Liquids and Fluids - Specific Gravities - SG

Specific gravities for common fluids and liquids - acetone, alcohol, turpentine, oil and more ..

Specific Gravity - SG - is a dimensionless unit defined as the ratio of density of the substance to the density of water at a specified temperature. Specific Gravity for some common liquids or fluids are indicated in the table below.

Product Temperature Specific Gravity
SG 1)
oF oC
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO 61
68
16.1
20
0.79
0.76
Acetic acid 5% - vinegar 59 15 1.006
Acetic acid - 10% 59 15 1.014
Acetic acid - 50% 59 15 1.061
Acetic acid - 80% 59 15 1.075
Acetic acid - concentrated 59 15 1.055
Acetic acid anhydride (CH3COO)2O 59 15 1.087
Acetone CH3COCH3 68 20 0.792
Alcohol - allyl 68 20 0.855
Alcohol - butyl-n 68
158
20
70
0.81
0.78
Alcohol - ethyl (grain) C2H5OH 68
104
20
40
0.789
0.772
Alcohol - methyl (wood) CH3OH 68 20 0.79
Alcohol - propyl 68
32
20
0
0.804
0.817
Aluminum sulfate 36% solution 60 15.6 1.055
Ammonia 0 -17.8 0.662
Aniline 68
32
20
0
1.022
1.035
Automotive crankcase oils
SAE-5W/10W/20W/30W/40W/50W
60 15.6 0.88-0.94
Automotive gear oils
SAE-75W/80W/85W/90W/140W/150W
60 15.6 0.88-0.94
Beer 60 15.6 1.01
Benzene (benzol) C6H6 32
60
0
15.6
0.899
0.885
Benzine 0.69
Bone oil 60 15.6 0.918
Boric acid H3BO3 46.4
59
8
15
1.014
1.025
Bromine 32 0 2.9
Butane-n 60 15.6 0.584
Butyric acid 68 20 0.959
Calcium chloride 5% 65 18.3 1.040
Calcium chloride 25% 60 15.6 1.23
Carbolic acid (phenol) 65 18.3 1.08
Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 68 20 1.594
Carbon disulfide CS2 32
68
0
20
1.293
1.263
Castor Oil 68
104
20
40
0.96
0.95
China wood oil 60 15.6 0.943
Chloroform 68
140
20
60
1.489
1.413
Coconut oil 60 15.6 0.925
Cod liver oil 59 15 0.920-0.925
Corn oil 60 15.6 0.924
Cotton seed oil 60 15.6 0.88-0.93
Creosote 60 15.6 1.04-1.10
Crude oil 48o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.79
0.76
Crude oil 40o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.825
0.805
Crude oil 35.6o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.847
0.824
Crude oil 32.6o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.832
0.84
Crude oil Salt creek 60
130
15.6
54.4
0.843
0.82
Decane-n 68 20 0.73
Diethylene glycol 60 15.6 1.12
Diethyl ether 68 20 0.714
Diphenylamine 1.16
Diesel Fuel Oil 2D/3D/4D/5D 60 15.6 0.81 - 0.96
Dowtherm 77 25 1.056
Ether, sulfuric 0.72
Ethyl acetate CH3COOC2H3 59
68
15
20
0.907
0.90
Ethyl bromide C2H3Br 59 15 1.45
Ethylene bromide 68 20 2.18
Ethylene chloride 68 20 1.246
Ethylene glycol 60 15.6 1.125
Fluoric acid 1.50
Formic acid - 10% 68 20 1.025
Formic acid - 50% 68 20 1.121
Formic acid - 80% 68 20 1.186
Formic acid - concentrated 68 20 1.221
Freon - 11 70 21.1 1.49
Freon - 12 70 21.1 1.33
Freon - 21 70 21.1 1.37
Furfurol 68 20 1.159
Fuel oils 1/2/3/5A/5B/6 60 15.6 0.82-0.95
Gas oils 60 15.6 0.89
Gasoline a 60 15.6 0.74
Gasoline b 60 15.6 0.72
Gasoline c 60 15.6 0.68
Glycerine 100% 68 20 1.26
Glycerine 50% water 68 20 1.13
Glucose 60 15.6 1.35-1.44
Heptane-n 60 15.6 0.688
Hexane-n 60 15.6 0.664
Ink printers 60 15.6 1.0-1.4
Kerosene 60 15.6 0.78-0.82
Jet fuel 60 15.6 0.82
Lard 60 15.6 0.96
Lard oil 60 15.6 0.91-0.93
Linseed oil 60 15.6 0.92-0.94
Mercury 60 15.6 13.6
Methyl acetate 68 20 0.93
Methyl iodide 68 20 2.28
Mineral oil 0.92
Milk 60 15.6 1.02-1.05
Molasses A first 60 15.6 1.40-1.46
Molasses B second 60 15.6 1.43-1.48
Molasses C blackstrap 60 15.6 1.46-1.49
Muriatic acid 1.20
Naphtha 0.76
Naphthalene 68 20 1.145
Neatsfoot oil 60 15.6 0.917
Nitric acid 1.50
Nitrobentzene 68
59
20
15
1.203
1.205
Nonane-n 60
68
15.6
20
0.722
0.718
Octane-n 60 15.6 0.707
Olive oil 60 15.6 0.91 - 0.92
Palm oil 60 15.6 0.924
Peanut oil 60 15.6 0.92
Pentane-n 32
60
0
15.6
0.650
0.631
Petroleum oil 0.82
Phosphoric acid 1.78
Potassium hydrate 1.24
Rape oil 0.92
Sodium chloride 1.19
Sodium hydrate 1.27
Sulphuric acid 1.84
Tar 1.00
Tuluol 0.87
Turpentine oil 0.87
Vinegar 1.08
Water. fresh 1
Water. sea 36 oF 1.02
Whale oil 0.92
Xylene 0.87

1) Based on water at 60 oF and SG = 1

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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