Food and Foodstuff - Specific Heats

Specific heats of some common food and foodstuff as apples, bass, beef, pork and much more

The table below can be used to find the specific heat of food and foodstuffs.

FoodSpecific Heat above FreezingSpecific Heat below Freezing
(Btu/lboF)(KJ/kgoC)(Kcal/kgoC)(Btu/lboF)(KJ/kgoC)(Kcal/kgoC)
Apples 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Apricots. fresh 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Artichokes 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Asparagus 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Asparagus beans 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Avocados 0.72 3.01 0.72 0.37 1.55 0.37
Bacon 2.0
Bananas 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Barracuda 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Bass 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Beef, carcass 0.68 2.85 0.68 0.48 2.01 0.48
Beef, flank 0.56 2.34 0.56 0.32 1.34 0.32
Beef, hamburger 3.52
Beef, loin 0.66 2.76 0.66 0.35 1.47 0.35
Beef, rib 0.67 2.81 0.67 0.36 1.51 0.36
Beef, round 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Beef, rump 0.62 2.6 0.62 0.34 1.42 0.34
Beef, shanks 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Beef, corned 0.63 2.64 0.63 0.34 1.42 0.34
Beets 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Blackberry 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Blueberries 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Brains 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Broccoli 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Brussels sprouts 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Butter 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.34 1.42 0.34
Butterfish 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Cabbage 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Candy 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.93 3.89 0.93
Carp 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Carrots 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Cauliflower 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Celery 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Chard 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.43 1.8 0.43
Cheese, cottage 3.27
Cherries, sour 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.41 1.72 0.41
Cherries, sweet 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.4 1.67 0.4
Chicken, squab 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.39 1.63 0.39
Chicken, broilers 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.38 1.59 0.38
Chicken, fryers 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.35 1.47 0.35
Chicken, hens 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.44 1.84 0.44
Chicken, capons 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.41 1.72 0.41
Clams, meat only 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.36 1.51 0.36
Coconut, meat and milk 0.68 2.85 0.68 0.45 1.88 0.45
Coconut, milk only 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.42 1.76 0.42
Codfish 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.39 1.63 0.39
Cod Roe 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Cowpeas, fresh 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.22 0.92 0.22
Cowpeas, dry 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.41 1.72 0.41
Crabs 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Crab apples 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.43 1.8 0.43
Cranberries 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.38 1.59 0.38
Cream 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.45 1.88 0.45
Cucumber 0.98 4.1 0.98 0.45 1.88 0.45
Currants 0.97 4.06 0.97 0.45 1.88 0.45
Dandelion greens 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Dates 0.2 0.84 0.2 0.01 0.03 0.01
Eels 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Eggs 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.4 1.67 0.4
Eggplant 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Endive 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Figs, fresh 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Figs, dried 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Figs, candied 0.37 1.55 0.37 0.26 1.09 0.26
Fish, canned 3.35
Fish, fresh 3.6
Flounders 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Flour 0.38 1.59 0.38 0.28 1.17 0.28
Frogs, legs 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.44 1.84 0.44
Garlic 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.4 1.67 0.4
Gizzards 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.39 1.63 0.39
Goose 0.61 2.55 0.61 0.34 1.42 0.34
Gooseberry 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Granadilla 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Grapefruit 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Grapes 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Grape juice 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Guavas 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Guinea hen 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.38 1.59 0.38
Haddock 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.42 1.76 0.42
Halibut 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Herring, smoked 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Horseradish, fresh 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.4 1.67 0.4
Horseradish, prepared 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Ice cream 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.4 1.67 0.4
Kale 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Kidneys 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Kidney beans, dried 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.23 0.96 0.23
Kohlrabi 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Kumquats 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Lamb, carcass 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.38 1.59 0.38
Lamb, leg 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Lamb, rib cut 0.61 2.55 0.61 0.34 1.42 0.34
Lamb, shoulder 0.67 2.81 0.67 0.35 1.47 0.35
Lard 0.54 2.26 0.54 0.31 1.3 0.31
Leeks 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Lemons 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Lemon juice 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Lettuce 0.96 4.02 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Lima beans 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.38 1.59 0.38
Limes 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Lime juice 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Litchi fruits, dried 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Liver, raw beef 3.5
Lobsters 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Loganberries 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Loganberry juice 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Milk, cow - whole pasteurized 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.47 1.97 0.47
Milk, dry no fat 1.52
Mushrooms, fresh 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Mushrooms, dried 0.3 1.26 0.3 0.23 0.96 0.23
Muskmelons 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Nectarines 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Nuts 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.24 1 0.24
Olives, green 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Onions 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Onion, Welsh 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Oranges, fresh 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Orange juice 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Oysters 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Peaches, Georgina 0.87 3.64 0.87 0.42 1.76 0.42
Peaches, North Carolina 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Peaches, Maryland 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Peaches, New Jersey 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Peach juice fresh 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pears, Bartlet 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pears, Beurre Bosc 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pears. dried 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Peas, young 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Peas, medium 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Peas, old 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Peas, split 0.28 1.17 0.28 0.23 0.96 0.23
Peppers, ripe 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Perch 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Persimmons 0.72 3.01 0.72 0.37 1.55 0.37
Pheasant 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.36 1.51 0.36
Pickerel 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pickles, sweet 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pickles, sour and dill 0.96 4.02 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Pickles, sweet mixed 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.29 1.21 0.29
Pickles, sour mixed 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Pig's feet, pickled 0.5 2.09 0.5 0.31 1.3 0.31
Pike 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pineapple, fresh 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pineapple, sliced or crushed 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pineapple, juice 0.9 3.77 0.9 0.43 1.8 0.43
Plums 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Pomegranate 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Pompano 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Porgy 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Pork, bacon 0.36 1.51 0.36 0.25 1.05 0.25
Pork, ham 0.62 2.6 0.62 0.34 1.42 0.34
Pork, loin 0.66 2.76 0.66 0.35 1.47 0.35
Pork, shoulder 0.59 2.47 0.59 0.33 1.38 0.33
Pork, spareribs 0.62 2.6 0.62 0.34 1.42 0.34
Pork, smoked ham 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.35 1.47 0.35
Pork, salted 0.31 1.3 0.31 0.24 1 0.24
Potatoes 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Prickly pears 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.43 1.81 0.43
Prunes 0.81 3.39 0.81 0.4 1.67 0.4
Pumpkin 0.92 3.85 0.92 0.44 1.84 0.44
Quinces 0.88 3.68 0.88 0.43 1.8 0.43
Rabbit 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Radishes 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Raisins 0.39 1.63 0.39 0.26 1.09 0.26
Raspberries, black 0.85 3.56 0.85 0.41 1.72 0.41
Raspberries, red 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Raspberry juice, black 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Raspberry juice, red 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Reindeer 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.37 1.55 0.37
Rhubarb 0.96 4.03 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Rose Apple 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Rutabagas 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Salmon 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sand dab 0.86 3.6 0.86 0.42 1.76 0.42
Sapodilla 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Sapote 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.37 1.55 0.37
Saurekraut 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Sausage, beef and pork 0.56 2.34 0.56 0.32 1.34 0.32
Sausage, bockwurst 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sausage, bologna 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sausage, franfurter 0.69 2.89 0.69 0.36 1.51 0.36
Sausage, salami 0.45 1.88 0.45 0.28 1.17 0.28
Sardines 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Shad 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Shrimp 0.83 3.48 0.83 0.41 1.72 0.41
Skim milk 4.0
Spanish mackerel 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.39 1.63 0.39
Starch 1.75
Strawberries 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Strawberry juice 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.39 1.63 0.39
String beans 0.91 3.81 0.91 0.44 1.84 0.44
Sturgeon, raw 0.83 3.48 0.83 0.41 1.72 0.41
Sturgeon, smoked 0.71 2.97 0.71 0.37 1.55 0.37
Sugar apple, fresh 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.39 1.63 0.39
Sweet potatoes 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.38 1.59 0.38
Swordfish 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Terrapin 0.8 3.35 0.8 0.4 1.67 0.4
Tomatoes, red 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Tomatoes, green 0.96 4.02 0.96 0.45 1.88 0.45
Tomato, juice 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Tongue, beef 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Tongue, calf 0.79 3.31 0.79 0.4 1.67 0.4
Tongue, lamb 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.38 1.59 0.38
Tongue, pork 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.39 1.63 0.39
Tongue, sheep 0.69 2.89 0.69 0.36 1.51 0.36
Tomato soup, concentrate 3.67
Tripe, beef 0.83 3.48 0.83 0.41 1.72 0.41
Tripe, pickled 0.89 3.73 0.89 0.43 1.8 0.43
Trout 0.82 3.43 0.82 0.41 1.72 0.41
Tuna 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Turkey 0.67 2.81 0.67 0.35 1.47 0.35
Turnips 0.93 3.89 0.93 0.44 1.84 0.44
Turtle 0.84 3.52 0.84 0.41 1.72 0.41
Veal, carcass 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Veal, flank 0.65 2.72 0.65 0.35 1.47 0.35
Veal, loin 0.75 3.14 0.75 0.38 1.59 0.38
Veal, rib 0.73 3.06 0.73 0.37 1.54 0.37
Veal, shank 0.77 3.22 0.77 0.39 1.63 0.39
Veal, quarter 0.74 3.1 0.74 0.38 1.59 0.38
Venison 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.39 1.63 0.39
Watercress 0.95 3.98 0.95 0.45 1.88 0.45
Watermelon 0.94 3.94 0.94 0.45 1.88 0.45
Whitefish 0.76 3.18 0.76 0.39 1.63 0.39
Yams 0.78 3.27 0.78 0.39 1.63 0.39

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