Density of aqueous solutions of organic substances as sugars and alcohols

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of some sugars, alcohols and other organic substances in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Be aware of the concentration units in the figures:

wt%: Mass of solute/total mass of solution*100%

mol/kg: Molality = moles of solute/kg of water 

mol/liter: Molarity = moles of solute/liter of solution

Values are tabulated below the figures.

See also density of aqueous solutions of organic acids, inorganic chlorides, inorganic sodium salts, inorganic potassium salts and some other inorganic substances

Density of aqueous solutions of sugars and alcohols



Density of aqueous solutions of sugars and alcohols


Density of aqueous solutions of sugars and alcohols



Density of aqueous solutions at 20°C, given as g/cm3:

Mass% Acetone 1,2-Ethanediol Ethanol b-D-Fructose a-D-Glucose Glycerol b-D-Lactose a-Maltose D-Mannitol Methanol 1-propanol 2-propanol Sucrose Urea
1 0.9968 0.9995 0.9963 1.0021 1.0020 1.0005 1.0021 1.0003 1.0017 0.9964 0.9963 0.9960 1.0021 1.0007
5 0.9912 1.0044 0.9893 1.0181 1.0175 1.0097 1.0184 1.0184 1.0159 0.9896 0.9896 0.9884 1.0178 1.0111
10 0.9849 1.0108 0.9819 1.0385 1.0375 1.0215 1.0385 0.9816 0.9829 0.9816 1.0381 1.0248
20 1.0241 0.9687 1.0816 1.0797 1.0459 1.0801 0.9666 0.9686 0.9696 1.0810 1.0530
30 0.9539 1.1276 1.1260 1.1269 0.9514 1.1270 1.0812
40 1.0514 0.9352 1.1769 1.1724 1.0984 1.1769 0.9347 0.9288 0.9302 1.1765 1.1106
50 1.0650 0.9139 1.2235 1.2194 0.9156 1.2295
60 1.2793 1.1530 1.2855 0.8875 0.8824
70 0.8676 0.8715 1.3472
80 1.2085 0.8470 0.8341
100 0.7893 1.2611 0.7970 0.8034 0.7848
Density of aqueous solutions at 20°C, given as wt%


Conversion of the concentration from mass% to mol/kg (moles of solute/kg of water = molality):

Mass% Acetone 1,2-Ethanediol Ethanol b-D-Fructose a-D-Glucose Glycerol b-D-Lactose a-Maltose D-Mannitol Methanol 1-propanol 2-propanol Sucrose Urea
1 0.170 0.163 0.219 0.056 0.056 0.110 0.030 0.015 0.055 0.315 0.168 0.168 0.030 0.168
5 0.876 0.848 1.142 0.292 0.292 0.572 0.154 0.154 0.289 1.643 0.876 0.876 0.154 0.876
10 1.913 1.790 2.412 0.617 0.617 1.207 0.325 0.250 0.610 3.468 1.849 1.849 0.250 1.850
20 4.028 5.427 1.388 1.388 2.715 0.730 7.803 4.160 4.160 0.730 4.163
30 9.303 2.379 2.379 1.252 13.376 1.252 7.136
40 10.741 14.471 3.700 3.700 7.239 1.948 20.807 11.093 11.093 1.948 11.100
50 21.706 5.551 2.921 31.211 2.921
60 24.166 8.326 16.288 4.382 24.958 24.958
70 50.648 72.826 6.817
80 43.436 66.556 66.556
Mol/kg solution at 20°C


Conversion of the concentration from mass% to mol/liter (moles of solute/liter of solution = molarity):

Mass% Acetone 1,2-Ethanediol Ethanol b-D-Fructose a-D-Glucose Glycerol b-D-Lactose a-Maltose D-Mannitol Methanol 1-propanol 2-propanol Sucrose Urea
1 0.172 0.161 0.216 0.056 0.056 0.109 0.029 0.015 0.055 0.311 0.166 0.166 0.029 0.167
5 0.837 0.809 1.074 0.283 0.282 0.548 0.149 0.149 0.279 1.544 0.823 0.822 0.149 0.842
10 1.696 1.628 2.131 0.576 0.576 1.109 0.304 0.303 0.567 3.064 1.635 1.633 0.303 1.706
20 3.300 4.205 1.201 1.199 2.271 0.631 6.034 3.223 3.227 0.632 3.506
30 6.212 1.878 1.873 0.988 8.908 0.988 5.401
40 6.776 8.120 2.613 2.603 4.771 1.375 11.669 6.182 6.191 1.375 7.397
50 9.919 3.396 1.797 14.288 1.796
60 10.406 4.261 7.512 2.253 8.860 8.809
70 13.183 19.040 2.755
80 10.498 11.275 11.103
100 17.133 13.694 24.710 13.368 13.058
Mol/liter solution at 20°C

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more
  • Density - Density of different solid materials, liquids and gases. Definitions and convertion calculators.

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