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Hardwood and Softwood Species

Species of hardwood vs. softwood.

  • Softwood - woods that come from gymnosperms (mostly conifers plants)
  • Hardwood - woods that come from angiosperms (flowering plants)

Some typical hardwoods and softwoods:


  • Alder, red
  • Apple
  • Ash, black
  • Ash, green
  • Ash, white
  • Aspen
  • Basswood, American
  • Beech, American
  • Birch, paper
  • Birch, sweet
  • Birch, yellow
  • Cherry, black
  • Chestnut, American
  • Cottonwood
  • Elm, American
  • Elm, cedar
  • Elm, rock
  • Hackberry
  • Hickory, bitternut
  • Hickory, mockernut
  • Hickory, pignut
  • Hickory, red
  • Hickory, sand
  • Hickory, water
  • Magnolia
  • Maple, silver
  • Maple, sugar
  • Oak, California black
  • Oak, northern red
  • Oak, southern red
  • Oak, water
  • Oak, white
  • Oak, willow
  • Sweetgum
  • Sycamore, American
  • Tupelo, black
  • Tupelo, swamp
  • Tupelo, water
  • Walnut, black
  • Yellow-poplar


  • Baldcypress
  • Cedar, eastern red
  • Cedar, incense
  • Cedar, Port-Orford
  • Cedar, western red
  • Cedar, yellow
  • Douglas-fir, coast type
  • Fir, balsam
  • Fir, grand
  • Fir, noble
  • Fir, Pacific silver
  • Fir, white
  • Hemlock, eastern
  • Hemlock, western
  • Larch, western
  • Pine, loblolly
  • Pine, lodgepole
  • Pine, longleaf
  • Pine, ponderosa
  • Pine, red
  • Pine, shortleaf
  • Pine, sugar
  • Pine, western white
  • Redwood, old growth
  • Spruce, black
  • Spruce, Engelmann
  • Spruce, Sitka
  • Tamarack

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    Properties of gases, fluids and solids. Densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.

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