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Air - Density at varying pressure and constant temperatures

Figures and tables showing changes in air density at pressure varying from 1 to 10 000 bara (14.5 - 145000 psi) and constant, selected temperatures. Figures are given in different scales.

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Density is the ratio of the mass to the volume of a substance:

ρ = m/V                                          [1]

where
ρ = density, units typically [kg/m3] or [lb/ft3]
m = mass, units typically [kg] or [lb]

V = volume, units typically [m3] or [ft3]

Tabulated values and density units conversion are given below the figures.

See also Air Composition and molecular weight, Density and specific weight at varying temperature, Diffusion Coefficients for Gases in AirDynamic (absolute) and kinematic viscosity, Prandtl Number, Specific heat at varying temperature and Specific heat at varying pressureThermal ConductivityThermal Diffusivity, Properties at gas-liquid equilibrium conditions and Air thermophysical properties, for other properties of air.

See Density and specific weight of acetone, ammonia, argon, benzene, butanecarbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ethane, ethanol, ethylene, helium, hydrogen, methane, methanol, nitrogen, oxygen, pentane, propane, toluene and water, as well as Density of crude oil, Density of fuel oils, Density of lubricating oil and Density of jet fuel as function of temperature.

Figures showing air density at ambient pressures (80-105 kPa, 0.8-1.05 bara, 11.6-15.4 psia) and temperatures:

air_density_temperature_pressure

air_density_temperature_pressure_F

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Figures showing air density as function of gauge pressure (0-20 bar, 0-300 psi) at selected temperatures:

Air density pressure temperature bar

Air density pressure temperature psi

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Figures showing air density as function of absolute pressure (1-10 000 bar, 14.5 - 150 000 psia) at selected temperatures:

Air density pressure temperature C

Air density pressure temperature F

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Weight or density of air (pounds per cubic foot) for different gauge pressures (psi):

For full table - rotate the screen!

Gauge
pressure
Density of air [lb/ft3] at different temperatures [°F]
[psi] 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 150 200 250 300 400 500 600
0
0.081 0.080 0.078 0.076 0.075 0.074 0.072 0.071 0.069 0.066 0.065 0.060 0.056 0.052 0.046 0.041 0.038
5 0.109 0.107 0.105 0.102 0.101 0.099 0.097 0.095 0.092 0.089 0.087 0.081 0.075 0.070 0.062 0.056 0.05
10 0.136 0.134 0.131 0.128 0.126 0.124 0.121 0.119 0.115 0.111 0.109 0.101 0.094 0.088 0.078 0.070 0.063
20 0.192 0.188 0.185 0.180 0.177 0.174 0.171 0.168 0.162 0.156 0.154 0.142 0.132 0.123 0.109 0.098 0.089
30 0.247 0.242 0.238 0.232 0.228 0.224 0.220 0.216 0.208 0.201 0.198 0.183 0.170 0.159 0.141 0.126 0.114
40 0.302 0.295 0.291 0.284 0.279 0.274 0.269 0.264 0.255 0.246 0.242 0.225 0.208 0.195 0.172 0.154 0.140
50 0.357 0.350 0.344 0.336 0.330 0.324 0.318 0.312 0.302 0.291 0.287 0.265 0.246 0.23 0.203 0.182 0.165
60 0.412 0.404 0.397 0.388 0.381 0.374 0.367 0.361 0.348 0.337 0.331 0.306 0.284 0.266 0.235 0.210 0.190
70 0.467 0.458 0.451 0.440 0.432 0.424 0.416 0.409 0.395 0.382 0.375 0.347 0.322 0.301 0.266 0.238 0.216
80 0.522 0.512 0.504 0.492 0.483 0.474 0.465 0.457 0.441 0.427 0.420 0.388 0.361 0.337 0.298 0.267 0.241
90 0.578 0.566 0.557 0.544 0.534 0.524 0.515 0.505 0.488 0.472 0.464 0.429 0.399 0.372 0.329 0.295 0.267
100 0.633 0.620 0.610 0.596 0.585 0.574 0.564 0.554 0.535 0.517 0.508 0.470 0.437 0.408 0.360 0.323 0.292
120 0.743 0.728 0.717 0.700 0.687 0.674 0.662 0.650 0.628 0.607 0.597 0.552 0.513 0.479 0.423 0.379 0.343
140 0.853 0.836 0.823 0.804 0.789 0.774 0.760 0.747 0.721 0.697 0.686 0.634 0.589 0.550 0.486 0.436 0.394
150 0.909 0.890 0.876 0.856 0.840 0.824 0.809 0.795 0.768 0.742 0.730 0.675 0.627 0.586 0.518 0.464 0.420
200 1.185 1.161 1.142 1.116 1.095 1.075 1.055 1.036 1.001 0.967 0.951 0.879 0.817 0.764 0.675 0.604 0.547
250 1.46 1.431 1.408 1.376 1.350 1.325 1.301 1.278 1.234 1.193 1.173 1.084 1.088 0.941 0.832 0.745 0.675
300 1.736 1.702 1.674 1.636 1.605 1.575 1.547 1.519 1.467 1.418 1.395 1.289 1.198 1.119 0.989 0.886 0.802
400 2.29 2.24 2.21 2.16 2.12 2.08 2.04 2.00 1.933 1.868 1.838 1.698 1.579 1.475 1.303 1.167 1.057
500 2.84 2.78 2.74 2.68 2.63 2.58 2.53 2.48 2.4 2.32 2.28 2.11 1.959 1.83 1.618 1.449 1.312
700 3.94 3.86 3.8 3.72 3.65 3.58 3.51 3.45 3.33 3.22 3.17 2.93 2.72 2.54 2.25 2.01 1.822
800 4.49 4.4 4.33 4.24 4.16 4.08 4.00 3.93 3.8 3.67 3.61 3.34 3.1 2.9 2.56 2.29 2.08
900 5.05 4.95 4.87 4.76 4.67 4.58 4.50 4.42 4.26 4.12 4.05 3.75 3.48 3.25 2.87 2.58 2.33
1000 5.6 5.49 5.4 5.28 5.18 5.08 4.99 4.9 4.73 4.57 4.5 4.16 3.86 3.61 3.19 2.86 2.59

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Weight or density of air (kilograms per cubic meter) for different gauge pressures (bar):

For full table - rotate the screen!

Gauge
pressure
Density of air [kg/m3] at different temperatures [°C]
[bar] -1.1 4.4 10.0 15.6 21.1 26.7 32.2 37.8 48.9 60.0 65.6 93.3 121.1 148.9 204.4 260.0 315.6
0.00 1.30 1.28 1.25 1.22 1.20 1.19 1.15 1.14 1.11 1.06 1.04 0.96 0.90 0.83 0.74 0.66 0.61
0.34 1.75 1.71 1.68 1.63 1.62 1.59 1.55 1.52 1.47 1.43 1.39 1.30 1.20 1.12 0.99 0.90 0.80
0.69 2.18 2.15 2.10 2.05 2.02 1.99 1.94 1.91 1.84 1.78 1.75 1.62 1.51 1.41 1.25 1.12 1.01
1.38 3.08 3.01 2.96 2.88 2.84 2.79 2.74 2.69 2.59 2.50 2.47 2.27 2.11 1.97 1.75 1.57 1.43
2.07 3.96 3.88 3.81 3.72 3.65 3.59 3.52 3.46 3.33 3.22 3.17 2.93 2.72 2.55 2.26 2.02 1.83
2.72 4.84 4.73 4.66 4.55 4.47 4.39 4.31 4.23 4.08 3.94 3.88 3.60 3.33 3.12 2.76 2.47 2.24
3.45 5.72 5.61 5.51 5.38 5.29 5.19 5.09 5.00 4.84 4.66 4.60 4.24 3.94 3.68 3.25 2.92 2.64
4.14 6.60 6.47 6.36 6.22 6.10 5.99 5.88 5.78 5.57 5.40 5.30 4.90 4.55 4.26 3.76 3.36 3.04
4.83 7.48 7.34 7.22 7.05 6.92 6.79 6.66 6.55 6.33 6.12 6.01 5.56 5.16 4.82 4.26 3.81 3.46
5.52 8.36 8.20 8.07 7.88 7.74 7.59 7.45 7.32 7.06 6.84 6.73 6.22 5.78 5.40 4.77 4.28 3.86
6.21 9.26 9.07 8.92 8.71 8.55 8.39 8.25 8.09 7.82 7.56 7.43 6.87 6.39 5.96 5.27 4.73 4.28
6.89 10.14 9.93 9.77 9.55 9.37 9.19 9.03 8.87 8.57 8.28 8.14 7.53 7.00 6.54 5.77 5.17 4.68
8.27 11.90 11.66 11.49 11.21 11.00 10.80 10.60 10.41 10.06 9.72 9.56 8.84 8.22 7.67 6.78 6.07 5.49
9.65 13.66 13.39 13.18 12.88 12.64 12.40 12.17 11.97 11.55 11.16 10.99 10.16 9.43 8.81 7.78 6.98 6.31
10.34 14.56 14.26 14.03 13.71 13.46 13.20 12.96 12.73 12.30 11.89 11.69 10.81 10.04 9.39 8.30 7.43 6.73
13.79 18.98 18.60 18.29 17.88 17.54 17.22 16.90 16.60 16.03 15.49 15.23 14.08 13.09 12.24 10.81 9.68 8.76
17.24 23.39 22.92 22.55 22.04 21.62 21.22 20.84 20.47 19.77 19.11 18.79 17.36 16.15 15.07 13.33 11.93 10.81
20.68 27.81 27.26 26.81 26.21 25.71 25.23 24.78 24.33 23.50 22.71 22.35 20.65 19.19 17.92 15.84 14.19 12.85
27.58 36.68 35.88 35.40 34.60 33.96 33.32 32.68 32.04 30.96 29.92 29.44 27.20 25.29 23.63 20.87 18.69 16.93
34.47 45.49 44.53 43.89 42.93 42.13 41.33 40.53 39.73 38.44 37.16 36.52 33.80 31.38 29.31 25.92 23.21 21.02
48.26 63.11 61.83 60.87 59.59 58.47 57.35 56.22 55.26 53.34 51.58 50.78 46.93 43.57 40.69 36.04 32.20 29.19
55.16 71.92 70.48 69.36 67.92 66.64 65.36 64.07 62.95 60.87 58.79 57.83 53.50 49.66 46.45 41.01 36.68 33.32
62.05 80.89 79.29 78.01 76.25 74.81 73.36 72.08 70.80 68.24 66.00 64.87 60.07 55.74 52.06 45.97 41.33 37.32
68.95 89.70 87.94 86.50 84.58 82.98 81.37 79.93 78.49 75.77 73.20 72.08 66.64 61.83 57.83 51.10 45.81 41.49

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Density units conversion:

Density converter

kilogram/cubic meter [kg/m3] = gram/liter [g/l], kilogram/liter [kg/l] = gram/cubic centimeter [g/cm3]= ton(metric)/cubic meter [t/m3], once/gallon(US liquid) [oz/gal(US liq)] pound/cubic inch [lb/in3], pound/cubic foot [lb/ft3], pound/gallon(UK) [lb/gal(UK)], pound/gallon(US liquid) [lb/gal(US liq)], slug/cubic foot [sl/ft3], ton(short)/cubic yard [ton(short)/yd3], ton(long)/cubic yard [yd3]

  • 1 g/cm3 = 1 kg/l = 1000 kg/m3 = 62.428 lb/ft3 = 0.03613 lb/in3 = 1.9403 sl/ft3 = 10.0224 lb/gal(UK) = 8.3454 lb/gal(US liq) = 0.5780 oz/in= 0.7525 ton(long)/yr3
  • 1 g/l = 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 kg/l = 0.000001 kg/cm3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.99885 oz/ft3  = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal(UK) = 0.1335 oz/gal(US liq) = 0.06243 lb/ft3 = 3.6127x10-5 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal(UK) = 0.0083454 lb/gal(US liq) = 0.0007525 ton(long)/yd= 0.0008428 ton(short)/yd3
  • 1 kg/l = 1 g/cm3 = 1000 kg/m3 = 62.428 lb/ft3 = 0.03613 lb/in3 = 1.9403 sl/ft3 = 8.3454 lb/gal(US liq) = 0.5780 oz/in= 0.7525 ton(long)/yr3
  • 1 kg/m3 = 1 g/l = 0.001 kg/l = 0.000001 kg/cm3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.99885 oz/ft3  = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal(UK) = 0.1335 oz/gal(US liq) = 0.06243 lb/ft3 = 3.6127x10-5 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal(UK) = 0.008345 lb/gal(US liq) = 0.0007525 ton(long)/yd = 0.0008428 ton(short)/yd
  • 1 lb/ft3 = 27 lb/yd3 = 0.009259 oz/in= 0.0005787 lb/in= 16.01845 kg/m3 = 0.01602 g/cm3  = 0.1605 lb/gal(UK) = 0.1349 lb/gal(US liq) = 2.5687 oz/gal(UK) = 2.1389 oz/gal(US liq) = 0.01205 ton(long)/yd3 = 0.0135 ton(short)/yd3
  • 1 lb/gal(UK) = 0.8327 lb/gal(US liq) = 16 oz/gal(UK) = 13.323 oz/gal(US liq) = 168.179 lb/yd3 = 6.2288 lb/ft3 = 0.003605 lb/in3 = 0.05767 oz/in = 99.7764 kg/m3 = 0.09977 g/cm3  = 0.07508 ton(long)/yd3 = 0.08409 ton(short)/yd3
  • 1 lb/gal(US liq) = 1.2009 lb/gal(UK) = 19.215 oz/gal(UK) = 16 oz/gal(US liq) = 201.97 lb/yd3 = 7.4805 lb/ft3 = 0.004329 lb/in3 = 0.06926 oz/in = 119.826 kg/m3 = 0.1198 g/cm3  = 0.09017 ton(long)/yd3 = 0.1010 ton(short)/yd3
  • 1 lb/in3 = 1728 lb/ft3 = 46656 lb/yd3 = 16 oz/in= 27680 kg/m3 = 27.680 g/cm3  = 277.419 lb/gal(UK) = 231 lb/gal(US liq) =4438.7 oz/gal(UK) = 3696 oz/gal(US liq) = 20.8286 ton(long)/yd3 = 23.3280 ton(short)/yd3
  • 1 oz/gal(UK) =  0.8327 oz/gal(US liq) = 6.2360 kg/m3 = 6.2288 oz/ft3 = 0.3893 lb/ft3 = 10.5112 lb/yd3
  • 1 oz/gal(US liq) = 1.2009 oz/gal(UK) = 7.4892 kg/m3 = 7.4805 oz/ft3 = 0.4675 lb/ft3 = 12.6234 lb/yd3
  • 1 sl/ft3 = 515.3788 kg/m3 = 514.7848 oz/ft3 = 0.2979 oz/in3 = 32.1741 lb/ft3 = 82.645 oz/gal(UK) = 68.817 oz/gal(US liq) 
  • 1 ton(long)/yd3 = 1.12 ton(short)/yd3 = 1328.94 kg/m3 = 0.7682 oz/in3 = 82.963 lb/ft3 = 2240 lb/yd3 = 2.5786 sl/ft3 = 13.319 lb/gal(UK) = 11.0905 lb/gal(US liq)
  • 1 ton(short)/yd3 = 0.8929 ton(long)/yd3 = 1186.55 kg/m3 = 0.6859 oz/in3 = 74.074 lb/ft3 = 2000 lb/yd3 = 2.3023 sl/ft3 = 11.8921 lb/gal(UK) = 9.9023 lb/gal(US liq)

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Examples

The density of air can be calculated as

ρ = 1.325 pin Hg / TR         

   = 2.7 ppsia / TR      

   = 2.7 (ppsig + 14.7) / (TF + 459.7)                                                    (1)

where

ρ = density (lb/ft3)

pin Hg = absolute pressure (inches Hg)

TR = absolute temperature (Rankine)

ppsia = absolute pressure (psia)

ppsig = gage pressure (psig)

T= temperature (oF)

Example - Weight of Air

The density of air at pressure 29.92 inches Hg at 100 degrees F can be calculated as

ρ = 1.325 (29.92 inches Hg) / ((100 oF) + 459.7)     

   = 0.0708 lb/ft3

The weight of 10 ft3 air can be calculated as

W = (10 ft3) (0.071 lb/ft3)

    = 0.708 lb

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