Metals - Specific Heats

Common metals - aluminum, iron, mercury and many more - and their specific heats - imperial and SI units

The specific heat of common metals are indicated in the table below:

MetalSpecific Heat - cp
(kJ/kg K) (kcal/kgoC) (Btu/lbmoF)
Aluminum 0.91 0.22 0.22
Antimony 0.21 0.05 0.05
Barium 0.20 0.048 0.048
Beryllium 1.83 0.436 0.436
Bismuth 0.13 0.03 0.03
Cadmium 0.23 0.055 0.055
Calsium 0.63 0.15 0.15
Carbon Steel 0.49 0.12 0.12
Cast Iron 0.46 0.11 0.11
Cesium 0.24 0.057 0.057
Chromium 0.46 0.11 0.11
Cobalt 0.42 0.1 0.1
Copper 0.39 0.092 0.09
Gallium 0.37 0.088 0.088
Germanium 0.32 0.076 0.076
Gold 0.13 0.031 0.03
Hafnium 0.14 0.033 0.033
Indium 0.24 0.057 0.057
Iridium 0.13 0.031 0.31
Iron 0.45 0.108 0.11
Lanthanum 0.195 0.047 0.047
Lead 0.13 0.031 0.03
Lithium 3.57 0.85 0.85
Lutetium 0.15 0.036 0.036
Magnesium 1.05 0.243 0.25
Manganese 0.48 0.114 0.114
Mercury 0.14 0.033 0.03
Molybdenum 0.25 0.06 0.06
Nickel 0.44 0.104 0.10
Niobium (Columbium) 0.27 0.064 0.064
Osmium 0.13 0.031 0.031
Palladium 0.24 0.057 0.057
Platinum 0.13 0.032 0.03
Plutonium 0.13 0.032 0.032
Potassium 0.75 0.180 0.180
Rhenium 0.14 0.033 0.033
Rhodium 0.24 0.058 0.058
Rubidium 0.36 0.086 0.086
Ruthenium 0.24 0.057 0.057
Scandium 0.57 0.14 0.14
Selenium 0.32 0.077 0.077
Silicon 0.71 0.17 0.17
Silver 0.23 0.057 0.057
Sodium 1.21 0.29 0.29
Strontium 0.30 0.072 0.072
Tantalum 0.14 0.034 0.034
Thallium 0.13 0.03 0.03
Thorium 0.13 0.03 0.03
Tin 0.21 0.054 0.05
Titanium 0.54 0.125 0.13
Tungsten 0.13 0.032 0.032
Uranium 0.12 0.028 0.028
Vanadium 0.39 0.116 0.116
Yttrium 0.30 0.072 0.072
Zinc 0.39 0.093 0.09
Zirconium 0.27 0.06 0.06
Wrought Iron 0.50 0.12 0.12
  • 1 J/(kg K) = 2.389x10-4 kcal/(kg oC) = 2.389x10-4 Btu/(lbm oF)
  • 1 kJ/(kg K) = 0.2389 kcal/(kg oC) = 0.2389 Btu/(lbm oF)
  • 1 Btu/(lbm oF) = 4,186.8 J/ (kg K) = 1 kcal/(kg oC)
  • 1 kcal/(kg oC) = 4,186.8 J/ (kg K) = 1 Btu/(lbm oF)

Example - Heating Carbon Steel

2 kg of carbon steel is heated from 20 oC to 100 oC. Specific heat of carbon steel is 0.49 kJ/kg0C and the heat required can be calculated as

dQ = 2 (kg) 0.49 (kJ/kg0C) (100 (oC) - 20 (oC)) 

     = 78.4 (kJ)

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

Related Documents

Tag Search

  • en: specific heat capacity metals

Search the Engineering ToolBox

- "Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!"

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Edition - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox - draw and model technical applications

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Edition - add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping and more - to your SketchUp model - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro. Add from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Translate the Engineering ToolBox!
About the Engineering ToolBox!

close