Fuels - Densities and Specific Volumes

Densities and specific volumes of some common fuels - anthracite, butane, coke, oil, wood and more

The densities - ρ - and specific volumes of some common fuels can be found in the table below:

FuelDensity - ρ -Specific Volume - v -
(kg/m3)(lb/ft3)(m3/1000 kg)(ft3 per ton)
Anthracite 720 - 850 45 - 53 1.2 - 1.4 42 - 50
Bituminous coal 690 - 800 43 - 50 1.2 - 1.5 45 - 52
Butane (gas) 2.5
Charcoal, hard wood 149 9.3 6.7 240
Charcoal, soft wood 216 13.5 4.6 165
Coke 375 - 500 23.5 - 31 2.0 - 2.7 72 - 95
Diesel 1D   54.6    
Diesel 2D   53    
Diesel 4D   59.9    
Gas oil 835 52 1.2 43
Gasoline   44.9    
Fuel Oil No.1   54.6    
Fuel Oil No.2   57.4    
Heavy fuel oil 930 58 1.1 36
Kerosene 790 49.9 1.3 47
Natural gas (gas) 0.7 - 0.9
Peat 310 - 400 19.5 - 25 2.5 - 3.2 90 - 115
Propane (gas) 1.7
Wood 360 - 385 22.5 - 24 2.5 - 2.8 90 - 100

Related Topics

  • Combustion - Boiler house topics - fuels like oil, gas, coal, wood - chimneys, safety valves, tanks - combustion efficiency
  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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