# Young's Modulus of Elasticity for Metals and Alloys

## Elastic properties and Young's modulus for metals and alloys like cast iron, carbon steel and more

It is convenient to express the elasticity of a material with the ratio stress to strain, a parameter also termed as the tensile elastic modulus or Young's modulus of the material - usually with the symbol - E.

• Young's modulus can be used to predict the elongation or compression of an object.

Modulus of Elasticity for some common metals at various temperatures according ASME B31.1-1995:

• 1 psi (lb/in2) = 1 psi (lb/in2) = 144 psf (lbf/ft2) = 6,894.8 Pa (N/m2) = 6.895x10-3 N/mm2
• T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]
Young's Modulus of Elasticity - E - (106 psi)
MetalTemperature (oC)
-200-129-732193149204260316371427482538593649
Temperature (oF)
-325-200-10070200300400500600700800900100011001200
Cast iron
Gray cast iron 13.4 13.2 12.9 12.6 12.2 11.7 11.0 10.2
Steel
Carbon steel C <= 0.3% 31.4 30.8 30.2 29.5 28.8 28.3 27.7 27.3 26.7 25.5 24.2 22.4 20.4 18.0
Carbon steel C => 0.3% 31.2 30.6 30.0 29.3 28.6 28.1 27.5 27.1 26.5 25.3 24.0 22.2 20.2 17.9 15.4
Carbon-molybdenum steels 31.1 30.5 29.9 29.2 28.5 28.0 27.4 27.0 26.4 25.3 23.9 22.2 20.1 17.8 15.3
Nickel steels Ni 2% - 9% 29.6 29.1 28.5 27.8 27.1 26.7 26.1 25.7 25.2 24.6 23.0
Cr-Mo steels Cr 1/2% - 2% 31.6 31.0 30.4 29.7 29.0 28.5 27.9 27.5 26.9 26.3 25.5 24.8 23.9 23.0 21.8
Cr-Mo steels Cr 2 1/4% - 3% 32.6 32.0 31.4 30.6 29.8 29.4 28.8 28.3 27.7 27.1 26.3 25.6 24.6 23.7 22.5
Cr-Mo steels Cr 5% - 9% 32.9 32.3 31.7 30.9 30.1 29.7 29.0 28.6 28.0 27.3 26.1 24.7 22.7 20.4 18.2
Chromium steels Cr 12%, 17%, 27% 31.2 30.7 30.1 29.2 28.5 27.9 27.3 26.7 26.1 25.6 24.7 23.2 21.5 19.1 16.6
Austenitic steels (TP304, 310, 316, 321, 347) 30.3 29.7 29.1 28.3 27.6 27.0 26.5 25.8 25.3 24.8 24.1 23.5 22.8 22.1 21.2
Copper and copper alloys
Comp. and leaded-Sn bronze (C83600, C92200) 14.8 14.6 14.4 14.0 13.7 13.4 13.2 12.9 12.5 12.0
Naval brass Si & Al bronze (C46400, C65500, C95200, C95400) 15.9 15.6 15.4 15.0 14.6 14.4 14.1 13.8 13.4 12.8
Copper (C11000) 16.9 16.6 16.5 16.0 15.6 15.4 15.0 14.7 14.2 13.7
Copper red brass Al-bronze (C10200, C12000, C12200, C12500, C14200,  C23000,  C61400) 18.0 17.7 17.5 17.0 16.6 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.1 14.5
Nickel and Nickel Alloys
Monel 400 (N04400) 27.8 27.3 26.8 26.0 25.4 25.0 24.7 24.3 24.1 23.7 23.1 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Titanium
Unalloyed titanium grades 1, 2, 3 and 7 15.5 15.0 14.6 14.0 13.3 12.6 11.9 11.2
Aluminum and aluminum alloys
Grades 443, 1060, 1100, 3003, 3004, 6063 11.1 10.8 10.5 10.0 9.6 9.2 8.7
• 1 psi (lb/in2) = 6,894.8 N/m2 (Pa)
• T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]

Note! You can use the pressure unit converter to switch between different units of Modulus of Elasticity.

## Related Topics

• Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more

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