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Liquids - Specific Gravities

Specific gravities of liquids like alcohol, oils, benzene, water and many more.

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Specific gravity of a liquid is the "ratio of the density of the liquid - to the density of water at 4oC".

Specific gravity of some common liquids and fluids:

FluidTemperature
(oC)
Specific Gravity
SG
Acetic Acid 25 1.052
Acetone 25 0.787
Acetonitrile 20 0.783
Acetylene, liquid -121oF 0.62
Acetylene, liquid 70oF 0.38
Adipic acid   0.72
Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol) 25 0.787
Alcohol, methyl (methanol) 25 0.791
Alcohol, propyl 25 0.802
Ammonia (aqua) 25 0.826
Aniline 25 1.022
Beer 25 1.01
Benzene 25 0.876
Benzil 25 1.084
Bromine 25 3.12
Butane, liquid 25 0.601
1-Butanol 20 0.815
Butylamine 20 0.742
Caproic acid 25 0.924
Carbolic acid 15 0.959
Carbon disulfide 25 1.265
Carbon tetrachloride 25 1.589
Carene 25 0.860
Oil, Castor 25 0.959
Chloride 25 1.56
Chlorine 60oF 1.42
Chlorobenzene 20 1.11
Chloroform 25 1.469
Citric acid 25 1.665
Coconut Oil 15 0.925
Corn (maize) oil 15.5 0.923
Cotton Seed Oil 15 0.923
Cresol 25 1.027
Creosote 15 1.070
Crude oil, California 60oF 0.918
Crude oil, Mexican 60oF 0.976
Crude oil, Texas 60oF 0.876
Cumene 25 0.862
Cyclohexane 20 0.779
Decane 25 0.728
1-Decanol 20 0.829
Dichloromethane 20 1.32
Dodecane 25 0.757
Ethane -89 0.572
Ethanol 20 0.789
Ether (Diethyl ether) 25 0.716
Ethyl acetate 20 0.901
Ethylamine 16 0.683
Ethyl benzene 20 0.867
Ethyl formate 20 0.922
Ethyl propanoate 20 0.890
Ethylene glycol 25 1.100
Trichlorofluoromethane refrigerant R-11 25 1.480
Dichlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-12 25 1.315
Chlorodifluoromethane refrigerant R-22 25 1.197
Formaldehyde 45 0.815
Fuel oil 60oF 0.893
Furan 25 1.421
Furforal 25 1.159
Gasoline, natural 60oF 0.713
Gasoline, Vehicle 60oF 0.739
Glycerine (glycerol) 25 1.263
Glycol 25 1.11
Heptane 25 0.681
Hexane 25 0.657
1-Hexanol 25 0.813
Hexene 25 0.673
Hydrazine 25 0.797
Iodine (at solid state) 20 4.933
Isopropylbenzene 20 0.862
Kerosene 60oF 0.820
Linolenic Acid 25 0.902
Linseed Oil 25 0.932
Mercury 25 13.633
Methane -164 0.466
Methanol 20 0.791
Methyl acetate 20 0.935
Methylcyclohexane 20 0.769
Methyl formate 20 0.974
Methyl propanoate 20 0.915
Milk 1.035
Naphtha, Petroleum Naphtha 15 0.667
Nitromethane 20 1.14
Napthalene 25 0.963
Nonane 20 0.718
Nonanol 25 0.823
Octane 25 0.701
Olive Oil 15 0.915
Oxygen -183 1.14
Palm Oil 15.5 0.923
Palm Kernel Oil 15.5 0.912
Palmitic Acid 25 0.853
Peanut (Arachis) Oil 15.5 0.92
Pentane 25 0.755
Pentanoic acid 20 0.939
Phenol 25 1.075
Phosgene 0 1.381
Phytadiene 25 0.826
Pinene 25 0.858
Propane -40 0.585
Propane 25 0.495
1-Propanol 20 0.805
2-Propanol 20 0.786
Propyl acetate 20 0.889
Propylbenzene 20 0.862
Propylene 25 0.516
Propylene glycol 25 1.036
Propyl formate 20 0.905
Pyridine 25 0.968
Parole 25 0.969
Rapeseed Oil 15.5 0.915
Resorcinol 25 1.272
Sabiname 25 0.814
Safflower Oil 15.5 0.922
Sea water 25 1.028
Silane 25 0.719
Soja Beans Oil 15.5 0.926
Sorbaldehyde 25 0.898
Stearic Acid 25 0.941
Styrene 25 0.906
Sunflower Oil 15.5 0.925
Terpinene 25 0.850
Tetrachloromethane 20 1.59
Toluene 25 0.865
Trichlormethane 20 1.49
Turpentine 25 0.871
Water, pure 39.2oF (4oC)  1.000
Water, sea 77oF 1.025
o-Xylene 20 0.880
m-Xylene 20 0.864
p-Xylene 20 0.861
  • T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]
  • T(oF) = [T(oC)](9/5) + 32
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