Densities of Solids

Solids - densities or weights

Densities of some common solids:

SolidDensity
(103 kg/m3) (lb/ft3)*
ABS  1.06 66
Acetals 1.42 87
Agate 2.5 - 2.6 156 - 168
Acrylic  1.19 74
Agate 2.6 162
Alabaster carbonate 2.7 - 2.8 168 - 173
Alabaster sulfate 2.3 143
Alum, lumpy 0.881 55
Alum, pulverized 0.752 47
Alumina (aluminium oxide) 3.95 - 4.1 247 - 256
Aluminum 2.7 167
Aluminum Bronze 7.7 481
Albite 2.6 - 2.65 163 - 165
Alloys    
Amber 1.06 - 1.1 66 - 69
Amphiboles 2.9 - 3.2 180 - 200
Andesite, solid 2.77 173
Anorthite 2.74 - 2.76 171 - 172
Antimony, cast 6.7 418
Arsenic 4.7 291
Artificial Wool 1.5 94
Asbestos 2.0 - 2.8 125 - 175
Asbestos, shredded 0.35 22
Asbestos, solid 2.45 153
Ashes 0.65 41
Asphalt, compacted 2.36 147
Asphalt, crushed 0.72 45
Bakelite 1.36 85
Baking powder 0.72 45
Balsa Wood 0.13 8.1
Barite, crushed 2.89 180
Barium 3.78 236
Bark, wood refuse 0.24 15
Barytes 4.5 281
Basalt 2.4 - 3.1 150 - 190
Bauxite, crushed 1.28 80
Beeswax 0.96 60 - 61
Beryl 2.7 168
Beryllium 1.85 115
Biotite 2.7 - 3.1 170 - 190
Bismuth 9.8 607
Boiler scale 2.5 156
Bone 1.7 - 2.0 106 - 125
Bone, pulverized 0.88 55
Borax, fine 0.85 53
Brass 8.48 529
Bronce 8.83 551
Brown iron ore 5.1 318
Brick 1.4 - 2.4 87 - 137
Brick, fire 2.3 143
Brick, hard 2 125
Brick, pressed 2.2 137
Brickwork in cement 1.8 112
Brickwork in mortar 1.6 100
Butter 0.87 53
Cadmium 8.64 539
Calamine 4.1 - 4.5 255 - 280
Calcium 1.55 97
Calcspar 2.6 - 2.8 162 - 175
Camphor 1 62
Carbon 3.51 219
Caoutchouc 0.9 - 1 57 - 62
Cardboard 0.7 43
Cast Iron 7.2 449
Celluloid 1.4 87
Cellulose, cotton, wood pulp, regenerated 1.48 - 1.53 92 - 95
Cellulose acetat, moulded 1.22 - 1.34 76 - 84
Cellulose acetat, sheet 1.28 - 1.32 80 - 82
Cellulose nitrate, celluloid 1.35 - 1.4 84 - 87
Chlorinated polyether 1.4 87
Cement, set 2.7 - 3 170 - 190
Cement, Portland 1.5 94
Cerium 6.77 422
Chalk 1.9 - 2.8 118 - 175
Charcoal, oak 0.6 35
Charcoal, pine 0.3 - 0.4 18 - 28
Chromium 7.1 443
Chrom oxide 5.21 325
Cinnabar 8.1 507
Clay 1.8 - 2.6 112 - 162
Coal, anthracite 1.4 - 1.8 87 - 112
Coal, bituminous 1.2 - 1.5 75 - 94
Cobalt 8.8 549
Cocoa, butter 0.9 56
Coke 1 - 1.7 62 - 105
Concrete, lightweight 0.45 - 1.0 28 - 62
Concrete, medium 1.3 - 1.7 81 - 106
Concrete, dense 2.0 - 2.4 125 - 150
Constantan 8.89 555
Copal 1 - 1.15 65 - 71
Copper 8.79 548
Cork 0.2 - 0.25 14 - 16
Cork, linoleum 0.55 34
Corundum 4.0 247
CPVC 1.6 97
Lead Crystal 3.1 192
Diamond 3 - 3.5 188 - 220
Dolomite 2.8 177
Duralium 2.8 175
Earth, loose 1.2 75
Earth, rammed 1.6 100
Ebonite 1.15 72
Emery 4 250
Electron 1.8 112
Epidote 3.2 - 3.5 203 - 218
Epoxy cast resin 1.11 - 1.4 69 - 87
Epoxy glass fibre 1.5 94
Expanded polystyrene 0.015 - 0.03 0.9 - 1.9
Feldspar 2.6 - 2.8 159 - 172
Fire brick 1.8 - 2.2 112 - 137
Flint 2.6 164
Fluorite 3.2 198
Galena 7.3 - 7.6 460 - 470
Gallium 5.9 366
Gamboge 1.2 75
Garnet 3.2 - 4.3 197 - 268
Gas carbon 1.9 117
Gelatin 1.3 79
Germanium 5.32 330
Glass, common 2.4 - 2.8 150 - 175
Glass, flint 2.9 - 5.9 180 - 370
Glass, Pyrex 2.21 138
Glass-wool 0.025 1.6
Glue 1.3 79
Gneiss 2.69 168
Gold 19.29 1204
Granite 2.6 - 2.8 165 - 172
Graphite 2.3 - 2.7 144 - 170
Gum arabic 1.3 - 1.4 81 - 87
Gypsum 2.3 144
Hematite 4.9 - 5.3 306 - 330
Hornblende 3 187
Ice 0.917 57.2
Iron 7.87 488
Iodine 4.95 309
Iridium 22.5 1404
Ivory 1.8 - 1.9 114 - 120
Lead 11.35 708
Leather, dry 0.86 54
Lime, slaked 1.35 84
Limestone 2.7 -2.8 167 - 171
Linoleum 1.2 74
Lithium 0.53 33
Magnesia 3.2 - 3.6 200 - 225
Magnesium 1.74 109
Magnetite 4.9 - 5.2 306 - 324
Malachite 3.7 - 4.1 231 - 256
Manganese 7.43 464
Marble 2.6 - 2.8 160 - 177
Meerschaum 1 - 1.3 62 - 80
Metals    
Mica 2.6 - 3.2 165 - 200
Mineral wool quilt 0.05 3.1
Molybdenum 10.2 636
Muscovite 2.8 - 3 172 - 187
Nickel 8.9 555
Nylon-6 1.12 - 1.17 70 - 73
Nylon-66 1.13 - 1.15 71 - 72
Oak 0.72 45
Ochre 3.5 218
Opal 2.2 137
Osmium 22.48 1403
Palladium 12.0 749
Paper 0.7 - 1.15 44 - 72
Paraffin 0.9 55
Peat blocks 0.85 52
Phenolic cast resin 1.24 - 1.32 77 - 82
Phosphorbronce 8.8 549
Phosphorus 1.82 114
Pinchbeck 8.65 540
Pitch 1.1 67
Pit coal 1.35 84
Platinum 21.5 1342
Polyacrylonitrile 1.16 - 1.18 72 - 74
Polycarbonates 1.2 75
Polyethylene, PEH 0.91 - 0.97 57 - 61
Polypropylene 0.9 56
Polystyrene 1.03 64
Polyurethane foam 0.03 1.9
Porcelain 2.3 - 2.5 143 - 156
Porphyry 2.6 - 2.9 162 - 181
Potassium 0.86 54
Pressed wood, pulp board 0.19 12
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) 2.17 135
Polyvinyl chloride, PVC 1.39 87
Pyrite 4.9 - 5.1 309 - 318
Quartz 2.65 165
Radium 5 312
Red lead 8.6 - 9.1 537 - 568
Red metal 8.8 549
Resin 1.07 67
Rhenium 21.4 1335
Rhodium 12.3 768
Rock salt 2.2 136
Rock wool 0.22 - 0.39 14 - 24
Rosin 1.07 67
Rubber, hard 1.2 74
Rubber, soft commercial 1.1 69
Rubber, pure gum 0.91 - 0.93 57 - 58
Rubidium 1.52 95
Sand, dry 1.4 - 1.6 87 - 100
Sandstone 2.1 - 2.4 134 - 147
Selenium 4.4 275
Serpentine 2.5 - 2.65 156 - 165
Silica, fused transparent 2.2 138
Silica, translucent 2.1 129
Silicon 2.33 144
Silver 10.5 655
Slag 2 - 3.9 125 - 240
Slate 2.6 - 3.3 162 - 205
Snow 0.1 6.2
Soapstone 2.6 - 2.8 162 - 175
Sodium 0.98 61
Soot 1.6 - 1.7 100 - 106
Spermaceti 0.95 59
Starch 1.5 95
Steatite 2.6 - 2.7 162 - 168
Steel 7.82 488
Stone 2.3 - 2.8 144 - 175
Sulfur, cryst. 2.0 125
Sugar 1.6 99
Talc 2.7 - 2.8 168 - 174
Tallow, beef 0.95 59
Tallow, mutton 0.95 59
Tantalum 16.6 1036
Tar 1.05 66
Tellurium 6.25 389
Thorium 11.7 730
Timber
Tin 7.28 454
Titanium 4.5 281
Topaz 3.5 - 3.6 219 - 223
Tourmaline 3 - 3.2 190 - 200
Tungsten 19.2 1198
Uranium 19.1 1192
Urea formaldehyde foam 0.08 5
Vanadium 6.1 381
Wax, sealing 1.8 112
White metal 7.5 - 10 468 - 624
Wood (seasoned)    
Wood wool slab 0.5 - 0.8 31 - 50
Zinc 7.12 444

 

  • 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

* Note that even if pounds per cubic foot is often used as a measure of density in the U.S., pounds are really a measure of force, not mass. Slugs are the correct measure of mass. You can divide pounds per cubic foot by 32.2 for a rough value in slugs.

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more

Related Documents

Tag Search

  • en: density densities solids
  • es: densidad de densidades de sólidos
  • de: Dichte Dichten Feststoffe

Search the Engineering ToolBox

- "Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!"

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox Extension to SketchUp - add parametric components to your SketchUp model

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your SketchUp model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension/Plugin - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Translate the Engineering ToolBox!
About the Engineering ToolBox!

close