Densities of Miscellaneous Solids

Solids - densities or weights

Densities of some solids are indicated below.

Solid Density
(103 kg/m3) (lb/ft3)*
ABS   66
Acetals 1.42
Agate 2.5 - 2.6 156 - 168
Acrylic   74
Agate 2.6
Alabaster carbonate 2.7 - 2.8 168 - 173
Alabaster sulfate 2.3 143
Alum, lumpy 0.881 55
Alum, pulverized 0.752 47
Alumina (aluminium oxide) 3.95 - 4.1 247 - 256
Aluminum 2.7 167
Aluminum Bronze   486
Albite 2.6 - 2.65 163 - 165
Alloys    
Amber 1.06 - 1.1 66 - 69
Amphiboles 2.9 - 3.2 180 - 200
Andesite, solid 2.77 173
Anorthite 2.74 - 2.76 171 - 172
Antimony, cast 6.7 418
Arsenic 4.7 291
Artificial Wool 1.5
Asbestos 2.0 - 2.8 125 - 175
Asbestos, shredded 0.35 22
Asbestos, solid 2.45 153
Ashes 0.65 41
Asphalt, compacted 2.36 147
Asphalt, crushed 0.72 45
Bakelite 1.36 85
Baking powder 0.72 45
Balsa Wood 0.13
Barite, crushed 2.89 180
Barium 3.78 236
Bark, wood refuse 0.24 15
Barytes 4.5
Basalt 2.4 - 3.1 150 - 190
Bauxite, crushed 1.28 80
Beeswax 0.96 60 - 61
Beryl 2.7 168
Beryllium 1.85
Biotite 2.7 - 3.1 170 - 190
Bismuth 9.8 607
Boiler scale 2.5
Bone 1.7 - 2.0 106 - 125
Bone, pulverized 0.88 55
Borax, fine 0.85 53
Brass 8.48
Bronce 8.83
Brown iron ore 5.1
Brick 1.4 - 2.4 87 - 137
Brick, fire   143
Brick, hard   125
Brick, pressed   137
Brickwork in cement   112
Brickwork in mortar   100
Butter 0.87 53
Cadmium 8.64
Calamine 4.1 - 4.5 255 - 280
Calcium 1.55
Calcspar 2.6 - 2.8 162 - 175
Camphor 1 62
Carbon 3.51
Caoutchouc 0.9 - 1 57 - 62
Cardboard 0.7 43
Cast Iron 7.2
Celluloid 1.4 87
Cellulose, cotton, wood pulp, regenerated 1.48 - 1.53
Cellulose acetat, moulded 1.22 - 1.34
Cellulose acetat, sheet 1.28 - 1.32
Cellulose nitrate, celluloid 1.35 - 1.4
Chlorinated polyether 1.4
Cement, set 2.7 - 3 170 - 190
Cement, Portland 1.5 94
Cerium 6.77
Chalk 1.9 - 2.8 118 - 175
Charcoal, oak 0.6 35
Charcoal, pine 0.3 - 0.4 18 - 28
Chromium 7.1
Chrom oxide 5.21
Cinnabar 8.1 507
Clay 1.8 - 2.6 112 - 162
Coal, anthracite 1.4 - 1.8 87 - 112
Coal, bituminous 1.2 - 1.5 75 - 94
Cobalt 8.8
Cocoa, butter 0.9 56
Coke 1 - 1.7 62 - 105
Concrete, lightweight 0.45 - 1.0  
Concrete, medium 1.3 - 1.7
Concrete, dense 2.0 - 2.4
Constantan 8.89
Copal 1 - 1.15 65 - 71
Copper 8.79
Cork 0.2 - 0.25 14 - 16
Cork, linoleum 0.55 34
Corundum 4.0 247
CPVC   97
Lead Crystal 3.1 192
Diamond 3 - 3.5 188 - 220
Dolomite 2.8 177
Duralium 2.8
Earth, loose   75
Earth, rammed   100
Ebonite 1.15 72
Emery 4 250
Electron 1.8
Epidote 3.2 - 3.5 203 - 218
Epoxy cast resin 1.11 - 1.4
Epoxy glass fibre 1.5
Expanded polystyrene 0.015 - 0.03
Feldspar 2.6 - 2.8 159 - 172
Fire brick 1.8 - 2.2
Flint 2.6 164
Fluorite 3.2 198
Galena 7.3 - 7.6 460 - 470
Gallium 5.9 366
Gamboge 1.2 75
Garnet 3.2 - 4.3 197 - 268
Gas carbon 1.9 117
Gelatin 1.3 79
Germanium 5.32 330
Glass, common 2.4 - 2.8 150 - 175
Glass, flint 2.9 - 5.9 180 - 370
Glass, Pyrex 2.21
Glass-wool 0.025
Glue 1.3 79
Gneiss 2.69 168
Gold 19.29
Granite 2.6 - 2.8 165 - 172
Graphite 2.3 - 2.7 144 - 170
Gum arabic 1.3 - 1.4 81 - 87
Gypsum 2.3 144
Hematite 4.9 - 5.3 306 - 330
Hornblende 3 187
Ice 0.917 57.2
Iron 7.87 488
Iodine 4.95
Iridium 22.5
Ivory 1.8 - 1.9 114 - 120
Lead 11.35
Leather, dry 0.86 54
Lime, slaked 1.35 84
Limestone 2.7 -2.8 167 - 171
Linoleum 1.2 74
Lithium 0.53
Magnesia 3.2 - 3.6
Magnesium 1.74
Magnetite 4.9 - 5.2 306 - 324
Malachite 3.7 - 4.1 231 - 256
Manganese 7.43
Marble 2.6 - 2.8 160 - 177
Meerschaum 1 - 1.3 62 - 80
Metals    
Mica 2.6 - 3.2 165 - 200
Mineral wool quilt 0.05
Molybdenum 10.2
Muscovite 2.8 - 3 172 - 187
Nickel 8.9
Nylon-6 1.12 - 1.17
Nylon-66 1.13 - 1.15
Oak 0.72
Ochre 3.5 218
Opal 2.2 137
Osmium 22.48
Palladium 12.0
Paper 0.7 - 1.15 44 - 72
Paraffin 0.9 55
Peat blocks 0.85 52
Phenolic cast resin 1.24 - 1.32
Phosphorbronce 8.8
Phosphorus 1.82
Pinchbeck 8.65
Pitch 1.1 67
Pit coal 1.35
Platinum 21.5
Polyacrylonitrile 1.16 - 1.18
Polycarbonates 1.2
Polyethylene, PEH 0.91 - 0.97
Polypropylene 0.9
Polystyrene 1.03
Polyurethane foam 0.03
Porcelain 2.3 - 2.5 143 - 156
Porphyry 2.6 - 2.9 162 - 181
Potassium 0.86
Pressed wood, pulp board 0.19 12
Polytetrafluoroethylene, PTFE, teflon 2.17
Polyvinyl chloride, PVC 1.39
Pyrite 4.9 - 5.1 309 - 318
Quartz 2.65 165
Radium 5
Red lead 8.6 - 9.1
Red metal 8.8
Resin 1.07 67
Rhenium 21.4
Rhodium 12.3
Rock salt 2.2 136
Rock wool 0.22 - 0.39
Rosin 1.07
Rubber, hard 1.2 74
Rubber, soft commercial 1.1 69
Rubber, pure gum 0.91 - 0.93 57 - 58
Rubidium 1.52
Sand, dry 1.4 - 1.6
Sandstone 2.1 - 2.4 134 - 147
Selenium 4.4
Serpentine 2.5 - 2.65 156 - 165
Silica, fused transparent 2.2 138
Silica, translucent 2.1 129
Silicon 2.33 144
Silver 10.5
Slag 2 - 3.9 125 - 240
Slate 2.6 - 3.3 162 - 205
Snow 0.1
Soapstone 2.6 - 2.8 162 - 175
Sodium 0.98
Soot 1.6 - 1.7
Spermaceti 0.95 59
Starch 1.5 95
Steatite 2.6 - 2.7
Steel 7.82
Stone 2.3 - 2.8
Sulfur, cryst. 2.0
Sugar 1.6 99
Talc 2.7 - 2.8 168 - 174
Tallow, beef 0.95 59
Tallow, mutton 0.95 59
Tantalum 16.6
Tar 1.05 66
Tellurium 6.25
Thorium 11.7
Timber
Tin 7.28
Titanium 4.5
Topaz 3.5 - 3.6 219 - 223
Tourmaline 3 - 3.2 190 - 200
Tungsten 19.2
Uranium 19.1
Urea formaldehyde foam 0.08
Vanadium 6.1
Wax, sealing 1.8 112
White metal 7.5 - 10
Wood (seasoned)    
Wood wool slab 0.5 - 0.8
Zinc 7.12

 

  • 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

* Note that even if pounds per cubic foot is often used as a measure of density in the U.S., pounds are really a measure of force, not mass. Slugs are the correct measure of mass. You can divide pounds per cubic foot by 32.2 for a rough value in slugs.

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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