Boiling Points Liquids and Gases

Boiling points of some common liquids and gases - acetone, butane, propane ..

The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from liquid to gas throughout the bulk of the liquid. At the boiling point molecules anywhere in the liquid may be vaporized.

The boiling point is defined as the temperature at which the saturated vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the surrounding atmospheric pressure.

The boiling point at atmospheric pressure (14.7 psia, 1 bar absolute) for some common fluids and gases can be found from the table below:

ProductBoiling Point at Atmospheric Pressure
(oC)(oF)
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO 20.8 69
Acetic acid anhydride (CH3COO)2O 139 282
Acetone CH3COCH3 50.5 133
Acetylene -84 -119
Alcohol - ethyl (grain, ethanol) C2H5OH 79 172.4
Alcohol - allyl 97.2 207
Alcohol - butyl-n 117 243
Alcohol - methyl (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol, wood naphtha or wood spirits) CH3OH 64.7 151
Alcohol - propyl 97.5 207
Ammonia -35.5 -28.1
Aniline 184.4 363
Argon -186 -302
Benzene (Benzol) C6H6 80.4 176.17
Brake Fluid Dot 3 (Dry - Wet boiling points) (Wet includes hygroscopic moisture)  205 - 140 401 - 284
Brake Fluid Dot 4 (Dry - Wet boiling points) 230 - 155 446 - 311
Brake Fluid Dot 5 (Dry - Wet boiling points) 260 - 180 500 - 356
Brake Fluid Dot 5.1 (Dry - Wet boiling points) 270 - 190 518 - 374
Bromine 58.8 142
Bromobenzene 156.0 313
1,2 - Butadiene 10.9 51.53
n - Butane -0.5 31.1
1 - Butene -6.25 20.75
Butyric acid n 162.5 316
Camphor 204.0 399
Carbolic acid (phenol) 182.2 360
Carbon Bisulfide 47.8 118
Carbon Dioxide CO2 (sublimates) -78.5 -70.6
Carbon Disulfide CS2 46.2 115
Carbon Monoxide -192 -314
Carbon Tetrachloride CCl4 76.7 170
Chlorine -34.4 -30
Chloroform 62.2 142
Cyclohexane 80.7 177.29
Cyclopentane 49.3 120.65
n - Decane 174 345.48
Dichloromethane - see methylene chloride
Diethyl ether 34.7 94.4
2,2 - Dimethylpentane 79.2 174.54
Dowtherm 258 496
Ethane -88.78 -127.48
Ether 34.6 94.3
Glycerin 290 554
Ethane C2H6 -88 -127
Ethanol 78.4 173
Ethyl acetate CH3COOC2H3 77.2 171
Ethylbenzene 136 277.16
Ethyl bromide C2H3Br 38.4 101
Ethylene -103.7 -154.62
Ethylene bromide 131.7 269
Ethylene Glycol 197 386
3 - Ethylpentane 93.5 200.25
Fluorine -187 -305
Formaldehyde -21.1 -6
Formic acid 101.0 214
Trichlorofluoromethane refrigerant R-11 23.8 74.9
Dichlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-12 -29.8 -21.6
Chlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-22 -41.2 -42.1
2,3 - Dimethylbutane 58 136.36
Diisobutyl 109 228.39
Furfurol 161.7 323
Glycerine 290 554
Glycol 197 387
Helium -269 -452
n - Heptane 98.4 209.17
n - Hexane 68.7 155.72
Hydrogen -253 -423
Hydrochloric Acid -81.7 -115
Hydrofluoric Acid 18.9 66
Hydrogen Chloride -81.7 -115
Hydrogen Sulfide -60 -76
Iodine 184.3 363.8
Isopropyl Alchol 80.3 177
Isobutane -11.72 10.90
Isobutene -6.9 19.59
Isooctane 99.2 210.63
Isopentane 27.8 82.12
Isoprene 34.1 93.30
Isopropylbenzene 152 306.34
Jet fuel 163 325
Kerosene (paraffin) 150 - 300 302 - 572
Linseed Oil 287 548
Mercury 356.9 675.1
Methane -161.5 -258.69
Methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol) 66 151
Methyl Acetate 57.2 135
Methyl Bromide 3.3 38
Metyl Chloride -23.9 -11
Methylene Chloride(CH2Cl2, dichloromethane) 39.8 104
Methyl Ether (C2H6O) -25 -13
Methylcyclohexane 101 213.68
Methylcyclopentane 71.8 161.25
Methyl iodide 42.6 108
2 - Methylhexane 90.1 194.09
3 - Methylhexane 91.8 197.32
2 - Methylpentane 60.3 140.47
3 - Methylpentane 63.3 145.89
Naphthalene (Napthaline) 217.9 424
Neohexane 49.7 121.52
Neopentane 9.5 49.10
Nitric Acid 120 248
Nitrobenzene 210.9 412
n - Nonane 150.7 303.47
Nitric Acid 120 248
Nitrogen -196 -320
n - Octane 125.6 258.22
Olive oil 300 570
Oxygen -183 -297
n - Pentane 36 96.92
1 - Pentene 30 85.93
Petrol 95 203
Petroleum 210 410
Phenol 182 359
Phosgene 8.3 47
Phosphoric Acid 213 415
Propane -42.04 -43.67
Propene -47.72 -53.90
Propionic acid 141 286
Propylene -47.7 -53.9
Propylene glycol 187 368
Saturated brine 108 226
Styrene 145 293.29
Sulphur 444.6 823
Sulfuric Acid 330 626
Sulfur Dioxide -10 14
Tar 300 572
Toluene 110.6 231.13
Triptane 80.9 177.58
Turpentine 160 320
Water 100 212
Water, sea 100.7 213
o - Xylene 142.7 287

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more

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