# Insulation

## Heat transfer and heat loss from buildings and technical applications - insulation methods and coefficients to reduce energy consumption

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### Building Elements - Heat Loss and Thermal Resistivity

Thermal resistance in common building elements - like walls, floors and roofs above and below the ground

### Calcium Silicate Insulation

Thermal conductivity - temperature and k-values

### Conductive Heat Transfer

Heat transfer takes place as conduction in a soilid if there is a temperature gradient

### Copper Pipes - Insulation and Heat Loss

Heat loss to surrounding air from insulated copper tubes

### Duct Wrap Insulation

Thermal resistance to heat flow of unfaced and faced duct wrap insulation

### Fiberglass Insulation

Thermal conductivity - temperature and k-values

### Heat Exchangers - Arithmetic and Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference

Arithmetic Mean Temperature Difference - *AMTD* - and Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference - *LMTD* - formulas with examples - Online Mean Temperature Calculator

### Heat Loss Diagrams of Insulated Pipes

Heat loss *(W/m)* diagrams for insulated pipesĀ - ranging *1/2 - 6 inches* - insulation thickness *10 - 80 mm* - temperature differences *20 - 180 deg C*

### Heat Loss Diagrams of Insulated Pipes

Heat loss *(W/ft)* diagrams for insulated pipesĀ - ranging *1/2 - 6 inches* - insulation thickness* 0.5 - 4 inches* - temperature difference *50 - 350 deg F *

### Heat Loss from Pipes Calculator

Online heat loss from pipes and tubes calculator

### Heat Loss from Uninsulated Copper Tubes

Heat loss from uninsulated copper pipes - dimensions ranging *1/2 - 4 inches*

### Heat Losses from Pipe Bare Surfaces

Heat losses from bare surfaces - surface temperatures in deg F and deg C

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### Heat Tracing Wrapping Factor

Heat tracing wrapping factor when heat loss from pipe or tube is higher than cable capacity

### Insulation Materials and Temperature Ranges

Temperature limits of some common insulation materials

### Insulation of Cooling Systems

Insulation thickness of cooling systems

### Mineral Wool Insulation

Thermal conductivity - Temperature and k-values

### Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Calculate overall heat transfer coefficients for walls or heat exchangers

### Perlite Insulation

Thermal conductivity - temperature and k-values

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### Pipes and Tubes - Recommended Insulation Thickness

Insulation thickness of heating systems - hot water - low, medium and high pressure steam - systems

### Polyurethane Insulation

Thermal conductivity - temperature and k-values

### Radiation Emissivities of common Materials

Radiation emissivities of some common materials - Water, Ice, Snow, Grass ..

### Radiation Heat Transfer

Heat transfer due to emission of electromagnetic waves is known as thermal radiation

### Steel Pipes - Heat Loss Diagram

Heat loss from steel pipes and tubes - dimensions ranging *1/2 - 12 inches *

### Thermal Conductivity of Materials and Gases

Thermal conductivity of some common materials and gases - like insulation, aluminum, asphalt, brass, copper, steel ...

### Vapour Resistance

Passage of vapor through building materials