Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

Density

Density of different solid materials, liquids and gases. Definitions and convertion calculators.

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Air - Altitude, Density and Specific Volume

Density and the specific volume of air vary with elevation above sea level

Air - Density at varying pressure and constant temperatures

Figures and tables showing changes in air density at pressure varying from 1 to 10 000 bara (14.5 - 145000 psi) and constant, selected temperatures. Figures are given in different scales.

Air - Density, Specific Weight and Thermal Expansion Coefficient at Varying Temperature and Constant Pressures

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density, specific weight and thermal expansion coefficient of air at temperatures ranging -100 to 1600 °C (-140 to 2900 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Air - Properties at Gas-Liquid Equilibrium Conditions

Figures and tables showing how the properties of air changes along the boiling and condensation curves (temperature and pressure between triple point and critical point conditions). An air phase diagram are also given.

Air - Thermophysical Properties

Thermal properties of air - density, viscosity, critical temperature and pressure, triple point, enthalpi and entropi, thermal conductivity and diffusicity, and more

Alcohols and carboxylic acids - physical data

Molweight, melting and boiling point, density, pKa-values, as well as number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in each molecule are given for 150 different alcohols and acids

Ammonia - Density at Varying Temperature and Pressure

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of ammonia at temperatures ranging -50 to 425 °C (-50 to 800 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Ammonia - Thermophysical Properties

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Ammonia. Phase diagram included.

API Gravity

API gravity express the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. Conversion calculator API - specific gravity

Argon - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of argon, Ar, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Benzene - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and table showing density and specific weight of benzene, C6H6, at temperatures ranging from 5 to 325 °C (42 to 620 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Benzene - Thermophysical properties

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of benzene, also called benzol. Phase diagram included.

Brick Densities

Densities of common types of bricks

Butane - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculators, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of liquid and gaseous butane, C4H10, at varying temperarure and pressure, SI and Imperial units

Calcium Chloride and Water

Freezing point, density, specific heat and dynamic viscosity of Calcium Chloride Water coolant

Carbon dioxide - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of carbon dioxide, CO2, at temperatures ranging from -50 to 775 °C (-50 to 1400 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Carbon Dioxide - Thermophysical Properties

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of carbon dioxide. Phase diagram included.

Carbon Monoxide - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of carbon monoxide, CO, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

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Classification of Coal

Classification of coal based on volatile matter and cooking power of clean material

Crude oil viscosity as function of gravity

Viscosity at 20°C/68°F and 50°C/122°F for more than 120 crudes is shown as function of specific gravity@15°C/60°F

Densities of Common Materials

Densities of common products in both Imperial and SI-units

Densities of Solids

Densities of common solids

Densities of Wood Species

Densities of wood species like apple, ash, cedar, elm and more

Density Converter

Online density converter with commonly used units

Density of aqueous solutions of inorganic chlorides

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of inorganic chlorides in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of inorganic potassium salts

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of potassium salts in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of inorganic sodium salts

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of inorganic sodium salts in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of organic acids

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of acetic acid, citric acid, formic acid, D-lactic acid, oxalic acid and trichloroacetic acid in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of organic substances as sugars and alcohols

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of some sugars, alcohols and other organic substances in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of aqueous solutions of some inorganic substances

Changes in density of aqueous solutions with changes in concentration at 20°C. Density of inorganic substances in water is plotted as function of wt%, mol/kg water and mol/l solution.

Density of crude oil as function of temperature

Variations in crude oil density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors.

Density of fuel oils as function of temperature

Variations in fuel oils density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors

Density of jet fuel as function of temperature

Variations in jet fuel density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors.

Density of Liquids versus change in Pressure and Temperature

Density and specific volume of a liquid versus change in pressure and temperature

Density of lubricating oil as function of temperature

Variations in lubricating oil density are shown as function of temperatur, together with volume correction factors.

Density of Moist Humid Air

Density of dry air and water vapor - moist or humid air

Density, Specific Weight and Specific Gravity

An introduction to density, specific gravity and specific weight - formulas with examples

Dirt and Mud - Densities

Densities - pound per cubic foot and kilograms per cubic metre - for dirt and mud

Ditch Filling Materials - Densities

Weight or density of ditch filling materials

Dry Air and Water Vapor - Density and Specific Volume - Imperial Units

Density and specific volume of dry air and water vapor at temperatures ranging 225 to 900 degF (107 to 482 degC)

Dry Air Properties

Dry air properties at temperatures ranging 175 - 1900 K - specific heat, ratio of specific heats, dynamic viscosity, thermal conductivity, Prandtl number, density and kinematic viscosity

Elements of the Periodic System

The elements of the periodic system with names, symbols, atomic numbers and weights, melting and boiling points, density, electronegativity and electron affinity, and electron configuration

Energy Storage Density

Energy density - by weight and volume - for some ways to store energy

Ethane - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of ethane, C2H6, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Ethanol - Thermophysical properties

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of ethanol (also called alcohol or ethyl alcohol). Phase diagram included.

Ethylene - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of ethylene, C2H4, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Ethylene - Thermophysical Properties

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of ethylene, also called ethene, acetene and olefiant gas. Phase diagram included.

Ethylene Glycol Heat-Transfer Fluid

Freezing point, viscosity, specific gravity and specific heat of ethylene glycol based heat-transfer fluids, or brines

Fluids - Specific Gravities

Specific gravities for some common fluids like acetone, alcohol, turpentine, oil and more ..

Food Products - Bulk Densities

Bulk densities of some common food products

Fuels - Density and Specific Volume

Densities and specific volumes of some common fuels - anthracite, butane, gasoil, diesel, coke, oil, wood and more

Gases - Density

Densities and molecular weights of some common gases - acetylene, air, methane, nitrogen, oxygen and others ..

Heavy Water - Thermophysical Properties

Thermodynamic properties of heavy water (D2O) - density, melting temperature, boiling temperature, latent heat of fusion, latent heat of evaporation, critical temperature and more

Helium - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of helium, He, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Hydrocarbons - physical data

Molweight, melting and boiling point, density, flash point and autoignition temperature, as well as number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in each molecule are given for 200 different hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons, linear alcohols and acids - density

Density of different types of hydrocarbons, alcohols and acids as function of carbon number, at 20°C / 68°F

Hydrogen - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of hydrogen, H2, at temperatures ranging from -260 to 325 °C (-435 to 620 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Ice - Thermal Properties

Thermal and thermodynamic properties of ice - density, thermal conductivity and specific heat at temperatures from 0 to -100 oC

ISO Grade Oils - Viscosities and Densities

Viscosities and densities of ISO - and equivalent SAE grade oils

Liquid Densities

Densities of common liquids like acetone, beer, oil, water and more

Liquid Water - Properties at various Temperature and Pressure

Liquid water properties at temperatures between melting point and boiling point and pressures of 14.7 psia, 1000 psia and 10000 psia (1 atm, 68.1atm and 681 atm)

Liquids - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity of common liquids and fluids like alcohol, oils, benzene, water and many more

Melting and Boiling Point, Density and Solubility in Water for Inorganic Compounds

Physical constants for more than 280 common inorganic compounds. Density is given for the actual state at 25°C and for liquid phase at melting point temperature.

Mercury Properties

Properties of saturated liquid Mercury - Hg - density, specific heat capacity, kinematic viscosity, thermal conductivity and Prandtl number

Metals and Alloys - Densities

Density of some common metals and alloys - aluminum, bronze, copper, iron and more ..

Methane - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of methane, CH4, at temperatures ranging from -160 to 725 °C (-260 to 1300 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Methanol - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of methanol,CH3OH, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Minerals - Density

Densities of minerals

Moist Air - Density vs. Pressure

Density of moist air versus pressure ranging 75 - 1000 mm Hg

Nitrogen - Thermophysical Properties

Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Nitrogen - N2

Organic nitrogen compounds - physical data

Boiling and melting points of amines, diamines, pyrroles, pyridines, piperidines and quinolines shown together with their molecular structures, as well as molweights and density.

Organic sulfur compounds - density

Liquid density of different kinds of organic sulfur compounds with varying carbon number (20°C/68°F). Comparison of thiols, sulfides, disulfides and thiophenes.

Oxygen - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of oxygen, O2, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Pentane - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and table showing density and specific weight of pentane, C5H12, at temperatures ranging from -130 to 325 °C (-200 to 620 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

Pentane - Thermophysical Properties

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of pentane, also called n-pentane. Phase diagram included.

Propane - Density and Specific Weight

Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of propane, C3H8, at temperatures ranging from -187 to 725 °C (-305 to 1300 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units

SAE Multigrade Oils - Viscosities and Densities

Viscosity and density of SAE Grade oil

Sea Water Properties

Sea water - specific volume, specific heat and absolute viscosity

Shrinkage and estimation of density of a liquid-liquid solution

It is possible to estimate the density of a liquid-liquid solution from the density of the solute and the solvent. However, due to shrinkage, the estimate will be a bit too low.

Slurries - Densities

Calculate density of a slurry

Toluene - Density and Specific Weight

Linear temperature expansion coefficients for aluminum, copper, glass, iron and other common materials

Toluene - Thermophysical Properties

Chemical, physical and thermal properties of toluene, also called methylbenzene, toluol and phenylmethane. Phase diagram included.

Volumetric - or Cubic Thermal Expansion

Volumetric temperature expansion with online calculator

Water - Density, Specific Weight and Thermal Expantion Coefficient

Definitions, online calculator, figures and tables giving Density, Specific Weight and Thermal Expansion Coefficient of liquid water at temperatures ranging from 0 to 360 °C and 32 to 680°F - in Imperial and SI Units

Water - Properties at Gas-Liquid Equilibrium Conditions

Figures and tables showing how the properties of water changes along the boiling/condensation curve (vapor pressure, density, viscosity, thermal conductivity, specific heat, Prandtl number, thermal diffusivity, entropy and enthalpy).

Water - Specific Gravity

Figures and tables showing specific gravity of liquid water in the range of 32 to 700 °F or 0 to 370°C, using water density at four different temperatures as reference

Water - Specific Volume

Online calculator, figures and tables showing Specific Volume of water at temperatures ranging from 0-370 °C and 32 - 700 °F - Imperial and IS Units

Water - Thermophysical Properties

Thermal properties of water - density, freezing temperature, boiling temperature, latent heat of melting, latent heat of evaporation, critical temperature and more

Wood Density and Moisture Content

Density of wood versus moisture content

Wood Species - Moisture Content and Weight

Weight of green and air-dried fire wood

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