Solids - Specific Heats

A comprehensive list of some common solids as brick, cement, glass and many more - and their specific heats - imperial and SI units

Specific heat of some common used solids:

ProductSpecific Heat
- cp -
(Btu/lbmoF)
(kcal/kgoC)
(kJ/kg K)
Agate 0.19 0.80
Aluminum bronze 0.10 0.44
Aluminum, 0oC 0.21 0.87
Antimony 0.05 0.21
Apatite 0.2 0.84
Arsenic 0.083 0.35
Artificial wool 0.32 1.36
Asbestos cement board 0.2 0.84
Asbestos mill board 0.2 0.84
Ashes 0.2 0.84
Asphalt 0.22 0.92
Augite 0.19 0.80
Bakelite. wood filler 0.33 1.38
Bakelite. asbestos filler 0.38 1.59
Barite 0.11 0.46
Barium 0.07 0.29
Basalt rock 0.2 0.84
Beeswax 0.82 3.40
Beryl 0.2 0.84
Beryllium 0.24 1.02
Bismuth 0.03 0.13
Boile scale 0.19 0.80
Bone 0.11 0.44
Borax 0.24 1.0
Boron 0.31 1.3
Brass 0.09 0.38
Brick, common 0.22 0.9
Brick, hard 0.24 1
Bronze, phosphor 0.09 0.38
Cadmium 0.06 0.25
Calcite 32 - 100F 0.19 0.8
Calcite 32 - 212F 0.2 0.84
Calcium 0.15 0.63
Calcium carbonat 0.18 0.76
Calcium sulfate 0.27 1.1
Carbon, Diamond 0.12 0.52
Carbon, Graphite 0.17 0.71
Carborundum 0.16 0.67
Cassiterite 0.09 0.38
Cement dry 0.37 1.55
Cement powder 0.2 0.84
Cellulose 0.37 1.6
Celluloid 0.36 1.5
Charcoal 0.24 1
Chalk 0.22 0.9
Chalcopyrite 0.13 0.54
Charcoal, wood 0.24 1
Chromium 0.12 0.5
Clay 0.22 0.92
Coal, anthracite 0.3 1.26
Coal, bituminous 0.33 1.38
Cobalt 0.11 0.46
Coke 0.2 0.85
Concrete, stone 0.18 0.75
Concrete, light 0.23 0.96
Constantan 0.098 0.41
Copper 0.09 0.39
Cork, Corkboard 0.45 1.9
Corundum 0.1 0.42
Cotton 0.32 1.34
Diamond 0.15 0.63
Dolomite rock 0.22 0.92
Duralium 0.22 0.92
Earth, dry 0.3 1.26
Electron 0.24 1.00
Emery 0.23 0.96
Fats 0.46 1.93
Fiberboard, light 0.6 2.5
Fiber hardboard 0.5 2.1
Fire brick 0.25 1.05
Fluorite 0.22 0.92
Fluorspar 0.21 0.88
Galena 0.05 0.21
Garnet 0.18 0.75
Glass 0.2 0.84
Glass, crystal 0.12 0.5
Glass, plate 0.12 0.5
Glass, Pyrex 0.18 0.75
Glass, window 0.2 0.84
Glass-wool 0.16 0.67
Gold 0.03 0.13
Granite 0.19 0.79
Graphite 0.17 0.71
Gypsum 0.26 1.09
Hairfelt 0.5 2.1
Hermatite 0.16 0.67
Hornblende 0.2 0.84
Hypersthene 0.19 0.8
Ice -112oF 0.35 1.47
Ice -40oF 0.43 1.8
Ice -4oF 0.47 1.97
Ice 32oF (0oC) 0.49 2.09
India rubber min 0.27 1.13
India rubber max 0.98 4.1
Ingot iron 0.12 0.49
Iodine 0.052 0.218
Iridium 0.03 0.13
Iron, 20oC 0.11 0.46
Labradorite 0.19 0.8
Lava 0.2 0.84
Limestone 0.217 0.91
Litharge 0.21 0.88
Lead 0.03 0.13
Leather, dry 0.36 1.5
Lithium 0.86 3.58
Magnetite 0.16 0.67
Malachite 0.18 0.75
Manganese 0.11 0.46
Magnesia (85%) 0.2 0.84
Magnesium 0.25 1.05
Marble, mica 0.21 0.88
Mercury 0.03 0.14
Mica 0.12 0.5
Mineral wool blanket 0.2 0.84
Molybdenum 0.065 0.27
Nickel 0.011 0.46
Oliglocose 0.21 0.88
Orthoclose 0.19 0.8
Osmium 0.03 0.13
Oxide of chrome 0.18 0.75
Paper 0.33 1.34
Paraffin wax 0.7 2.9
Peat 0.45 1.88
Phosphorbronze 0.086 0.36
Phosphorus 0.19 0.80
Pig iron, white 0.13 0.54
Pinchbeck 0.09 0.38
Pit coal 0.24 1.02
Plaster, light 0.24 1
Plaster, sand 0.22 0.9
Plastics, foam 0.3 1.3
Plastics, solid 0.4 1.67
Platinum, 0oC 0.032 0.13
Porcelain 0.26 1.07
Potassium 0.13 0.54
Pyrex glass 0.2 0.84
Pyrolusite 0.16 0.67
Pyroxylin plastics 0.36 1.51
Quartz mineral 55 - 212oF 0.19 0.8
Quartz mineral 32oF (0oC) 0.17 0.71
Red lead 0.022 0.09
Red metal 0.09 0.38
Rhenium 0.033 0.14
Rhodium 0.057 0.24
Rock salt 0.22 0.92
Rosin 0.31 1.30
Rubber 0.48 2.01
Rubidium 0.079 0.33
Salt 0.21 0.88
Sand, dry 0.19 0.80
Sandstone 0.22 0.92
Sawdust 0.21 0.9
Selenium 0.078 0.33
Serpentine 0.26 1.09
Silica aerogel 0.2 0.84
Silicon 0.18 0.75
Silicon, carbide 0.16 0.67
Silk 0.33 1.38
Silver, 20oC 0.056 0.23
Slate 0.18 0.76
Sodium 0.3 1.26
Soil, dry 0.19 0.80
Soil, wet 0.35 1.48
Steatite 0.2 0.83
Steel 0.12 0.49
Stone 0.2 0.84
Stoneware 0.19 0.8
Sulphur, sulfur 0.17 0.71
Tantalium 0.033 0.14
Tar 0.35 1.47
Tellurium 0.05 0.21
Thorium 0.033 0.14
Tile hollow 0.15 0.63
Timber, see wood
Tin 0.057 0.24
Titanium 0.11 0.47
Topaz 0.21 0.88
Tungsten 0.03 0.134
Uranium 0.028 0.12
Vanadium 0.12 0.5
Vermiculite 0.2 0.84
Vulcanite 0.33 1.38
Wax 0.82 3.43
Welding iron 0.12 0.52
White metal 0.035 0.15
Wood, balsa 0.7 2.9
Wood, oak 0.48 2
Wood, white pine 0.6 2.5
Wool, loose 0.3 1.26
Wool, felt 0.33 1.38
Zinc 0.09 0.38
  • 1 Btu/lbmoF = 4.187 kJ/kg K = 1 kcal/kgoC
  • T (oC) = 5/9[T (oF) - 32]
  • T (oF) = [T (oC)](9/5) + 32

Heating Energy

The energy required to heat a product can be calculated as

q = cp m dt   (1)

where

q = heat required (kJ)

cp = specific heat (kJ/kg K, kJ/kg oC)

dt = temperature difference (K, oC)

Example - Required Heat to increase the Temperature in a Piece of Oak

If 10 kg of oak is heated from 20 oC to 50 oC - a temperature difference 30 oC (K), the heat required can be calculated as 

q = (2 kJ/kg K) (10 kg) (30 oC)

  = 600 kJ

If one hour (3600 s) is used to heat the oak - the power required can be calculated with the equation

P = q / t       (2)

where

P = power (kJ/s, kW)

t = time (s)

With values:

P = (600 kJ) / (3600 s)

   = 0.17 kW

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more

Related Documents

Tag Search

  • en: specific heat capacity capacities solids
  • es: capacidades de capacidad calorífica de sólidos específicos
  • de: spezifische Wärmekapazität Kapazitäten Feststoffe

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