Liquids - Kinematic Viscosities

Kinematic viscosities of some common liquids - motor oil, diesel fuel, peanut oil and many more

The viscosity of a fluid is its resistance to shear or flow, and is a measure of the fluids adhesive/cohesive or frictional properties. The viscosity will arise due to internal molecular friction within a fluid producing the frictional drag effect. There are two related measures of fluid viscosity which are known as dynamic (or absolute) and kinematic viscosity.

Kinematic viscosity for some common liquids are indicated below:

LiquidTemperatureKinematic Viscosity
(oF)(oC)CentiStokes (cSt)Seconds Saybolt Universal (SSU)
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO 61
68
16.1
20
0.305
0.295
36
Acetic acid - vinegar - 10% CH3COOH 59 15 1.35 31.7
Acetic acid - 50% 59 15 2.27 33
Acetic acid - 80% 59 15 2.85 35
Acetic acid - concentrated glacial 59 15 1.34 31.7
Acetic acid anhydride (CH3COO)2O 59 15 0.88
Acetone CH3COCH3 68 20 0.41
Alcohol - allyl 68
104
20
40
1.60
0.90 cp
31.8
Alcohol - butyl-n 68 20 3.64 38
Alcohol - ethyl (grain) C2H5OH 68
100
20
37.8
1.52
1.2
31.7
31.5
Alcohol - methyl (wood) CH3OH 59
32
15
0
0.74
1.04
Alcohol - propyl 68
122
20
50
2.8
1.4
35
31.7
Aluminum sulfate - 36% solution 68 20 1.41 31.7
Ammonia 0 -17.8 0.30
Aniline 68
50
20
10
4.37
6.4
40
46.4
Asphalt RC-0, MC-0, SC-0 77
100
25
37.8
159-324
60-108
737-1.5M
280-500
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 10W 0 -17.8 1295-max 6M-max
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 10W 0 -17.8 1295-2590 6M-12M
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 20W 0 -17.8 2590-10350 12M-48M
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 20 210 98.9 5.7-9.6 45-58
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 30 210 98.9 9.6-12.9 58-70
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 40 210 98.9 12.9-16.8 70-85
Automatic crankcase oil SAE 50 210 98.9 16.8-22.7 85-110
Automotive gear oil SAE 75W 210 98.9 4.2 min 40 min
Automotive gear oil SAE 80W 210 98.9 7.0 min 49 min
Automotive gear oil SAE 85W 210 98.9 11.0 min 63 min
Automotive gear oil SAE 90W 210 98.9 14-25 74-120
Automotive gear oil SAE 140 210 98.9 25-43 120-200
Automotive gear oil SAE150 210 98.9 43 - min 200 min
Beer 68 20 1.8 32
Benzene (Benzol) C6H6 32
68
0
20
1.0
0.74
31
Bone oil 130
212
54.4
100
47.5
11.6
220
65
Bromine 68 20 0.34
Butane-n -50
30
-1.1 0.52
0.35
Butyric acid n 68
32
20
0
1.61
2.3 cp
31.6
Calcium chloride 5% 65 18.3 1.156
Calcium chloride 25% 60 15.6 4.0 39
Carbolic acid (phenol) 65
194
18.3
90
11.83
1.26 cp
65
Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 68
100
20
37.8
0.612
0.53
Carbon disulfide CS2 32
68
0
20
0.33
0.298
Castor oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
259-325
98-130
1200-1500
450-600
China wood oil 69
100
20.6
37.8
308.5
125.5
1425
580
Chloroform 68
140
20
60
0.38
0.35
Coconut oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
29.8-31.6
14.7-15.7
140-148
76-80
Cod oil (fish oil) 100
130
37.8
54.4
32.1
19.4
150
95
Corn oil 130
212
54.4
100
28.7
8.6
135
54
Corn starch solution, 22 Baumé 70
100
21.1
37.8
32.1
27.5
150
130
Corn starch solution, 24 Baumé 70
100
21.1
37.8
129.8
95.2
600
440
Corn starch solution, 25 Baumé 70
100
21.1
37.8
303
173.2
1400
800
Cotton seed oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
37.9
20.6
176
100
Crude oil 48o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
3.8
1.6
39
31.8
Crude oil 40o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
9.7
3.5
55.7
38
Crude oil 35.6o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
17.8
4.9
88.4
42.3
Crude oil 32.6o API 60
130
15.6
54.4
23.2
7.1
110
46.8
Decane-n 0
100
17.8
37.8
2.36
1.001
34
31
Diethyl glycol 70 21.1 32 149.7
Diethyl ether 68 20 0.32
Diesel fuel 2D 100
130
37.8
54.4
2-6
1.-3.97
32.6-45.5
-39
Diesel fuel 3D 100
130
37.8
54.4
6-11.75
3.97-6.78
45.5-65
39-48
Diesel fuel 4D 100
130
37.8
54.4
29.8 max
13.1 max
140 max
70 max
Diesel fuel 5D 122
160
50
71.1
86.6 max
35.2 max
400 max
165 max
Ethyl acetate CH3COOC2H3 59
68
15
20
0.4
0.49
Ethyl bromide C2H5Br 68 20 0.27
Ethylene bromide 68 20 0.787
Ethylene chloride 68 20 0.668
Ethylene glycol 70 21.1 17.8 88.4
Formic acid 10% 68 20 1.04 31
Formic acid 50% 68 20 1.2 31.5
Formic acid 80% 68 20 1.4 31.7
Formic acid concentrated 68
77
20
25
1.48
1.57cp
31.7
Freon -11 70 21.1 0.21
Freon -12 70 21.1 0.27
Freon -21 70 21.1 1.45
Furfurol 68
77
20
25
1.45
1.49cp
31.7
Fuel oil 1 70
100
21.1
37.8
2.39-4.28
-2.69
34-40
32-35
Fuel oil 2 70
100
21.1
37.8
3.0-7.4
2.11-4.28
36-50
33-40
Fuel oil 3 70
100
21.1
37.8
2.69-5.84
2.06-3.97
35-45
32.8-39
Fuel oil 5A 70
100
21.1
37.8
7.4-26.4
4.91-13.7
50-125
42-72
Fuel oil 5B 70
100
21.1
37.8
26.4-
13.6-67.1
125-
72-310
Fuel oil 6 122
160
50
71.1
97.4-660
37.5-172
450-3M
175-780
Gas oils 70
100
21.1
37.8
13.9
7.4
73
50
Gasoline a 60
100
15.6
37.8
0.88
0.71
Gasoline b 60
100
15.6
37.8
0.64
Gasoline c 60
100
15.6
37.8
0.46
0.40
Glycerine 100% 68.6
100
20.3
37.8
648
176
2950
813
Glycerine 50% water 68
140
20
60
5.29
1.85 cp
43
Glycol 68 52
Glucose 100
150
37.8
65.6
7.7M-22M
880-2420
35M-100M
4M-11M
Heptanes-n 0
100
-17.8
37.8
0.928
0.511
Hexane-n 0
100
-17.8
37.8
0.683
0.401
Honey 100 37.8 73.6 349
Hydrochloric acid 68 1.9
Ink, printers 100
130
37.8
54.4
550-2200
238-660
2500-10M
1100-3M
Insulating oil 70
100
21.1
37.8
24.1 max
11.75 max
115 max
65 max
Kerosene 68 20 2.71 35
Jet Fuel -30. -34.4 7.9 52
Lard 100
130
37.8
54.4
62.1
34.3
287
160
Lard oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
41-47.5
23.4-27.1
190-220
112-128
Linseed oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
30.5
18.94
143
93
Mercury 70
100
21.1
37.8
0.118
0.11
Methyl acetate 68
104
20
40
0.44
0.32 cp
Methyl iodide 68
104
20
40
0.213
0.42 cp
Menhaden oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
29.8
18.2
140
90
Milk 68 20 1.13 31.5
Molasses A, first 100
130
37.8
54.4
281-5070
151-1760
1300-23500
700-8160
Molasses B, second 100
130
37.8
54.4
1410-13.2M
660-3.3M
6535-61180
3058-15294
Molasses C, blackstrap 100
130
37.8
54.4
2630-55M
1320-16.5M
12190-255M
6120-76.5M
Naphthalene 176
212
80
100
0.9
0.78 cp
Neatstool oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
49.7
27.5
230
130
Nitrobenzene 68 20 1.67 31.8
Nonane-n 0
100
-17.8
37.8
1.728
0.807
32
Octane-n 0
100
-17.8
37.8
1.266
0.645
31.7
Olive oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
43.2
24.1
200
Palms oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
47.8
26.4
Peanut oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
42
23.4
200
Pentane-n 0
80
17.8
26.7
0.508
0.342
Petrolatum 130
160
54.4
71.1
20.5
15
100
77
Petroleum ether 60 15.6 31(est) 1.1
Phenol, carbolic acid 11.7
Propionic acid 32
68
0
20
1.52 cp
1.13
31.5
Propylene glycol 70 21.1 52 241
Quenching oil
(typical)
100-120 20.5-25
Rapeseed oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
54.1
31
250
145
Rosin oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
324.7
129.9
1500
600
Rosin (wood) 100
200
37.8
93.3
216-11M
108-4400
1M-50M
500-20M
Sesame seed oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
39.6
23
184
110
Silicate of soda 79
Sodium chloride 5% 68 20 1.097 31.1
Sodium chloride 25% 60 15.6 2.4 34
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) 20% 65 18.3 4.0 39.4
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) 30% 65 18.3 10.0 58.1
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) 40% 65 18.3
Soya bean oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
35.4
19.64
165
96
Sperm oil 100
130
37.5
54.4
21-23
15.2
110
78
Sulphuric acid 100% 68
140
20
60
14.56
7.2 cp
76
Sulphuric acid 95% 68 20 14.5 75
Sulphuric acid 60% 68 20 4.4 41
Sulphuric acid 20% 3M-8M
650-1400
Tar, coke oven 70
100
21.1
37.8
600-1760
141-308
15M-300M
2M-20M
Tar, gas house 70
100
21.1
37.8
3300-66M
440-4400
2500
500
Tar, pine 100
132
37.8
55.6
559
108.2
200-300
55-60
Toluene 68
140
20
60
0.68
0.38 cp
185.7
Triethylene glycol 70 21.1 40 400-440
185-205
Turpentine 100
130
37.8
54.4
86.5-95.2
39.9-44.3
1425
650
Varnish, spar 68
100
20
37.8
313
143
Water, distilled 68 20 1.0038 31
Water, fresh
60
130
15.6
54.4
1.13
0.55
31.5
Water, sea 1.15 31.5
Whale oil 100
130
37.8
54.4
35-39.6
19.9-23.4
163-184
97-112
Xylene-o 68
104
20
40
0.93
0.623 cp

Related Topics

  • Fluid Mechanics - The study of fluids - liquids and gases. Involves various properties of the fluid, such as velocity, pressure, density and temperature, as functions of space and time.
  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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