Young Modulus of Elasticity for Metals and Alloys

Elastic properties and Youngs modulus for common metals and alloys as cast iron, carbon steel and more

It is convenient to express the elasticity of a material with the ratio stress to strain, a parameter also termed the tensile elastic modulus or Young's modulus of the material. This is usually given the symbol - E.

  • Young's modulus can be used to predict the elongation or compression of an object.

Modulus of Elasticity for some common metals at various temperatures according ASME B31.1-1995 are indicated below:

metals - modulus of elasticity diagram

  • 1 psi (lb/in2) = 1 psi (lb/in2) = 144 psf (lbf/ft2) = 6,894.8 Pa (N/m2) = 6.895x10-3 N/mm2
  • T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]
Young's Modulus of Elasticity - E - (106 psi)
Metal Temperature (oC)
-200 -129 -73 21 93 149 204 260 316 371 427 482 538 593 649
Temperature (oF)
-325 -200 -100 70 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
Cast iron
Gray cast iron 13.4 13.2 12.9 12.6 12.2 11.7 11.0 10.2
Steel
Carbon steel C <= 0.3% 31.4 30.8 30.2 29.5 28.8 28.3 27.7 27.3 26.7 25.5 24.2 22.4 20.4 18.0
Carbon steel C => 0.3% 31.2 30.6 30.0 29.3 28.6 28.1 27.5 27.1 26.5 25.3 24.0 22.2 20.2 17.9 15.4
Carbon-moly steels 31.1 30.5 29.9 29.2 28.5 28.0 27.4 27.0 26.4 25.3 23.9 22.2 20.1 17.8 15.3
Nickel steels Ni 2% - 9% 29.6 29.1 28.5 27.8 27.1 26.7 26.1 25.7 25.2 24.6 23.0
Cr-Mo steels Cr 1/2% - 2% 31.6 31.0 30.4 29.7 29.0 28.5 27.9 27.5 26.9 26.3 25.5 24.8 23.9 23.0 21.8
Cr-Mo steels Cr 2 1/4% - 3% 32.6 32.0 31.4 30.6 29.8 29.4 28.8 28.3 27.7 27.1 26.3 25.6 24.6 23.7 22.5
Cr-Mo steels Cr 5% - 9% 32.9 32.3 31.7 30.9 30.1 29.7 29.0 28.6 28.0 27.3 26.1 24.7 22.7 20.4 18.2
Chromium steels Cr 12%, 17%, 27% 31.2 30.7 30.1 29.2 28.5 27.9 27.3 26.7 26.1 25.6 24.7 23.2 21.5 19.1 16.6
Austenitic steels (TP304, 310, 316, 321, 347) 30.3 29.7 29.1 28.3 27.6 27.0 26.5 25.8 25.3 24.8 24.1 23.5 22.8 22.1 21.2
Copper and copper alloys
Comp. and leaded-Sn bronze (C83600, C92200) 14.8 14.6 14.4 14.0 13.7 13.4 13.2 12.9 12.5 12.0
Naval brass Si & Al bronze (C46400, C65500, C95200, C95400) 15.9 15.6 15.4 15.0 14.6 14.4 14.1 13.8 13.4 12.8
Copper (C11000) 16.9 16.6 16.5 16.0 15.6 15.4 15.0 14.7 14.2 13.7
Copper red brass Al-bronze (C10200, C12000, C12200, C12500, C14200,  C23000,  C61400) 18.0 17.7 17.5 17.0 16.6 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.1 14.5
Nickel and Nickel Alloys
Monel 400 (N04400) 27.8 27.3 26.8 26.0 25.4 25.0 24.7 24.3 24.1 23.7 23.1 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Titanium
Unalloyed titanium grades 1, 2, 3 and 7 15.5 15.0 14.6 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.9 11.2
Aluminum and aluminum alloys
Grades 443, 1060, 1100, 3003, 3004, 6063 11.1 10.8 10.5 10.0 9.6 9.2 8.7
  • 1 psi (lb/in2) = 6,894.8 N/m2 (Pa)
  • T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]

Note! You can use the pressure unit converter to switch between different units of Modulus of Elasticity.

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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