Material Properties

Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

Alloy Steel

Steel with properties due to delements other than carbon

AISI/SAE Steel - Numbering System

Steel numbering system

Acetylene

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Acetylene

Acids - pH Values

Some common acids as sulfuric, acetic and more

Air - Absolute and Kinematic Viscosity

Absolute and kinematic viscosity of air at temperatures ranging -40 - 1000 oC (-40 - 1500 oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial Units

Air - Altitude, Density and Specific Volume

The density and the specific volume of air varies with the elevation above sea level

Air - Density and Specific Weight

Density and specific weight of air at temperatures ranging -40 - 1000 oC (-40 - 1500 oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Air - Temperature, Pressure and Density

Air density for pressures and temperatures ranging 0 - 1000 psi and 30 - 600 deg F

Air Composition

Dry air is a mechanical mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and more

Air Properties

Temperature, density, specific heat, thermal conductivity, expansion coefficient, kinematic viscosity and Prandtl's number for temperatures ranging -150 - 400 oC

Air Properties - Imperial Units

Thermodynamic properties of air at low pressures - imperial units

Air Properties - SI Units

Ideal gas properties of air at low pressures - in SI units

Air Solubility in Water

Amount of air that can be dissolved in water - decrease with temperature - increase with pressure

Aluminum - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Al - Aluminum - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Aluminum Alloys - Mechanical Properties

Mechanical properties of some common aluminum alloys

Ammonia

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Ammonia

Ammonia - Liquid Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity ...

Argon

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Argon

Arsenic - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

As - Arsenic - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

BHN - Brinell Hardness Number

The Brinell hardness test of metals and alloys

Bases - pH Values

Some common bases as sodium hydroxide, ammonia and more

Benzene - Liquid Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity ...

Benzene - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Benzene Gas - C6H6 - at temperatures ranging 250 - 900 K

Boiling Points of Water at Various Elevations

Altitude - and boiling points of water

Boiling Points of some common Fluids and Gases

The boiling points of some common liquids and gases as acetone, butane, propane, and more

Brix Scale

Specific gravity related to the content of sucrose - used in sugar, fruit juice and wine making industry

Bulk Density of Food Materials

Bulk densities of some common foods

Bulk Modulus - Metals and Alloys

Bulk modulus of some common metals and alloys

Bulk Modulus and Fluid Elasticity

Introduction and definition of Bulk Modulus Elasticity - commonly used to characterize compressibility of fluids

CPVC - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of CPVC - Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) - pipes

Calcium Chloride - Water

Freezing point, density, specific heat and dynamic viscosity of Calcium Chloride - Water coolant

Carbon Dioxide - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Carbon Dioxide gas - CO2 - temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Carbon Dioxide Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Carbon Dioxide - CO2 - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Carbon Dioxide Properties - old English Units

Properties of saturated liquid Carbon Dioxide - CO2 - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Carbon Monoxide

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Carbon Monoxide - CO

Carbon Monoxide - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Carbon Monoxide Gas - CO - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels Classification

Steel is considered to be carbon steel when no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, columbium (niobium), molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium or zirconium

Ceramic Material Properties

Physical properties of some common ceramics

Chemical Resistance Polyethylene - PE

Chemical resistance of polyethylene - PEH - pipes

Chemical Resistance of Rubbers and Elastomers

Common rubbers and elastomers - resistance to chemicals - solvents and softeners - swelling properties

Coefficients of Linear Thermal Expansion

Linear temperature expansion coefficients for some common materials as aluminum, copper, glass, iron and many more

Comparing Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol

Comparing the properties of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol

Compositions of Steel

Typical compositions of steels

Compressed Water Properties

Specific volume, enthalpy and entropy of compressed water

Compression and Tension Strength of some common Materials

Some common materials and their average ultimate strength - compression and tension

Concrete Mixtures

Typical cement, sand and gravel mixtures

Concrete Properties

Properties of normal strength Portland cement concrete

Copper - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Cu - Copper - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Copper Alloys and Typical Applications

Typical use of copper alloys in Architecture, Automotive, Electrical, Building Wire, Energy, Tube, Pipe Fittings, Fuel Gas, Industrial and Marine Applications

Copper Zinc Tin Alloys

Strength of Copper-Zinc-Tin alloys

Cryogenic Fluids - or Liquefied Gas Properties

Cryogenic properties as density, boiling points and heat of evaporation for fluids as hydrogen, methane, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine and helium

Densities of Miscellaneous Solids

Solids - densities or weights

Densities of some Common Materials

Density in Imperial and SI-units

Density Converter

Online density converter with the most common units

Density of Wood

Density of wood as function of moisture content

Density, Specific Weight and Specific Gravity

An introduction and definition of density, specific weight and specific gravity - formulas with examples

Dielectric Constant of some common Liquids

Common fluids and their dielectric constant or permittivity

Dimethyl Propylmethane - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Dimethyl Propylmethane Gas - C6H18 - at temperatures ranging 250 - 800 K

Dirt and Mud Densities

Densities - pound per cubic foot and kilograms per cubic meter - dirt and mud

Ditch-Filling Materials - Densities

Weight or density of ditch-filling materials

Dry Air Properties

Dry air properties at temperatures ranging 175 - 1900 K - specific heat capacity, ratio of specific heats, dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity, Prandtl number, density and kinematic viscosity

Drying Temperature and Time - common Materials

Drying temperature and drying time for some common materials as coffee, fruits, lumber and more

Dust Explosions - Critical Temperatures and Concentrations

Critical temperatures and concentration parameters for some common substances as coal, zinc, uranium and more

Dynamic Viscosity of some common Liquids

Absolute or Dynamic Viscosity viscosity of some common fluids

Dynamic, Absolute and Kinematic Viscosity

An introduction to dynamic, absolute and kinematic viscosity and how to convert between CentiStokes (cSt), CentiPoises (cP), Saybolt Universal Seconds (SSU), degree Engler and more

Earth or Soil - Weight and Composition

Typical weight and composition of soil or earth

Elastomers

Natural and syntetic rubbers

Elements - Melting Points

Melting points of the elements

Emissivity Coefficients of some common Materials

The radiation heat transfer emissivity coefficient of some common materials as aluminum, brass, glass and many more

Engineering Materials

Comparing some typical properties of common engineering materials like steel, plastics, ceramics and composites

Epoxy - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of Epoxy to common products as Acetic acid, Alcohol, Diesel oil and more

Ethane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Ethane - C2H6

Ethane - Liquid Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat ....

Ethane - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Ethane Gas - C2H6 - temperatures ranging 250 - 900 K

Ethanol Freeze Protected Water Solutions

Freezing and flash points of ethanol based water solutions - brines

Ethylene - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Ethylene Gas - C2H4 - temperatures ranging 175 - 900 K

Ethylene Glycol Heat-Transfer Fluid

Freezing point, viscosity, specific gravity and specific heat capacity of ethylene glycol based heat-transfer fluids, or brines

Fibers in Polymer Composites

Mechanical properties of fibers used in polymer composites

Flash Point

The flash point indicates how easy a chemical may ignite and burn

Float Glass Weight

Weight of typical float glass thicknesses

Fluids - Latent Heat of Evaporation

Latent heat of vaporization of some common fluids - alcohol, ether, nitrogen, water and more ..

Food and Foodstuff - Specific Heats

Specific heats of some common food and foodstuff as apples, bass, beef, pork and much more

Food and Foodstuff - pH Values

Approximate pH values for some common food products as apples, butter, wines and more ..

Freezing Points Common Liquids

Common fluids and their freezing points

Freon Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Freon - CCl2F2 - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Freon Properties - old English Units

Properties of saturated liquid Freon - CCl2F2 - density. specific heat capacity. kinematic viscosity. thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Fuels - Densities and Specific Volumes

Densities and specific volumes of some common fuels - anthracite, butane, coke, oil, wood and more

Fuels Properties Database

Online petroleum-based fuels properties database

Gas Data

An online database with gas properties

Gases - Densities

Densities and molecular weights of some common gases - acetylene, air, methane, nitrogen, oxygen and many others ..

Gases - Dynamic Viscosity

Absolute viscosity of some common gases

Gases - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity of air, ammonia, butadiene, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and some other common gases

Gases - Specific Heats and Individual Gas Constants

Specific heat at constant volume, specific heat capacity at constant pressure and individual gas constant - R - common gases as argon, air, ether, nitrogen and many more ..

Glycerine - Boiling and Freezing Points

Boiling and freezing points of aqueous solutions of glycerine

Gold - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Au - Gold - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Helium

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Helium - He

Human Body and Specific Heat

The specific heat of the human body compared with protein and wood

Hydrogen

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Hydrogen - H2

Hydrogen - Specific Heat

Specific heat capacity of Hydrogen Gas - H2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

ISO Grade Oil Properties

Viscosity and density of ISO Grade oil

Ice - Thermal Properties

Thermal and thermodynamic properties of ice - density, thermal conductivity and specific heat at temperatures from 0 to -100 oC

Ice - Thickness and Safe Loads

Safe loads for clear solid ice

Identification Tests for Stainless Steels

Magnetic, spark, hardness and acid identification tests of austenitic, martensitic and ferritic stainless steels

Industrial Lubricants - Viscosity ISO-VG Grade

ISO-VG viscosity grades for industrial lubricants

Iron - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Fe - Iron - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Isopropanol (2-Propanol) based Water Solutions

Freezing and flash points of isopropanol (2-Propanol) based water solutions - brines

Latent Heat of Melting of some common Materials

The latent heat of fusion when changing between solid or liquid state of some common materials as aluminum, ammonia, glycerin, water and more

Lead - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Pb - Lead (Plumbum) - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Liquid Metals

Boiling points and specific heat

Liquid Water Properties at different Pressures

Liquid water properties at pressure 14.7 psia, 1000 psia and 10000 psia

Liquids - Densities

Densities of some common liquids - acetone, beer, oil, water and more

Liquids - Kinematic Viscosities

Kinematic viscosities of some common liquids - motor oil, diesel fuel, peanut oil and many more

Liquids and Fluids - Specific Gravities - SG

Specific gravities for common fluids and liquids - acetone, alcohol, turpentine, oil and more ..

Liquids and Fluids - Specific Heats

Common liquids and fluids - acetone, oil, paraffin, water and many more - and their specific heats

Lumber Weights

Weights of green, kiln dried and pressure treated lumber boards

Magnesium - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Mg - Magnesium - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Malleability, Brittlenes and Ductility

Properties regarding plastic deformation

Melting and Boiling Points for some common Materials

Melting points, heat of fusions, boiling points and heat to evaporate some common substances - hydrogen, water, gold and more ..

Melting and Boiling Temperatures - Evaporation and Melting Heat

Melting and boiling point temperatures, latent evaporation and melting heat of some common substances as copper, gold, lead and more - in SI units

Melting and Solidifying Points

Melting and solidifying temperatures of some common substances - alcohol, aluminum, water, wax and more

Mercury - Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Mercury - Hg - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Metal Alloys - Specific Heats

Specific heat of some common metal alloys as brass, bronze and more

Metals - Boiling Temperatures

Metals and their boiling temperatures

Metals - Galvanic Series in Seawater

Galvanic series in seawater

Metals - Melting Temperatures

Melting temperature of some common metals and alloys

Metals - Specific Heats

Common metals - aluminum, iron, mercury and many more - and their specific heats - imperial and SI units

Metals Machinability

Machinability of metals

Metals and Alloys - Densities

Density of some common metals and alloys - aluminum, bronze, copper, iron and more ..

Metals and Corrosion Resistance

Common metals and their corrosion resistance to aggressive fluids as acids, bases and more

Metals and Latent Heat of Fusion

Metals and their latent heat of fusion

Methane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Methane - CH4

Methane - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Methane Gas - CH4 - at temperatures ranging 200 - 1100 K

Methanol - Thermophysical Properties

Thermophysical properties methanol

Methanol Freeze Protected Heat-Transfer Fluids

Freezing and flash points of methanol or methyl based heat-transfer fluids - brines

Mineral Density

Densities of common minerals

Minerals - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity of some common minerals

Mixtures of Metals and Melting Points

Mixtures of metals and their melting points

Modulus of Elasticity - Young Modulus for some common Materials

Young Modulus (Tensile Modulus) - Elastic Properties - for some common materials - steel, glass, wood and more

Moisture Content

Wet and dry basis

Molar Specific Heat - Gases

Molar specific heats of some common gases at constant volume

Molecular Weight - Gases and Vapors

Molecular mass of common gases and vapors

Molybdenum - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Mo - Molybdenum - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Nickel - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Ni - Nickel - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Nitrogen

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Nitrogen - N2

Nitrogen - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Nitrogen Gas - N2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Octane - Liquid Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity ...

Oils - Melting Points

Melting point of oils

Oxygen

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Oxygen - O2

Oxygen - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Oxygen Gas - O2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Oxygen Solubility in Fresh and Sea Water

Solubility of oxygen in equilibration with air in fresh and sea (salt) water - pressures ranging 1 - 4 bar abs

Particle Sizes

Sizes of airborne particle as dust, pollen bacteria, virus and many more

Plastic Materials Commonly Used in Valves

An introduction to plastic materials commonly used in valves

Plastic Recycling Labels

Recyclable symbols for plastic bottles, containers and packaging

Plastics Abbreviations

Plastic abbreviations in common use

Polyester - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of Polyester to common products like Acetic acid, Diesel oil and more

Polymers - Physical Properties

Density, tensile strength, elongation, Youngs modulus, Brinell hardiness of some common polymer plastic materials

Polypropylene PP - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of PolyPropylene - PP - to some common acids, bases, organic substances and solvents

Polyurethane - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of polyurethane - PUR

Porosity

Volume not occupied by solid material

Pressure and Boiling Points of Water

Boiling points of water at pressure ranging 0.5 - 1000 psia

Propane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Propane - C3H8

Propane Butane Mix - Evaporation Pressure

Evaporation pressure of Propane Butane mixtures

Properties of Air at Moderate Pressure - ranging -100 to 1000oF

Dynamic viscosity. thermal conductivity. specific heat capacity and Prandtl number - old English units

Properties of Water

Properties of water, saturated liquid - Imperial Units

Properties of Water - Imperial Units

Properties of water - temperature, pressure, specific volume, density and vapor pressure

Propylene Glycol based Heat-Transfer Fluids

Freezing points of propylene glycol based heat-transfer fluids suitable for the food processing industry

Radiation Emissivity of some common Materials

Radiation emissivity of some common materials - Water, Ice, Snow, Grass ..

Refractive Index of some common Liquids, Solids and Gases

Some common fluids and their refractive indexes

Refrigerant R22 - Properties

Properties of Refrigerant R22 - saturated liquid and saturated vapor - both imperial and metric units

Refrigerants - Environmental Properties

Physical and environmental properties

Refrigerants - Physical Properties

Physical properties of some common refrigerants - molecular weight, boiling, freezing and critical points

SAE Multigrade Oil Properties

Viscosity and density of SAE Grade oil

STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

The definition of STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure and NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

Saturated Ice and Vapor

Thermodynamic properties - specific volume, enthalpy and entropy - of saturated ice and steam

Saturated Salt Solutions and Air Humidity

Salts can be used maintain particular values of relative humidity

Sea Water Properties

Seawater properties - specific volume, specific heat and absolute viscosity

Silicone - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of silicone

Silver - Melting Points of Binary Eutectic Alloys

Ag - Silver - binary eutectic alloys and melting points

Slurry - Density

Calculating density of slurries

Sodium Chloride - Water

Freezing point, density, specific heat and dynamic viscosity of Sodium Chloride - Water coolant

Soft and Hard Water

Hard and soft water

Softwood Lumber Standard

Nominal and minimum-dressed sizes of lumber

Solids - Specific Heats

A comprehensive list of some common solids as brick, cement, glass and many more - and their specific heats - imperial and SI units

Solids and Metals - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity for some common solids and metals as aluminum, asbestos, brass, calcium and many others

Solubility of Gases in Water

Solubility diagrams of gases like Carbon dioxide, Argon, Methane and other gases in water at different temperatures

Specific Gravity - Liquids

Specific gravity of some common liquids and fluids as alcohol, oils, benzene, water and many more

Specific Heat Converter

Online specific heat calculator with the most common units

Specific Heat Polymers

Specific heat epoxy, PET, polycarbonate ..

Specific Heat Ratio of Air

Specific Heat Ratio of air at temperatures from -40 - 1000 oC (-40 - 1500 oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Specific Heat of some common Substances

Specific heat of wet mud, granite, sandy clay, quartz sand and more

Speed of Sound in Air

Speed of sound in air at temperatures from -40 - 1000 oC (-40 - 1500 oF) at standard atmospheric pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Stainless Steels Classifications

Stainless steels are commonly grouped into martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, duplex (ferritic-austenitic) stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels

Stone Masonry

Typical strength

Sulfur Dioxide - Liquid Thermal Prorties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity ...

Surface Tension of Water in contact with Air

Surface tension of water in contact with air for temperatures ranging 0 - 100 oC (32 - 212 oF) - in imperial units (BG units) and SI units

Temperature and Strength of Metals

Influence of temperature on the strength of metals

Thermal Conductivity Coefficients Plastics

Conductivity for some common plastics

Thermal Conductivity Common Liquids

Common fluids and their thermal conductivity

Thermal Conductivity of Metals

Thermal conductivity of some common metals

Thermal Conductivity of some common Materials and Gases

Thermal conductivity of some common materials and gases - insulation, aluminum, asphalt, brass, copper, steel and many more ..

Thermal Expansion Metals

Thermal expansion of some common metals

Thermoplastic Pipes - Temperature and Strength Derating

Increased temperature derates the strength of thermoplastic piping materials

Thermoplastics - Physical Properties

Physical properties of some common thermoplastics - ABS, PVC, CPVC, PE, PEX, PB and PVDF

Timber Section Sizes

Basic size, area, moments of inertia and section modulus - metric units

Toluene - Liquid Thermal Properties

Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity ...

U.S Standard Atmosphere

Properties of US standard atmosphere ranging -5000 to 250000 ft altitude

UNS - Unified Numbering System

Unified Numbering System - UNS - for metals and alloys

Vapour Pressure

Vapour and saturation pressure for some common liquids

Vinyl Ester - Chemical Resistance

Chemical resistance of Vinyl Ester to common products as Acetone, Alcohol, Diesel oil and more

Viscosity Converting Chart

A viscosity converting table between units like Centiposes, milliPascal, CentiStokes and SSU

Viscosity of Foods

Absolute or dynamic viscosity of some common foods

Viscosity of Sugar Solutions

Dynamic viscosity of sucrose solutions at different temperatures

Water - Density and Specific Weight

Density and specific weight of water at temperatures ranging 0 - 100 oC (32 - 212 oF) - Imperial and SI Units

Water - Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity

Viscosity of water at temperatures between 0 - 100oC (32 - 212oF) - in Imperial and SI Units

Water - Saturation Pressure and Specific Weight

Vapor pressure and specific weight for water at temperatures ranging 32 - 212 oF - Imperial Units

Water - Specific Heats at High Temperatures

Specific heat of water at higher temperatures - Imperial units

Water - Specific Volume and Weight Density

Specific volume and weight density of water at temperatures ranging 32 - 700 oF - Imperial Units

Water - Speed of Sound

Speed of sound in water at temperatures between 32 - 212 oF (0 - 100 oC) - imperial and SI units

Water - Temperature and Specific Gravity

Specific gravity of water ranging 32 - 600 oF

Water - Thermal Properties

Thermal properties of water - density, freezing temperature, boiling temperature, latent heat of melting, latent heat of evaporation, critical temperature and more

Water Content in Products

Products and water content before and after drying - common material like cork, grain, soap, peat, wood and more

Water Saturation Pressure

Water saturation pressure at temperatures ranging 0 - 100 oC and 32 - 700 oF - Imperial and SI Units

Water Vapor - Specific Heat

Specific heat of Water Vapor - H2O - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

Weight and Strength of Stone

Sandstone, Granite, Limestone, Marble and Slate

Weight of Bricks

Density of bricks

Wood Densities

Density of wood as apple, ash, cedar, elm and more

Wood Species - Weight at various Moisture Contents

Weight of green and air-dry fuel wood

Wood and Combustion Heat Values

Firewood and combustion heat values - Pine, Elm, Hickory and many more species

Wrought and Cast Copper Alloys - Properties Database

A searchable database of properties for wrought and cast copper alloys

Young Modulus of Elasticity for Metals and Alloys

Elastic properties and Youngs modulus for common metals and alloys as cast iron, carbon steel and more

n-Butane

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of n-Butane

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