Densities of Wood Species

Densities of wood species like apple, ash, cedar, elm and more

Densities of seasoned & dry wood are indicated in the table below:

SolidDensity
(kg/m3) (lb/ft3)*)
Alder 400 - 700 26 - 42
Afrormosia 710
Agba 510
Apple 650 - 850 41 - 52
Ash, white 650 - 850 40 - 53
Ash, black 540 33
Ash, European 710
Aspen 420 26
Balsa 160 7 - 9
Bamboo 300 - 400 19 - 25
Basswood 300 - 600 20 - 37
Beech 700 - 900 32 - 56
Birch, British 670 42
Birch, European 670
Box 950 - 1200 59 - 72
Butternut 380 24
Cedar of Lebanon 580
Cedar, western red 380 23
Cherry, European 630 43- 56
Chestnut, sweet 560 30
Cottonwood 410 25
Cypress 510 32
Dogwood 750 47
Douglas Fir 530 33
Ebony 1100 - 1300 69 - 83
Elm, American 570 35
Elm, English 550 - 600 34 - 37
Elm, Dutch 560
Elm, Wych 690
Elm, Rock 820 50
Gaboon 430
Greenheart 1040
Gum, Black 590 36
Gum, Blue 820 50
Gum, Red 540 35
Hackberry 620 38
Hemlock, western 500
Hickory 830 37 - 58
Holly 750 47
Iroko 660
Juniper 550 35
Keruing 740
Larch 500 - 550 31 - 35
Lignum Vitae 1170 - 1330 73 - 83
Lime, European 560
Locust 650 - 700 42 - 44
Logwood 900 57
Madrone 740 45
Magnolia 570 35
Mahogany, African 500 - 850 31 - 53
Mahogany, Cuban 660 40
Mahogany, Honduras 650 41
Mahogany, Spanish 850 53
Maple 600 - 750 39 - 47
Meranti, dark red 710
Myrtle 660 40
Oak 600 - 900 37 - 56
Oak, American Red 740 45
Oak, American White 770 47
Oak, English Brown 740 45
Obeche 390
Oregon Pine 530 33
Parana Pine 560 35
Pear 600 - 700 38 - 45
Pecan 770 47
Persimmon 900 55
Philippine Red Luan 590 36
Pine, pitch 670 52 - 53
Pine, Corsican 510
Pine, radiata 480
Pine, Scots 510
Pine, white 350 - 500 22 - 31
Pine, yellow 420 23 - 37
Plane, European 640
Plum 650 - 800 41 - 49
Poplar 350 - 500 22 - 31
Ramin 670
Redwood, American 450 28
Redwood, European 510 32
Rosewood, Bolivian 820 50
Rosewood, East Indian 900 55
Sapele 640
Satinwood 950 59
Spruce 400 - 700 25 - 44
Spruce, Canadian 450 28
Spruce, Norway 430
Spruce, Sitka 450 28
Spruce, western white 450
Sycamore 400 - 600 24 - 37
Tanguile 640 39
Teak, Indian 650 - 900 41 - 55
Teak, African 980 61
Teak, Burma 740 45
Utile 660
Walnut 650 - 700 40 - 43
Walnut, Amer Black 630 38
Walnut, Claro 490 30
Walnut, European 570 35
Water gum 1000 62
Whitewood, European 470
Willow 400 - 600 24 - 37
Yew 670
Zebrawood 790 48
  • 1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

After felling, timber will lose moisture to align itself with the atmospheric conditions. Moisture content should be lower than 20% to stop fungal attack. Seasoning is the name of the process where moisture content is reduced to the appropriate level for proposed use.

Shrinkage will occurs as a result of the moisture loss - typical 3-4% across the grain.

Related Topics

  • Material Properties - Material properties for gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more
  • Density - Density of different solid materials, liquids and gases. Definitions and convertion calculators.

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