Densities of some Common Materials

Density in Imperial and SI-units

Material Density 
(lbs/ft3) (kg/m3)
from to from to
ABS resin, pellet 45 - 721 -
Acetic acid, liquid 66 - - -
Acetone 49 - 785 -
Acrylic resin 33 - - -
Adipic acid, powder 45 - 721 -
Alcohol, ethyl 56 - - -
Alcohol, methyl 49 - 785 -
Alfalfa, ground 16 - - -
Almonds, shelled 30 35 481 561
Alum powder 50 - - -
Alumina 60 - 961 -
Aluminum hydrate 18 - - -
Aluminum oxide 60 100 961 1602
Aluminum silicate 35 45 - 721
Aluminum, powder 45 80 721 1281
Aluminum, shavings 7 15 - 240
Ammonium nitrate, prill 45 60 721 961
Ammunium sulphate 40 58 - 929
Apple seed 32 - 513 -
Asbestos fibers 20 25 - 400
Ash, coal, damp 45 50 721 801
Ash, coal, dry 35 45 - 721
Asphalt, liquid 65 - 1041 -
Aviation fuel (jp-4) 49 - - -
Bakalite, powder 30 40 481 641
Baking powder 40 45 - 721
Baking soda 70 80 1121 1281
Ball clay 25 - - -
Bagasse - exiting the final mill 7.5 - 120 -
Bagasse - stacked to 2 metre height (moisture = 44%) 11 - 176 -
Bark, wood refuse 10 20 160 320
Barley, flour 25 30 - 481
Barley, ground 25 30 400 481
Barley, kernal 35 40 - 641
Barley, malted 31 - 497 -
Bauxite, crushed 75 85 - 1362
Beans, caster 36 - 577 -
Beans, coffee 22 40 - 641
Beans, lima 45 - 721 -
Beans, navy 48 - - -
Beans, soy 45 47 721 753
Bentonite, lump 25 40 - 641
Bentonite, powder 50 60 801 961
Bicarbonate of soda 41 - - -
Blood, dry 35 45 561 721
Bone meal 55 60 - 961
Borate of lime 50 70 801 1121
Borax 50 70 - 1121
Boric acid powder 55 - 881 -
Bran, oat 25 - - -
Bran, wheat 15 20 240 320
Brewers grain 27 - - -
Brewers grits 33 - 529 -
Bronze chips 30 50 - 801
Buckwheat 34 42 545 673
Buckwheat flour 40 - - -
Butter 54 - 865 -
Buttermilk powder 25 30 - 481
Cake mix 30 40 481 641
Calcium carbide 75 - - -
Calcium carbonate 75 - 1201 -
Calcium oxide 27 - - -
Cane - whole stick, tangled and tamped down as in a cane transport vehicle 12.5 - 200 -
Cane - whole stick, neatly bundled 25 - 400 -
Cane - billetted 22 - 352 -
Cane - whole stick tangled, but loosely tipped into cane carrier 10 - 160 -
Cane - knifed 18 - 288 -
Cane - shredded 20 - 320 -
Carbide powder 100 - 1602 -
Carbon black powder 4 25 - 400
Carbon black, pellet 20 45 320 721
Carbon tetrachloride - - - -
Carbon, granulated, activated 50 60 801 961
Carbon, graphite 40 - - -
Casein powder 35 40 561 641
Cashew nuts 32 37 - 593
Caster beans 36 - 577 -
Cat food 20 25 - 400
Cellophane, flocking 5 - 80 -
Cellulose acetate 10 - - -
Cellulose, flocking 1.5 3 24 48
Cement powder, portland 85 95 - 1522
Cement, clinker 75 90 1201 1442
Cereal flake 12 - - -
Chalk, fine 70 75 1121 1201
Chalk, lump 85 90 - 1442
Charcoal 15 30 240 481
Chromium ore 135 - - -
Cinders, coal 40 50 641 801
Citric acid 55 - - -
Clay, attapulgus 55 - 881 -
Clay, ball 25 - - -
Clay, bentonite 51 - 817 -
Clay, calcined 80 - - -
Clay, dicalite 20 50 320 801
Clay, kaoline 20 60 - 961
Clay, sno-brite 15 50 240 801
Clay, whitex 15 50 - 801
Clinker, cement 80 - 1281 -
Clinker, coal 80 90 - 1442
Coal, ground 40 - 641 -
Coal, lump 45 55 - 881
Coconut, shredded 20 22 320 352
Coffee bean, green 32 45 - 721
Coffee bean, roasted 22 30 352 481
Coffee, ground 20 - - -
Coke, calcined, petrol 35 45 561 721
Copper ore 135 - - -
Copper oxide 190 - 3043 -
Cork, ground 5 15 - 240
Corn bran 13 - 208 -
Corn cob, ground 35 - - -
Corn, cracked 35 40 561 641
Corn, flaked 6 - - -
Corn, gern 21 - 336 -
Corn, gluten 26 33 - 529
Corn, grits 40 45 641 721
Corn, ground 30 35 - 561
Corn, meal 32 40 513 641
Corn, starch 25 35 - 561
Corn, sugar, liquid 88 - 1410 -
Corn, sugar, powder 31 - - -
Corn, whole kernel 45 - 721 -
Cotton blossoms 15 25 - 400
Cottonseed 22 40 352 641
Cottonseed hulls 12 - - -
Cottonseed meats 40 - 641 -
Cottonseed oil 58 - - -
Cottonseed, meal 35 40 561 641
Cream powder 38 - - -
Cullett, glass 120 - 1922 -
Dextrin 50 55 - 881
Dextrose 31 - 497 -
Diatomacaous earth 11 14 - 224
Dicalcium phosphate 43 - 689 -
Diesel fuel 52 - - -
Dirt, dry 65 80 1041 1281
Distillars grain 30 - - -
Dog food, IAMS minichunk 26 - 416 -
Dolomite, lump 88 99 - 1586
Dolomite, powdered 45 - 721 -
Down, goose 1 - - -
Ebonite, crushed 65 70 1041 1121
Emery, crushed 95 - - -
Epsom salt 40 50 641 801
Ethanol 56 - - -
Ethyl ether 44 - 705 -
Ethylene glycol 70 - - -
Expancel microsphere 0.8 - 13 -
Farina 44 - - -
Feathers, goose 1 - 16 -
Feed pellets, animal 32 38 - 609
Feldspar, ground 65 70 1041 1121
Ferrous sulphate 50 75 - 1201
Fertilizer, phosphate 60 - 961 -
Fish meal 25 40 - 641
Flax seed 40 45 641 721
Flour, barley 25 30 - 481
Flour, corn 30 34 481 545
Flour, patent 20 - - -
Flour, wheat 30 35 481 561
Flourospar 90 - - -
Fluff, poly-fim floc 1.5 2 24 32
Fly ash 35 45 - 721
Froot loops, kellogs 8 - 128 -
Fullers earth 35 45 - 721
Gasoline 45 - 721 -
Gelatine, granulated 32 - - -
Gilsonite 37 - 593 -
Glass bead 120 - - -
Glass cullett crushed 120 - 1922 -
Gluten, wheat 30 35 - 561
Glycerine 78 - 1249 -
Golf tees 15 - - -
Graphite, ground 25 30 400 481
Grass seed 10 35 - 561
Gravel 75 85 1201 1362
Grits, corn 40 45 - 721
Grits, rice 42 45 673 721
Gun powder 50 - - -
Gypsum, lump 90 100 1442 1602
Gypsum, powder 60 80 - 1281
Hay 5 24 80 384
HDPE, polethylene 35 40 - 641
Hominey 37 50 593 801
Hops 35 - - -
Hops, spent dry 35 - 561 -
Hydrochloric acid 75 - - -
Ice, crushed 55 - 881 -
Illmenite, ground 120 - - -
Iron chips 165 - 2643 -
Iron ore 150 - - -
Iron oxide 180 - 2883 -
Jet fuel, jp4 51 - - -
Kafir 40 45 641 721
Kalsomine, powder 32 - - -
Kaoline, crushed 20 22 320 352
Kerosene 51 - - -
Lactose 32 - 513 -
LDPE, polyethylene 35 - - -
Lead oxide 30 150 481 2403
Liginite 40 55 - 881
Lima beans dry 45 - 721 -
Lime, hydreated 25 30 - 481
Lime, pebble 55 65 881 1041
Lime, quicklime 25 30 - 481
Lime, slaked 32 - 513 -
Limestone, crushed 85 95 - 1522
Limestone, dust 68 - 1089 -
Linseed oil 58 - - -
Linseed, kernel 25 - 400 -
Maize, kernel 45 - - -
Malt sugar 30 35 481 561
Malt, dry, whole 30 35 - 561
Malt, ground, dry 20 - 320 -
Malt, spent, damp 55 65 - 1041
Malt, spent, dry 10 - 160 -
Maltodextrin powder 35 - - -
Maple syrup 85 - 1362 -
Marble, crushed 85 95 - 1522
Menthol 49 - 785 -
Metal dust 50 120 - 1922
Methanol 49 - 785 -
Methyl alcohol 49 - - -
Mica 13 30 208 481
Milk powder 15 20 - 320
Milk sugar 32 - 513 -
Miller, ground 35 - - -
Millet seed 48 - 769 -
Mineral oil 57 - - -
Mineral spirits 49 - 785 -
Molybdenum, floc 10 12 - 192
Monosodium phosphate 50 - 801 -
Muriate of potash 77 - - -
Mustard seed 45 - 721 -
Naphthalene 56 - - -
Napthalene flakes 45 - 721 -
Navy beans, dry 48 - - -
Nitrate of soda 68 - 1089 -
Nitric acid 94 - - -
Nitrocellulose 25 - 400 -
Nylon 35 45 - 721
Oat flour 30 35 481 561
Oat hulls 8 12 - 192
Oat meal 35 40 561 641
Oat middlings 35 45 - 721
Oats 25 35 400 561
Oats, bran 25 - - -
Oats, ground 25 30 400 481
Oats, rolled 24 - - -
Octane 45 - 721 -
Oil, linseed 58 - - -
Oil, olive 57 - 913 -
Oil, petroleum, crude 53 - - -
Oil, sperm whale 57 - 913 -
Oil, transformer 55 - - -
Oil, turpentine 54 - 865 -
Oxalic acid, crystals 60 - - -
Oyster shells, ground 53 - 849 -
Paper, shreaded 5 12 - 192
Paraffin wax 45 - 721 -
PC, polycarbonate 34 36 - 577
Peanut shell refuse 4 - 64 -
Peanuts, shelled 35 45 - 721
Peanuts, unshelled 15 24 240 384
Peas, dry 45 50 - 801
Peat 25 50 400 801
Perlite, expanded 3 - - -
Petroleum oil 51 - 817 -
Phosphate rock, crushed 60 80 - 1281
Phosphate sand 90 100 1442 1602
Plaster of Paris 50 55 - 881
Plastic pellet 34 48 545 769
Ployethylene, pellet 34 36 - 577
Ployvinyl chloride, powder 30 - 481 -
Polyethylene pellet 35 37 - 593
Polypropylene powder 25 - 400 -
Polypropylene, pellet 34 36 - 577
Polystyrene, expanded beads 1.5 - 24 -
Polystyrene, pellet 40 - - -
Polyvinyl chloride, pellet 48 52 769 833
Popcorn, popped 2-3 - - -
Popcorn, shelled 45 50 721 801
Potash 50 60 - 961
Potasium chloride 2 3 32 48
Potassium carbonate 45 50 - 801
Potassium chloride 75 - 1201 -
Potassium nitrate 76 - - -
Potassium sulphate 42 48 673 769
Potato flake 12 - - -
Potato starch 40 - 641 -
Pumice 40 45 - 721
PVC polyvinyl chloride 48 52 769 833
Quartz, sand 80 100 - 1602
Rape seed 45 50 721 801
Rice 45 50 - 801
Rice bran 20 - 320 -
Rice flour 30 - - -
Rice grits 42 45 673 721
Rubber, ground 25 50 - 801
Rye 44 - 705 -
Rye, flour 30 - - -
Salt, coarse crushed 45 55 721 881
Salt, granulated 70 80 - 1281
Saltpeter 75 - 1201 -
Sand, damp 100 - - -
Sand, dry 80 100 1281 1602
Sand, loose 90 - 1442 -
Sand with gravel, dry 108 - 1650 -
Sand with gravel, wet 125 - 2020 -
Sand, rammed 105 - 1682 -
Sand, silica 95 - - -
Sand, water filled 120 - 1922 -
Sand, wet 120 - 1922 -
Sand, wet, packed 130 - 2082 -
Sandstone, crushed 80 95 1281 1522
Sawdust 4 12 - 192
Sea water 64 - 1025 -
Semolina 35 40 - 641
Sesame seed 27 37 432 593
Shellac powder 30 35 - 561
Silica flour 35 40 561 641
Silica gel 30 45 - 721
Silica sand 95 - 1522 -
Slag, furnace 60 - - -
Slakes lime 32 - 513 -
Slate, crushed 80 90 - 1442
Soap powder 20 25 320 400
Soda ash 30 45 - 721
Sodium bicarbonate 41 - 657 -
Sodium chloride 70 - - -
Sodium hydroxide, flake 47 - 753 -
Sodium nitrate 68 80 - 1281
Sodium sulphate 80 - 1281 -
Sorghum seed 42 50 - 801
Soybean flour 27 35 432 561
Soybean hulls 6 - - -
Soybean meal 36 50 577 801
Soybean, flakes 18 25 - 400
Soybean, whole 47 - 753 -
Soybeean, cracked 35 - - -
Spelt flour 25 30 400 481
Starch powder 25 35 - 561
Steel, chips 150 - 2403 -
Sucrose - crystal 99 - 1586 -
Sucrose - amorphous 94 - 1507 -
Sugar, brown 45 - 721 -
Sugar, dextrose, powder 50 - - -
Sugar, granulated 53 - 849 -
Sugar, milk 32 - - -
Sugar, powdered 50 60 801 961
Sugar, raw 55 65 - 1041
Sulfuric acid 112 - 1794 -
Sulphur, crushed 55 70 - 1121
Sunflower seed 36 - 577 -
Talcum powder 4 62 - 993
Tar 72 - 1153 -
Tea leaves 12 - - -
Terephalic acid powder 45 - 721 -
Timothy seed 36 - - -
Tin oxide 100 - 1602 -
Titanium dioxide 40 50 - 801
Tobacco, flake 2 5 32 80
Toulene 54 - - -
Transmission oil 54 - 865 -
Trisodium phosphate 50 60 - 961
Urea, prill 34 42 545 673
Vermiculite ore 80 - - -
Vermiculite, expanded 17 - 272 -
Walnut meats 25 - - -
Walnut shells, ground 40 45 641 721
Water 62 - - -
Wax 15 20 240 320
Wheat bran 12 - - -
Wheat gluten 30 35 481 561
Wheat, craked 35 45 - 721
Wheat, flaked 7 10 112 160
Wheat, flour 30 35 - 561
Wheat, ground 40 - 641 -
Wheat, whole kernel 45 55 - 881
Whey powder 35 46 561 737
Wood chips 20 30 - 481
Wood flour 15 25 240 400
Wood shavings 3 10 - 160
Xanthum gum 48 - 769 -
Zinc ore 125 - - -
Zinc oxide 10 30 160 481
Zinc, calcined, crushed 70 90 - 1442

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

Related Documents

Key Words

Search the Engineering ToolBox

- "the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!"

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Edition - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox - draw and model technical applications

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Edition - add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping and more - to your SketchUp model - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro. Add from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Translate the Engineering ToolBox!
About the Engineering ToolBox!

close