different kind of chemical species at varying conditions

Melting point - freezing point

Documents giving melting or freezing point of elements and different kind of chemical species at varying conditions

Viscosity

Documents giving viscosity of different kind of chemical species at varying conditions

Absolute, Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity

Dynamic, absolute and kinematic viscosities - convert between CentiStokes (cSt), centipoises (cP), Saybolt Universal Seconds (SSU) and degree Engler

Acetylene

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Acetylene

Acid and base pH indicators

Colors and pH range for color change of acid base indicators is given together with pKa and structures of the indicators

Acid-base properties of aqueous solutions of salts with ions from both acids and bases

Many salts contains ions that affect the pH in an aqueous solution in both acidic and basic direction

Acids - pH Values

pH of common acids like sulfuric, acetic and more

Air - Absolute and Kinematic Viscosity

Absolute (dynamic) and kinematic viscosity of air at temperatures ranging -40 - 1000oC (-40 - 1500oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial Units

Air - Altitude, Density and Specific Volume

Density and the specific volume of air vary with elevation above sea level

Air - Density and Specific Weight

Density and specific weight of air at temperatures ranging -40 - 1000oC (-40 - 1500oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Air - Molecular Weight

Dry air is a mixture of gases where the average molecular weight (or molar mass) can be calculated by adding the weight of each component

Air - Temperature, Pressure and Density

Air density for pressure range 0 - 1000 psi and temperature range 30 - 600 deg F

Air Composition

Dry air is a mechanical mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and more

Air Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity, expansion coefficient, kinematic viscosity and Prandtl's number - air temperature ranging -150 oC to 400 oC

Air Properties - Imperial Units

Thermodynamic properties of air at low pressures - imperial units

Air Properties - SI Units

Ideal gas properties of air at low pressures - in SI units

Air Solubility in Water

Amount of air that can be dissolved in water - decreases with temperature and increases with pressure

AISI/SAE Steel - Numbering System

AISI/SAE steel numbers

Alloy Steels

An alloy steel has properties due to elements other than carbon

Alloys of Metals - Melting Points

Alloys of metals and their melting points

Aluminum - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Al - Aluminum - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Aluminum Alloys - Mechanical Properties

Mechanical properties of some common aluminum alloys

Aluminum Alloys - Mechanical Properties

Mechanical properties of aluminum alloys - tensile strength, yield strength and more

Ammonia

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Ammonia

Ammonia Liquid - Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and more

Antifreeze and Required Amount

Protected cooling system temperature and required amount of antifreeze

Antifreeze Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol

Comparing ethylene glycol and propylene glycol properties as antifreeze

API Gravity

API gravity express the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. Conversion calculator API - specific gravity

Argon

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Argon

Arsenic - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

As - Arsenic - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Autoignition temperature and flash point of different hydrocarbons

Autoignition temperature and flash point ( °C and °F) of different types of hydrocarbons with varying carbon number up to C12

Average boiling point

Definition, explanation and examples of calculation of various types of average boiling point of petroleum products and other mixtures of hydrocarbons: VABP, MABP, WABP, CABP and MeABP

Average boiling point from gravity and molecular weight

Formulas and examples of calculation of boiling point of hydrocarbon mixtures from gravity and molecular weight

Bases - pH Values

Some common bases as sodium hydroxide, ammonia and more

Benzene Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Benzene Gas - C6H6 - at temperatures ranging 250 - 900 K

Benzene Liquid - Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity ...

BHN - Brinell Hardness Number

The Brinell hardness test of metals and alloys

Boiling Point of Water and Altitude

Elevation and boiling point of water

Boiling Points for common Liquids and Gases

Boiling points of some common liquids and gases - acetone, butane, propane ..

Boiling points of hydrocarbons, alcohols and acids

Boiling temperature (°C and °F) with varying carbon number up to C33

Brick Densities

Densities of common types of bricks

Brix Scale

Brix vs. Specific Gravity and Plato - content of sucrose - used in the sugar, fruit juice and wine making industry

Bulk Modulus and Fluid Elasticity

Introduction to - and definition of - Bulk Modulus Elasticity commonly used to characterize compressibility of fluids

Butane

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of n-Butane

Calcium Chloride and Water

Freezing point, density, specific heat and dynamic viscosity of Calcium Chloride Water coolant

Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Classifications

Steel is considered to be carbon steel when no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, columbium (niobium), molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium or zirconium

Carbon Dioxide Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Carbon Dioxide gas - CO2 - temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Carbon Dioxide Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Carbon Dioxide - CO2 - density, specific heat, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Carbon Dioxide Properties - Imperial Units

Properties of saturated liquid Carbon Dioxide - CO2 - density, specific heat, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Carbon Monoxide

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Carbon Monoxide - CO

Carbon Monoxide - Specific Heat

Carbon Monoxide Gas - CO - specific heat of at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Ceramic Materials Properties

Physical properties of ceramics

Chemical Resistance of Rubbers and Elastomers

Rsistance to chemicals - solvents and softeners - swelling properties

Coefficients of Linear Thermal Expansion

Linear temperature expansion coefficients for aluminum, copper, glass, iron and other common materials

Combustion of Wood - Heat Values

Firewood and combustion of wood heat values - for species like Pine, Elm, Hickory and more

Composition of Steels

Typical composition of steels

Compressed Water Properties

Specific volume, enthalpy and entropy of compressed water

Compression and Tension Strength of some common Materials

Common materials and average ultimate compression and tension strength

Concrete - Properties

Properties of normal strength Portland cement concrete

Concrete Mixtures

Cement, sand and gravel mixtures

Copper Alloys and Typical Applications

Typical use of copper alloys in architecture, automotive, electrical, building wire, energy, tube, pipe fittings, fuel gas, industrial and marine applications

Copper Binary Eutectic Alloys - Melting Points

Cu - Copper - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Copper, Zinc and Tin Alloys

Strength of Copper, Zinc and Tin alloys

CPVC - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of CPVC - Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) - pipes

Crude oil metal (Ni, V) content as function of gravity

Content of nickel and vanadium in more than 120 crudes is shown as function of specific gravity@15°C/60°F

Crude oil viscosity as function of gravity

Viscosity at 20°C/68°F and 50°C/122°F for more than 120 crudes is shown as function of specific gravity@15°C/60°F

Cryogenic Fluids - or Liquefied Gas Properties

Cryogenic properties as density, boiling points and heat of evaporation for fluids like hydrogen, methane, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine and helium

Densities of Common Materials

Densities of common products in both Imperial and SI-units

Densities of Solids

Densities of common solids

Densities of Wood Species

Densities of wood species like apple, ash, cedar, elm and more

Density Converter

Online density converter with commonly used units

Density of aqueous solutions of inorganic chlorides

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of inorganic chlorides in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of inorganic potassium salts

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of potassium salts in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of inorganic sodium salts

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of inorganic sodium salts in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of organic acids

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of acetic acid, citric acid, formic acid, D-lactic acid, oxalic acid and trichloroacetic acid in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of organic substances as sugars and alcohols

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of some sugars, alcohols and other organic substances in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of some inorganic substances

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of inorganic substances in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of crude oil as function of temperature

Variations in crude oil density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors.

Density of fuel oils as function of temperature

Variations in fuel oils density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors

Density of hydrocarbons and linear alcohols and acids

Density of different types of hydrocarbons, alcohols and acids as function of carbon number, at 20°C / 68°F

Density of jet fuel as function of temperature

Variations in jet fuel density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors.

Density of lubricating oil as function of temperature

Variations in lubricating oil density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors.

Density of organic sulfur compounds

Liquid density of different kinds of organic sulfur compounds with varying carbon number (20°C/68°F). Comparison of thiols, sulfides, disulfides and thiophenes.

Density, Specific Weight and Specific Gravity

An introduction to density, specific gravity and specific weight - formulas with examples

Dichlorodifluoromethane Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Dichlorodifluoromethane R-12 - CCl2F2 - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Dichlorodifluoromethane Properties - Imperial Units

Properties of saturated liquid Dichlorodifluoromethane - CCl2F2 - density, specific heat, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Dielectric Constants of common Liquids

Common fluids and dielectric constants or permittivities

Dimethyl Propylmethane Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Dimethyl Propylmethane Gas - C6H18 - at temperatures ranging 250 - 800 K

Dirt and Mud - Densities

Densities - pound per cubic foot and kilograms per cubic meter - for dirt and mud

Ditch Filling Materials - Densities

Weight or density of ditch filling materials

Dry Air Properties

Dry air properties at temperatures ranging 175 - 1900 K - specific heat, ratio of specific heats, dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity, Prandtl number, density and kinematic viscosity

Drying Temperature and Time for common Products

Drying temperature and time for common products - like food, coffee, fruits, lumber and more

Dust Explosions - Critical Temperatures and Concentrations

Critical temperatures and concentration parameters for substances like coal, zinc, uranium and more

Dynamic Viscosity of common Liquids

Absolute - dynamic - viscosity for some common fluids

Elastomers

Natural and syntetic rubbers

Elements - Melting Points

Melting points of the elements

Elements of the Periodic System

The elements of the periodic system with names, symbols, atomic numbers and weights, melting and boiling points, density, electronegativity and electron affinity, and electron configuration

Emissivity Coefficients for some common Materials

Radiation emissivities of some common materials like water, ice, snow, grass and more

Emissivity Coefficients of some common Materials

The radiation heat transfer emissivity coefficient of some common materials as aluminum, brass, glass and many more

Engineering Materials

Typical properties of engineering materials like steel, plastics, ceramics and composites

Epoxy - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of Epoxy to common products as Acetic acid, Alcohol, Diesel oil and more

Ethane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Ethane - C2H6

Ethane Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Ethane Gas - C2H6 - for temperatures ranging 250 - 900 K

Ethane Liquid - Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat and more of liquid ethane

Ethanol Freeze Protected Water Solutions

Freezing and flash points of ethanol based water solutions or brines

Ethylene Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Ethylene Gas - C2H4 - temperatures ranging 175 - 900 K

Ethylene Glycol Heat-Transfer Fluid

Freezing point, viscosity, specific gravity and specific heat of ethylene glycol based heat-transfer fluids, or brines

Fibre-reinforced Polymer Composites

Mechanical properties of fibers used to reinforce polymer composites

Flash Point

A flash point indicates how easy a chemical may ignite and burn

Float Glass - Weight

Weight of float glass

Fluids - Latent Heat of Evaporation

Latent heat of vaporization of fluids - alcohol, ether, nitrogen, water and more

Fluids - Specific Gravities

Specific gravities for some common fluids like acetone, alcohol, turpentine, oil and more ..

Food and Foodstuff - pH Values

pH in common food products - like apples, butter, wines and more ..

Food Products - Bulk Densities

Bulk densities of some common food products

Food Products - Viscosities

Absolute or dynamic viscosity for some common food products

Fossil and Alternative Fuels - Energy Content

Listing of net(low) and gross(high) energy content in fossil and alternative fuels, together with a description of energy content measurement

Freezing and Melting Points for common Liquids

Common fluids and their freezing and melting points

Fuels - Density and Specific Volume

Densities and specific volumes of some common fuels - anthracite, butane, gasoil, diesel, coke, oil, wood and more

Fuels Properties Database

Online petroleum-based fuels properties database

Fusion and Evaporation Heat for some common Materials

Melting points, heat of fusions, boiling points and heat to evaporate common substances - like hydrogen, water, gold and more ..

Gas Data

Online database with gas properties

Gases - Density

Densities and molecular weights of some common gases - acetylene, air, methane, nitrogen, oxygen and others ..

Gases - Dynamic Viscosity

Absolute viscosities of gases

Gases - Molar Specific Heat

Molar specific heats of gases at constant volume

Gases - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity of air, ammonia, butadiene, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and some other common gases

Glycerine - Boiling and Freezing Points

Boiling and freezing points of glycerine aqueous solutions

Gold - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Au - Gold - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Heat Capacity

The heat capacity of a substance is the amount of heat required to change its temperature by one degree, and has units of energy per degree

Heat of combustion

Tabulated values of heat of combustion (= energy content) of common substances, together with examples showing how to calculate the heat of combustion

Helium

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Helium - He

Human Body and Specific Heat

Specific heat of the human body - compared to substances like protein and wood

Hydrocarbones - Vapor Pressure

Vapor pressure versus temperature for propane, n-butane, n-heptane and n-pentane

Hydrogen

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Hydrogen - H2

Hydrogen - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Hydrogen Gas - H2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Ice - Thermal Properties

Thermal and thermodynamic properties of ice - density, thermal conductivity and specific heat at temperatures from 0 to -100 oC

Ice - Thickness and Safe Load

Safe loads for clear and solid ice

Identification Tests for Stainless Steels

Magnetic, spark, hardness and acid identification tests of austenitic, martensitic and ferritic stainless steels

Industrial Lubricants - Viscosities equivalent ISO-VG Grade

ISO-VG viscosity grades for industrial lubricants

Iron - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Fe - Iron - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

ISO Grade Oils - Viscosities and Densities

Viscosities and densities of ISO - and equivalent SAE grade oils

Isopropanol (2-Propanol) based Freeze Protected Water Solutions

Freezing and flash points of isopropanol (2-Propanol) based water solutions or brines

Latent Heat of Melting for some common Materials

Latent heat of fusion when changing between solid or liquid state for common materials like aluminum, ammonia, glycerin, water and more

Lead - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Pb - Lead (Plumbum) - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Liquid Water - Properties at various Pressures

Liquid water properties at pressures 14.7 psia, 1000 psia and 10000 psia

Liquids - Kinematic Viscosities

Kinematic viscosities of common liquids like motor oil, diesel fuel, peanut oil and many more

Liquids - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity of common liquids and fluids like alcohol, oils, benzene, water and many more

Liquids and Densities

Densities of common liquids like acetone, beer, oil, water and more

Lumber - Weights

Weights of green, kiln dried and pressure treated lumber boards

Magnesium - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Mg - Magnesium - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Malleability, Brittlenes and Ductility

Plastic deformation properties

Melting and Boiling Point, Density and Solubility in Water for Inorganic Compounds

Physical constants for more than 280 common inorganic compounds. Density is given for the actual state at 25°C and for liquid phase at melting point temperature.

Melting and Boiling Temperatures - Evaporation and Melting Heats of common Materials

Melting and boiling point temperatures, latent heat of evaporation, and melting heat of common substances like copper, gold, lead and more - SI units

Melting point from molecular weight

Calculation of melting point of hydrocarbons from molecular weight (molar mass)

Melting points of hydrocarbons, alcohols and acids

Melting temperature (°C and °F) with varying carbon number up to C33

Melting points of oils

Common oils from animals or plants and their melting points

Mercury Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Mercury - Hg - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Metal Alloys - Specific Heats

Specific heat of metal alloys like brass, bronze and more

Metals - as Liquids

Boiling points and specific heat of liquid metals

Metals - Boiling Temperatures

Metals and their boiling temperatures

Metals - Galvanic Series in Seawater

Galvanic series of metals in seawater

Metals - Latent Heat of Fusion

Metals and their latent heat of fusion

Metals - Melting Temperatures

Melting temperatures of some common metals and alloys

Metals and Alloys - Bulk Modulus

Bulk modulus of some common metals and alloys

Metals and Alloys - Densities

Density of some common metals and alloys - aluminum, bronze, copper, iron and more ..

Metals and Corrosion Resistance

Common metals and their corrosion resistance to aggressive fluids like acids, bases and more

Metals Machinability

Machinability of metals

Methane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Methane - CH4

Methane Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Methane Gas - CH4 - at temperatures ranging 200 - 1100 K

Methanol - Freeze Protected Heat Transfer Liquid

Freezing and flash points for methanol or methyl based heat-transfer fluids or brines

Methanol - Thermophysical Properties

Thermophysical properties of methanol

Minerals - Density

Densities of minerals

Minerals and some other materials - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity of some common minerals and other materials

Modulus of Elasticity or Young's Modulus - and Tensile Modulus for common Materials

Young's Modulus - Tensile Modulus or Modulus of Elasticity - for steel, glass, wood and other common materials

Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness

Qualitative ordinal scale that characterizes the scratch resistance of various minerals

Molecular Weight - Common Substances

Definition and molecular weight (molar mass) of some common substances

Molecular weight from average boiling point and gravity

Formula and examples of calculation of average molecular weight of hydrocarbon mixtures from gravity and average boiling point, achieved from distillation data.

Molybdenum - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Mo - Molybdenum - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Nickel - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Ni - Nickel - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Nitrogen

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Nitrogen - N2

Nitrogen - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Nitrogen Gas - N2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Octane Liquid - Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and more

Oxygen

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Oxygen - O2

Oxygen - Solubility in Fresh Water and Sea Water

Solubility of oxygen in equilibration with air in fresh water and sea (salt) water - pressures ranging 1 - 4 bar abs

Oxygen Gas - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Oxygen Gas - O2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Particle Sizes

Sizes of airborne particles as dust, pollen bacteria, virus and many more

PE Polyethylene - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of polyethylene - PEH - pipes

Permeability

Electromagnetism and formation of magnetic fields

Physical data for alcohols and carboxylic acids

Molweight, melting and boiling point, density, pKa-values, as well as number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in each molecule are given for 150 different alcohols and acids

Physical data for hydrocarbons

Molweight, melting and boiling point, density, flash point and autoignition temperature, as well as number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in each molecule are given for 200 different hydrocarbons

Physical data for organic nitrogen compounds

Boiling and melting points of amines, diamines, pyrroles, pyridines, piperidines and quinolines shown together with their molecular structures, as well as molweights and density.

Physical data for organic sulfur compounds

Boiling and melting points of thoils, sulfides, disulfides and thiophenes shown together with molecular structures, as well as molweights and density.

pKa of amines, diamines and cyclic organic nitrogen compounds

Values for the negative logarithm of the acid dissociation constant, pKa, of the conjugated acid of amines, diamines and cyclic organic nitrogen compounds, shown together with the molecular structure of the acids.

pKa of inorganic acids and bases

Values for the negative logarithm of the acid dissociation constant, pKa, of inorganic acids and bases, as well as hydrated metal ions

pKa of phenols, alcohols and carboxylic acids

For oxygen containing organic compounds this is given: pKa (the negative logarithm of the acid dissociation constant), molecular structures, molar weights, density and melting and boiling points.

Plastic Materials Used in Valves

An introduction to plastic materials commonly used in valves

Plastics - Abbreviations

Commonly used plastic abbreviations

Plastics - Recycling Codes and Labels

Symbols used for recycling plastic products like bottles, containers and packaging

Plastics - Thermal Conductivity Coefficients

Thermal conductivity of plastics

Plato and Brix to SG - Converting Chart

Convert between Plato, Brix and SG - Specific Gravity

Polyester - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of Polyester to products like Acetic acid, Diesel oil and others

Polymers - Physical Properties

Densities, tensile strength, elongation, Youngs modulus and Brinell hardiness

Polymers - Specific Heats

Specific heat of polymers like epoxy, PET, polycarbonate and more

Polypropylene PP - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of PolyPropylene - PP - to acids, bases, organic substances and solvents

Polyurethane - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of polyurethane - PUR

Porosity

Volume not occupied by solid material

Products - Moisture Content

The content of moisture in products - wet and dry basis

Propane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Propane Gas - C3H8

Propane Butane Mixures - Evaporation Pressures

Evaporation pressures of propane butane mixtures

Properties of Air - temperatures ranging -100 to 1000 oF

Dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity, specific heat and Prandtl number of air at moderate pressure - Imperial units

Properties of Water

Properties of water, saturated liquid - Imperial Units

Properties of Water - Imperial Units

Properties of water - temperature, pressure, specific volume, specific weight and vapor pressure

Propylene Glycol based Heat-Transfer Fluids

Freezing points of propylene glycol based heat-transfer fluids - suitable for the food processing industry

Refractive Index for some common Liquids, Solids and Gases

Some common fluids and their refractive index

Refrigerant R22 - Properties

Properties of Refrigerant R22 Dichlorodifluoromethane - saturated liquid and saturated vapor - imperial and metric units

Refrigerants - Environmental Properties

Physical and environmental properties of some common refrigerants

Refrigerants - Physical Properties

Physical properties of refrigerants - molecular weight, boiling, freezing and critical points

SAE Multigrade Oils - Viscosities and Densities

Viscosity and density of SAE Grade oil

Saturated Ice and Vapor

Thermodynamic properties of saturated ice and steam - specific volume, enthalpy and entropy

Saturated Salt Solutions and Air Humidity

A salt solutions can be used maintain a particular value of relative humidity

Sea Water Properties

Sea water - specific volume, specific heat and absolute viscosity

Silicone - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of silicone

Silver - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Ag - Silver - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Slurries - Densities

Calculate density of a slurry

Sodium Chloride and Water

Freezing point, density, specific heat and dynamic viscosity of Sodium Chloride and Water coolant

Soft and Hard Water

Carbonates dissolved in water

Softwood Lumber - Standard Sizes

Nominal and minimum-dressed lumber sizes

Soil - Weight and Composition of Earth

Typical weight and composition of soil

Solids - Melting and Boiling Temperatures

Melting and boiling temperatures of some products

Solids and Metals - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity for some common solids and metals like aluminum, asbestos, brass, calcium and many others

Solubility guidelines for ionic compounds in water

Guidelines or solubility rules to predict whether or not a given ionic compound is soluble in water at room temperature

Solubility of Gases in Water

Solubility of gases like Carbon dioxide, Argon, Methane and other gases in water

Solubility product constants

The equilibrium constant, Ksp, for aqueous solutions of ionic compounds at 25°C.

Solutions, molarity and dilution

Definitions and examples of how to calculate molarity and prepare dilutions

Specific Heat - Online Unit Converter

Online specific heat converter with the most commonly used units

Specific Heat and Individual Gas Constant of Gases

Specific heat at constant volume, specific heat at constant pressure, specific heat ratio and individual gas constant - R - common gases as argon, air, ether, nitrogen and many more ..

Specific Heat of common Substances

Specific heat of materials like wet mud, granite, sandy clay, quartz sand and more

Specific Heat of Food and Foodstuff

Specific heat of common food and foodstuff like apples, bass, beef, pork and many more

Specific Heat of Liquids and Fluids

Common liquids and fluids - acetone, oil, paraffin, water and many more - and their specific heats

Specific Heat of Solids

Common solids - like brick, cement, glass and many more - and their specific heats - in Imperial and SI units

Specific Heat Ratio of Air

Specific Heat Ratio of air at temperatures from -40 - 1000oC (-40 - 1500oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Specific Heats for Metals

Commonly used metals - aluminum, iron, mercury and many more - and their specific heats - imperial and SI units

Speed of Sound in Air

Speed of sound in air at temperatures from -40 to 1000oC (-40 to 1500oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Speed of Sound in Water

Speed of sound in water at temperatures ranging 32 - 212oF (0 - 100oC) - Imperial and SI units

Stainless Steels Classifications

Stainless steels are commonly grouped into martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, duplex (ferritic-austenitic) stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels

Standard enthalpy of formation, Gibbs energy of formation, entropy and molar heat capacity of organic substances

The standard enthalpy of formation, Gibbs energy of formation, entropy and molar heat capacity are tabulated for more than hundred organic substances.

Standard state and enthalpy of formation, Gibbs free energy of formation, entropy and heat capacity

Definition and explanation of the terms standard state and standard enthalpy of formation, with listing of values for standard enthalpy and Gibbs free energy of formation, as well as standard entropy and molar heat capacity, of 370 inorganic compounds

Standard test methods (ASTM and others) and specifications for petroleum products

An overview of common test methods and specifications of petroleum fuels. What, why and how do the different test?

Standard test methods (ASTM and others) for crude oil properties

An overview of common test methods and typical ranges of variation of petroleum quality parameters. What, why and how do the different test?

Steel Tempering Colors

The tempering process of hardening steel

Stone - Weight and Strength

Weight and strength of sandstone, granite, limestone, marble and slate

Stone Masonry

Typical strength of stone masonry constructions

STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

The definition of STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure and NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

Strong and weak acids and bases

The most common strong acids and bases, and some examples of weak acids and bases, together with definition of strong and weak acids and bases

Sugar Solutions - Viscosities

Dynamic viscosities of sucrose solutions at different temperatures

Sulfur Dioxide Liquid - Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and more

Supercooled Water - Vapor Pressure

Undercooled water and vapor pressure

Surface Tension of Water in contact with Air

Surface tension of water in contact with air for temperatures ranging 0 to 100oC (32 to 212oF) - in imperial units (BG units) and SI units

Temperature and Strength of Metals

Influence of temperature on strength of metals

Thermal Conductivities for some common Liquids

Some fluids and their thermal conductivities

Thermal Conductivity of common Materials and Gases

Thermal conductivity of gases, insulation products, aluminum, asphalt, brass, copper, steel and other common materials

Thermal Conductivity of Metals

Thermal conductivity of some common metals

Thermal Expansion of Metals

Thermal expansion of some common metals

Thermodynamics key values internationally agreed

Internationally agreed, internally consistent, values for the thermodynamic properties (standard enthalpy of formation, entropy and [H°(298)-H°(0)]) of key chemical substances

Thermoplastic Pipes - Temperature and Strength Derating

Increased temperature derates strength of thermoplastic piping materials

Thermoplastics - Physical Properties

Physical properties of some thermoplastics like ABS, PVC, CPVC, PE, PEX, PB and PVDF

Timber - Section Sizes

Basic size, area, moments of inertia and section modulus for timber - metric units

Toluene Liquid - Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity and more

Triple Point

Triple points for some common substances

U.S. Standard Atmosphere

Properties of US standard atmosphere ranging -5000 to 250000 ft altitude

UNS - Unified Numbering System

The Unified Numbering System - UNS - used for metals and alloys

Vapor Pressure common Liquids

Vapor and saturation pressure for some common liquids

Vinyl Ester - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of Vinyl Ester to products as Acetone, Alcohol, Diesel oil and more

Viscosity Converting Chart

Convert between the viscosity units Centiposes, milliPascal, CentiStokes and SSU

Water - Density and Specific Weight

Density and specific weight of water at temperatures ranging 0 to 100 oC (32 to 212 oF) - in Imperial and SI Units

Water - Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity

Viscosity of water at temperatures ranging 0 to 100 oC (32 to 212 oF) - Imperial and SI Units

Water - Pressure and Boiling Points

Boiling points of water at pressures ranging 0.5 to 1000 psia

Water - Saturation Pressure and Specific Weight

Vapor pressure and specific weight of water at temperatures ranging 32 to 212 oF - Imperial Units

Water - Specific Gravity versus Temperature

Specific gravity of water in the range of 32 to 600 oF

Water - Specific Heat at Higher Temperature

Specific heat of water at higher temperatures - Imperial units

Water - Specific Volume and Weight Density

Specific volume and weight density of water at temperatures ranging 32 - 700 oF - Imperial and IS Units

Water - Thermodynamic Properties

Thermal properties of water - density, freezing temperature, boiling temperature, latent heat of melting, latent heat of evaporation, critical temperature and more

Water Content in Food and other Products

Water content before and after drying in food and other products cork, grain, soap, peat, wood and more

Water Saturation Pressure

Water saturation pressure at temperatures ranging from 0 to 100oC and from 32 to 700oF - Imperial and SI Units

Water Vapor - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Water Vapor - H2O - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Wood Density and Moisture Content

Density of wood versus moisture content

Wood Hardness

Soft and hardwood - Janka Hardness

Wood Species - Moisture Content and Weight

Weight of green and air-dried fire wood

Wrought and Cast Copper Alloys - Properties Database

A searchable database of properties for wrought and cast copper alloys

Yield structure of crude oils with increasing density of crude

Yields of different crude oil distillation cuts are plotted as function of whole crude specific gravity. Fractions based on European and North American markeds, and the typical differences in crude oil fractionation in the two markeds are also shown.

Young's Modulus of Elasticity for Metals and Alloys

Elastic properties and Young's modulus for metals and alloys like cast iron, carbon steel and more

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