# STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

## The definition of STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure and NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

Since temperature and air pressure varies from place to place a standard reference is necessary for comparing the testing and the documentation of chemical and physical processes.

**Note!** There is a variety of alternative definitions for standard reference conditions of temperature and pressure. STP, NTP and other definitions should therefore be used with care. It is always important to know the reference temperature and reference pressure for the actual definition used.

STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure

STP is commonly used to define standard conditions for temperature and pressure which is important for the measurements and documentation of chemical and physical processes:

*STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure - is defined by IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) as air at 0*^{o}C (273.15 K, 32^{ o}F) and 10^{5}pascals (1 bar).*STP - commonly used in the Imperial and USA system of units - as air at 60*^{o}F (520^{o}R,*15.6*^{o}C*) and 14.696 psia (1 atm, 1.01325 bara)*- also named "1 Standard Atmosphere"
- At these conditions, the volume of 1 mol of a gas is 23.6442 liters.
- These conditions are the most commonly used to define the volume term
**Sm**(Standard cubic meter)^{3 }

**Note!** The earlier IUAPC definition of STP to *273.15 K* and* 1 atm (1.01325 10 ^{5} Pa)* is discontinued. However,

- These conditions are still the most commonly used to define the volume term
**Nm**(Normal cubic meter)^{3 } - At these conditions, the volume of 1 mol of a gas is 22.4136 liters.

*1 Pa = 10 ^{-6} N/mm^{2} = 10^{-5} bar = 0.1020 kp/m^{2} = 1.02x10^{-4} m H_{2}O = 9.869x10^{-6} atm = 1.45x10^{-4} psi (lbf/in^{2})*

### NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure

NTP is commonly used as a standard condition for testing and documentation of fan capacities:

*NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure - is defined as air at 20*^{o}C (293.15 K, 68^{o}F) and 1 atm (*101.325 kN/m*^{2}, 101.325 kPa, 14.7 psia, 0 psig, 29.92 in Hg, 407 in H_{2}O, 760 torr). Density 1.204 kg/m^{3}(0.075 pounds per cubic foot)- At these conditions, the volume of 1 mol of a gas is 24.0548 liters.

#### Example - Fan Pressure Increase

A fan that produce a static pressure of *3 in H _{2}O* (a good average value) - will increase the absolute air pressure by

*((3 in H _{2}O) / (407 in H_{2}O)) (100 %) = 0.74 %*

### SATP - Standard Ambient Temperature and Pressure

SATP - Standard Ambient Temperature and Pressure is also used in chemistry as a reference:

*SATP - Standard Ambient Temperature and Pressure is a reference with temperature of 25*^{o}C (298.15 K) and pressure of 101.325 kPa.- At these conditions, the volume of 1 mol of a gas is 24.4651 liters.

ISA - International Standard Atmosphere

ISA - International Standard Atmosphere is used as a reference to aircraft performance:

*ISA - International Standard Atmosphere is defined to 101.325 kPa, 15*^{o}C and 0% humidity.

ICAO Standard Atmosphere

Standard model of the atmosphere adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):

- Atmospheric pressure:
*760 mmHg = 14.7 lbs-force/sq inch* - Temperature:
*15*^{o}C = 288.15 K = 59^{o}F

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