Food and Foodstuff - Specific Heats

Specific heats of some common food and foodstuff as apples, bass, beef, pork and much more

The table below can be used to find the specific heat of food and foodstuffs.

FoodSpecific Heat above FreezingSpecific Heat below Freezing
(btu/lboF)(kJ/kgoC)(kcal/kgoC)(btu/lboF)(kJ/kgoC)(kcal/kgoC)
Apples 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Apricots. fresh 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Artichokes 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Asparagus 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Asparagus beans 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Avocados 0.72 3.01 0.72 0.37 1.55 0.37
Bacon 2.0
Bananas 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Barracuda 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Bass 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Beef, carcass 0.68 2.85 0.68 0.48 2.01 0.48
Beef, flank 0.56 2.34 0.56 0.32 1.34 0.32
Beef, hamburger 3.52
Beef, loin 0.66 2.76 0.66 0.35 1.47 0.35
Beef, rib 0.67 2.81 0.67 0.36 1.51 0.36
Beef, round 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Beef, rump 0.62 2.6 0.62 0.34 1.42 0.34
Beef, shanks 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Beef, corned 0.63 2.64 0.63 0.34 1.42 0.34
Beets 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Blackberry 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Blueberries 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Brains 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Broccoli 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Brussels sprouts 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Butter 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.34 1.42 0.34
Butterfish 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Cabbage 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Candy 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.93 3.89 0.93
Carp 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Carrots 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Cauliflower 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Celery 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Chard 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.43 1.8 0.43
Cheese, cottage 3.27
Cherries, sour 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.41 1.72 0.41
Cherries, sweet 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.4 1.67 0.4
Chicken, squab 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.39 1.63 0.39
Chicken, broilers 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.38 1.59 0.38
Chicken, fryers 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.35 1.47 0.35
Chicken, hens 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.44 1.84 0.44
Chicken, capons 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.41 1.72 0.41
Chocolate (aprox.) 1.6
Clams, meat only 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.36 1.51 0.36
Coconut, meat and milk 0.68 2.85 0.68 0.45 1.88 0.45
Coconut, milk only 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.42 1.76 0.42
Codfish 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.39 1.63 0.39
Cod Roe 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Cowpeas, fresh 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.22 0.92 0.22
Cowpeas, dry 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.41 1.72 0.41
Crabs 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Crab apples 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.43 1.8 0.43
Cranberries 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.38 1.59 0.38
Cream 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.45 1.88 0.45
Cucumber 0.98 4.1 0.98 0.45 1.88 0.45
Currants 0.97 4.06 0.97 0.45 1.88 0.45
Dandelion greens 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Dates 0.2 0.84 0.2 0.01 0.03 0.01
Eels 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Eggs 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.4 1.67 0.4
Eggplant 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Endive 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Figs, fresh 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Figs, dried 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Figs, candied 0.37 1.55 0.37 0.26 1.09 0.26
Fish, canned 3.35
Fish, fresh 3.6
Flounders 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Flour 0.38 1.59 0.38 0.28 1.17 0.28
Frogs, legs 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.44 1.84 0.44
Garlic 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.4 1.67 0.4
Gizzards 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.39 1.63 0.39
Goose 0.61 2.55 0.61 0.34 1.42 0.34
Gooseberry 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Granadilla 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Grapefruit 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Grapes 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Grape juice 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Guavas 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Guinea hen 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.38 1.59 0.38
Haddock 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.42 1.76 0.42
Halibut 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Herring, smoked 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Horseradish, fresh 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.4 1.67 0.4
Horseradish, prepared 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Ice cream 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.4 1.67 0.4
Kale 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Kidneys 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Kidney beans, dried 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.23 0.96 0.23
Kohlrabi 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Kumquats 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Lamb, carcass 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.38 1.59 0.38
Lamb, leg 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Lamb, rib cut 0.61 2.55 0.61 0.34 1.42 0.34
Lamb, shoulder 0.67 2.81 0.67 0.35 1.47 0.35
Lard 0.54 2.26 0.54 0.31 1.3 0.31
Leeks 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Lemons 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Lemon juice 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Lettuce 0.96 4.02 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Lima beans 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.38 1.59 0.38
Limes 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Lime juice 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Litchi fruits, dried 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Liver, raw beef 3.5
Lobsters 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Loganberries 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Loganberry juice 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Milk, cow - whole pasteurized 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.47 1.97 0.47
Milk, dry no fat 1.52
Mushrooms, fresh 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Mushrooms, dried 0.3 1.26 0.3 0.23 0.96 0.23
Muskmelons 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Nectarines 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Nuts 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.24 1 0.24
Olives, green 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Onions 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Onion, Welsh 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Oranges, fresh 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Orange juice 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Oysters 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Peaches, Georgina 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Peaches, North Carolina 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Peaches, Maryland 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Peaches, New Jersey 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Peach juice fresh 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pears, Bartlet 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pears, Beurre Bosc 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pears. dried 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Peas, young 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Peas, medium 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Peas, old 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Peas, split 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.23 0.96 0.23
Peppers, ripe 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Perch 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Persimmons 0.72 3.01 0.72 0.37 1.55 0.37
Pheasant 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.36 1.51 0.36
Pickerel 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pickles, sweet 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pickles, sour and dill 0.96 4.02 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Pickles, sweet mixed 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.29 1.21 0.29
Pickles, sour mixed 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Pig's feet, pickled 0.5 2.09 0.5 0.31 1.3 0.31
Pike 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pineapple, fresh 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pineapple, sliced or crushed 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pineapple, juice 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Plums 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pomegranate 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pompano 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Porgy 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Pork, bacon 0.36 1.51 0.36 0.25 1.05 0.25
Pork, ham 0.62 2.6 0.62 0.34 1.42 0.34
Pork, loin 0.66 2.76 0.66 0.35 1.47 0.35
Pork, shoulder 0.59 2.47 0.59 0.33 1.38 0.33
Pork, spareribs 0.62 2.6 0.62 0.34 1.42 0.34
Pork, smoked ham 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.35 1.47 0.35
Pork, salted 0.31 1.3 0.31 0.24 1 0.24
Potatoes 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Prickly pears 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.43 1.81 0.43
Prunes 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Pumpkin 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Quinces 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Rabbit 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Radishes 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Raisins 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Raspberries, black 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Raspberries, red 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Raspberry juice, black 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Raspberry juice, red 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Reindeer 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.37 1.55 0.37
Rhubarb 0.96 4.03 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Rose Apple 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Rutabagas 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Salmon 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sand dab 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Sapodilla 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Sapote 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.37 1.55 0.37
Saurekraut 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Sausage, beef and pork 0.56 2.34 0.56 0.32 1.34 0.32
Sausage, bockwurst 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sausage, bologna 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sausage, franfurter 0.69 2.89 0.69 0.36 1.51 0.36
Sausage, salami 0.45 1.88 0.45 0.28 1.17 0.28
Sardines 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Shad 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Shrimp 0.83 3.48 0.83 0.41 1.72 0.41
Skim milk 4.0
Spanish mackerel 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.39 1.63 0.39
Starch 1.75
Strawberries 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Strawberry juice 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.39 1.63 0.39
String beans 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Sturgeon, raw 0.83 3.48 0.83 0.41 1.72 0.41
Sturgeon, smoked 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sugar apple, fresh 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.39 1.63 0.39
Sweet potatoes 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.38 1.59 0.38
Swordfish 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Terrapin 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Tomatoes, red 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Tomatoes, green 0.96 4.02 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Tomato, juice 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Tongue, beef 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Tongue, calf 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.4 1.67 0.4
Tongue, lamb 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.38 1.59 0.38
Tongue, pork 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.39 1.63 0.39
Tongue, sheep 0.69 2.89 0.69 0.36 1.51 0.36
Tomato soup, concentrate 3.67
Tripe, beef 0.83 3.48 0.83 0.41 1.72 0.41
Tripe, pickled 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Trout 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Tuna 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Turkey 0.67 2.81 0.67 0.35 1.47 0.35
Turnips 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Turtle 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Veal, carcass 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Veal, flank 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.35 1.47 0.35
Veal, loin 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.38 1.59 0.38
Veal, rib 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.37 1.54 0.37
Veal, shank 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Veal, quarter 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Venison 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.39 1.63 0.39
Watercress 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Watermelon 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Whitefish 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Yams 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.39 1.63 0.39

Related Topics

  • Heating - Heating systems - capacity and design of boilers, pipelines, heat exchangers, expansion systems and more
  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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