Wood Densities

Density of wood as apple, ash, cedar, elm and more

The density of seasoned & dry wood are indicated in the table below:

SolidDensity
(103 kg/m3) (lb/ft3)
Alder 0.4 - 0.7 26 - 42
Afrormosia 0.71
Agba 0.51
Apple 0.65 - 0.85 41 - 52
Ash, white 0.65 - 0.85 40 - 53
Ash, black 0.54 33
Ash, European 0.71
Aspen 0.42 26
Balsa 0.16 7 - 9
Bamboo 0.3 - 0.4 19 - 25
Basswood 0.3 - 0.6 20 - 37
Beech 0.7 - 0.9 32 - 56
Birch, British 0.67 42
Birch, European 0.67
Box 0.95 - 1.2 59 - 72
Butternut 0.38 24
Cedar of Lebanon 0.58
Cedar, western red 0.38 23
Cherry, European 0.63 43- 56
Chestnut, sweet 0.56 30
Cottonwood 0.41 25
Cypress 0.51 32
Dogwood 0.75 47
Douglas Fir 0.53 33
Ebony 1.1 - 1.3 69 - 83
Elm, American 0.57 35
Elm, English 0.55 - 0.6 34 - 37
Elm, Dutch 0.56
Elm, Wych 0.69
Elm, Rock 0.82 50
Gaboon 0.43
Greenheart 1.04
Gum, Black 0.59 36
Gum, Blue 0.82 50
Gum, Red 0.54 35
Hackberry 0.62 38
Hemlock, western 0.50
Hickory 0.83 37 - 58
Holly 0.75 47
Iroko 0.66
Juniper 0.55 35
Keruing 0.74
Larch 0.5 - 0.55 31 - 35
Lignum Vitae 1.17 - 1.33 73 - 83
Lime, European 0.56
Locust 0.65 - 0.7 42 - 44
Logwood 0.9 57
Madrone 0.74 45
Magnolia 0.57 35
Mahogany, African 0.5 - 0.85 31 - 53
Mahogany, Cuban 0.66 40
Mahogany, Honduras 0.65 41
Mahogany, Spanish 0.85 53
Maple 0.6 - 0.75 39 - 47
Meranti, dark red 0.71
Myrtle 0.66 40
Oak 0.6 - 0.9 37 - 56
Oak, American Red 0.74 45
Oak, American White 0.77 47
Oak, English Brown 0.74 45
Obeche 0.39
Oregon Pine 0.53 33
Parana Pine 0.56 35
Pear 0.6 - 0.7 38 - 45
Pecan 0.77 47
Persimmon 0.9 55
Philippine Red Luan 0.59 36
Pine, pitch 0.67 52 - 53
Pine, Corsican 0.51
Pine, radiata 0.48
Pine, Scots 0.51
Pine, white 0.35 - 0.5 22 - 31
Pine, yellow 0.42 23 - 37
Plane, European 0.64
Plum 0.65 - 0.8 41 - 49
Poplar 0.35 - 0.5 22 - 31
Ramin 0.67
Redwood, American 0.45 28
Redwood, European 0.51 32
Rosewood, Bolivian 0.82 50
Rosewood, East Indian 0.90 55
Sapele 0.64
Satinwood 0.95 59
Spruce 0.4 - 0.7 25 - 44
Spruce, Canadian 0.45 28
Spruce, Norway 0.43
Spruce, Sitka 0.45 28
Spruce, western white 0.45
Sycamore 0.4 - 0.6 24 - 37
Tanguile 0.64 39
Teak, Indian 0.65 - 0.9 41 - 55
Teak, African 0.98 61
Teak, Burma 0.74 45
Utile 0.66
Walnut 0.65 - 0.7 40 - 43
Walnut, Amer Black 0.63 38
Walnut, Claro 0.49 30
Walnut, European 0.57 35
Water gum 1 62
Whitewood, European 0.47
Willow 0.4 - 0.6 24 - 37
Yew 0.67
Zebrawood 0.79 48
  • 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

After felling, timber will lose moisture to align itself with the atmospheric conditions. Moisture content should be lower than 20% to stop fungal attack. Seasoning is the name of the process where moisture content is reduced to the appropriate level for proposed use.

Shrinkage will occurs as a result of the moisture loss - typical 3-4% across the grain.

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

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