Soil - Weight and Composition of Earth

Typical weight and composition of soil

Approximate Weight

Type of SoilApproximate Weight
(lb/ft3)(kg/m3)
Loose earth 75 1200
Rammed earth 100 1600

Typical Composition

ElementApproximate Content (%)
Aluminum 6 - 10
Calcium 1 - 7
Iron 2 - 10
Magnesium 0.1 - 3
Oxygen 44 - 49
Potassium 1.5 - 3
Silicon 22 - 36
Sodium 2.4 - 2.5

Soil Classification

SoilSeeve Size (mm)
Silt 0.002 - 0.06
Sand 0.06 - 2.0
Gravel 2.0 - 60
Cobbles 60 - 200
Boulders 200 -

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more - gases, fluids and solids

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