# Bulk Modulus - Metals and Alloys

## Bulk modulus of some common metals and alloys

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The Bulk Modulus of a substance measures the substance's resistance to uniform compression. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity is the ratio of stress to change in volume of a material subjected to axial loading.

Material | Bulk Modulus | |

(10^{6} psi) | (GPa) | |

Aluminum, various alloys | 9.9 - 10.2 | 68 - 70 |

Brass, 70-30 | 15.7 | 108 |

Brass, cast | 16.8 | 116 |

Copper | 17.9 | 123 |

Iron, cast | 8.4 - 15.5 | 58 - 107 |

Iron, malleable | 17.2 | 119 |

Magnesium alloy | 4.8 | 33.1 |

Monel metal | 22.5 | 155 |

Phosphor bronze | 16.3 | 112 |

Stainless Steels 18-8 | 23.6 | 163 |

Steel, cast | 20.2 | 139 |

Steel, cold rolled | 23.1 | 159 |

Steel, various | 22.6 - 24.0 | 156 - 165 |

Bulk Modulus is related to Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson's Ratio as

K = E / 3 (1 - 2 r) (1)

where

K = Bulk Modulus

E = Modulus of Elasticity

r = Poisson's Ratio

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