Freezing and flash points of ethanol based water solutions or brines
Freezing Point of Ethanol based Water Solutions
(% by volume)
Flash Points of Ethanol based Water Solutions
The flash point of a chemical is the lowest temperature where it will evaporate enough fluid to form a combustible concentration of gas. The flash point is an indication of how easy a chemical may burn.
(% by weight)
- HIGH flammability if pure
Alternatives to Ethanol based Water Solutions
- ethylene glycol based water solutions
- propylene glycol based water solutions
- methanol based water solutions
Example - Ethanol Concentration at Freezing Point at -20oC
The ethanol concentration with freezing point at -20oC can be calculated by interpolating the concentration between freezing point -15oC and -23oC in the table above.
(((40%) - (30%)) / ((-23oC) - (-15oC))) ((-15oC) - (-20oC)) + (30%) = 37.3 %
This calculation is simplified by assuming that the concentration vs. freezing point follows a straight line. This not necessary correct.
If a 90% ethanol-water solution shall be mixed with clean water to achieve a freezing point of -20oC (ethanol concentration 37.3% (0.373)) - the amount of added water can be calculated with volume balance - the amount of ethanol before mix is the same as after the mix:
cs Vs = cm (Vs + Vw) (1)
cs = concentration in ethanol - water solution
Vs = volume of the ethanol - water solution (liter, gallon)
cs = concentration in mix
Vm = volume of mix (liter, gallon)
Vw = volume of the added clean water (liter, gallon)
Rearranging the equation to express the volume of water added to the mixture
Vw = (cs - cm) Vs / cm (1b)
Substituting with values
Vw = (0.9 - 0.373) Vs / 0.373
= 1.41 Vs
- for every liter 90% ethanol-water solution 1.41 liter of clean water must be mixed in to achieve an ethanol concentration of 37.3% and freezing point -20oC.
- en: ethanol water freezing flash point
- es: etanol punto de inflamación de congelación del agua
- de: Ethanol-Wasser-Frostflammpunkt