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Liquids - Specific Gravities

Specific gravities for common fluids like acetone, alcohol, turpentine, oil and more.

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Specific Gravity - SG - is a dimensionless unit defined for liquids as "the ratio of the density of the substance to the density of water at a specified temperature". For gases the Specific Gravity is related to air.

Specific Gravity for common fluids are indicated in the table below.

ProductTemperature
oC
Specific Gravity
SG 1)
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO 16.1 0.79
Acetaldehyde CH3CHO 20 0.76
Acetic acid 5% - vinegar 15 1.006
Acetic acid - 10% 15 1.014
Acetic acid - 50% 15 1.061
Acetic acid - 80% 15 1.075
Acetic acid - concentrated 15 1.055
Acetic acid anhydride (CH3COO)2O 15 1.087
Acetone CH3COCH3 20 0.792
Alcohol - allyl 20 0.855
Alcohol - butyl-n 20 0.81
Alcohol - butyl-n 70 0.78
Alcohol - ethyl (grain) C2H5OH 20 0.789
Alcohol - ethyl (grain) C2H5OH 40 0.772
Alcohol - methyl (wood) CH3OH 20 0.79
Alcohol - propyl 20 0.804
Alcohol - propyl 0 0.817
Aluminum sulfate 36% solution 15.6 1.055
Ammonia -17.8 0.662
Aniline 20 1.022
Aniline 0 1.035
Automotive crankcase oils
SAE-5W/10W/20W/30W/40W/50W
15.6 0.88 - 0.94
Automotive gear oils
SAE-75W/80W/85W/90W/140W/150W
15.6 0.88 - 0.94
Beer 15.6 1.01
Benzene (benzol) C6H6 0 0.899
Benzene (benzol) C6H6 15.6 0.885
Benzine 0.69
Bone oil 15.6 0.918
Boric acid H3BO3 8 1.014
Boric acid H3BO3 15 1.025
Bromine 0 2.9
Butane-n 15.6 0.584
Butyric acid 20 0.959
Calcium chloride 5% 18.3 1.040
Calcium chloride 25% 15.6 1.23
Carbolic acid (phenol) 18.3 1.08
Carbon tetrachloride CCl4 20 1.594
Carbon disulfide CS2 0
20
1.293
1.263
Castor Oil 20 0.96
Castor Oil 40 0.95
China wood oil 15.6 0.943
Chloroform 20 1.489
Chloroform 60 1.413
Coconut oil 15.6 0.925
Cod liver oil 15 0.920 - 0.925
Corn oil 15.6 0.924
Cotton seed oil 15.6 0.88 - 0.93
Creosote 15.6 1.04 - 1.10
Crude oil 48o API 15.6 0.79
Crude oil 48o API 54.4 0.76
Crude oil 40o API 15.6 0.825
Crude oil 40o API 54.4 0.805
Crude oil 35.6o API 15.6 0.847
Crude oil 35.6o API 54.4 0.824
Crude oil 32.6o API 15.6 0.862
Crude oil 32.6o API 54.4 0.84
Crude oil Salt creek 15.6
54.4
0.843
0.82
Decane-n 20 0.73
Diethylene glycol 15.6 1.12
Diethyl ether 20 0.714
Diphenylamine 1.16
Diesel Fuel Oil 2D/3D/4D/5D 15.6 0.81 - 0.96
Dowtherm 25 1.056
Ether, sulfuric 0.72
Ethyl acetate CH3COOC2H3 15
20
0.907
0.90
Ethyl bromide C2H3Br 15 1.45
Ethylene bromide 20 2.18
Ethylene chloride 20 1.246
Ethylene glycol 15.6 1.125
Fluoric acid 1.50
Formic acid - 10% 20 1.025
Formic acid - 50% 20 1.121
Formic acid - 80% 20 1.186
Formic acid - concentrated 20 1.221
Trichlorofluoromethane - 11 21.1 1.49
Dichlorodifluoromethane - 12 21.1 1.33
Dichlorofluoromethane - 21 21.1 1.37
Furfurol 20 1.159
Fuel oils 1/2/3/5A/5B/6 15.6 0.82-0.95
Gas oils 15.6 0.89
Gasoline a 15.6 0.74
Gasoline b 15.6 0.72
Gasoline c 15.6 0.68
Glycerine 100% 20 1.26
Glycerine 50% water 20 1.13
Glucose 15.6 1.35 - 1.44
Heptane-n 15.6 0.688
Hexane-n 15.6 0.664
Ink printers 15.6 1.0 - 1.4
Kerosene 15.6 0.78 - 0.82
Jet fuel 15.6 0.82
Lard 15.6 0.96
Lard oil 15.6 0.91 - 0.93
Linseed oil 15.6 0.92 - 0.94
Mercury 15.6 13.6
Methyl acetate 20 0.93
Methyl iodide 20 2.28
Mineral oil 0.92
Milk 15.6 1.02 - 1.05
Molasses A first 15.6 1.40 - 1.46
Molasses B second 15.6 1.43 - 1.48
Molasses C blackstrap 15.6 1.46 - 1.49
Muriatic acid 1.20
Naphtha 0.76
Naphthalene 20 1.145
Neatsfoot oil 15.6 0.917
Nitric acid 1.50
Nitrobentzene 20 1.203
Nitrobentzene 15 1.205
Nonane-n 15.6
20
0.722
0.718
Octane-n 15.6 0.707
Olive oil 15.6 0.91 - 0.92
Palm oil 15.6 0.924
Peanut oil 15.6 0.92
Pentane-n 0 0.650
Pentane-n 15.6 0.631
Petroleum oil 0.82
Phosphoric acid 1.78
Potassium hydrate 1.24
Rape oil 0.92
Sodium chloride 1.19
Sodium hydrate 1.27
Sulphuric acid 1.84
Tar 1.00
Tuluol 0.87
Turpentine oil 0.87
Vinegar 1.08
Water. fresh 1
Water. sea 36 oF 1.02
Whale oil 0.92
Xylene 0.87

1) Based on water at 60 oF and SG = 1

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