# Mollier Diagram for Water-Steam

## Enthalpy-entropy diagram for water and steam

The diagram below can be used to determine enthalpy versus entropy of water and steam.

The Mollier diagram is useful when analyzing the performance of adiabatic steady-flow processes, such as flow in nozzles, diffusers, turbines and compressors.

See also Water - Enthalpy (H) and Entropy (S) for figures and tabulated values at varying temperatures

### Dryness Fraction

The quantity of *saturated vapor* in unit mass of *wet vapor*, denoted by* x*, is referred to as the

dryness fraction,orquality,

of the vapor.

### Convert to other Units

*1 bar = 10*^{5}Pa (N/m^{2}) = 0.1 N/mm^{2}= 10,197 kp/m^{2}= 10.20 m H_{2}O = 0.9869 atm = 14.50 psi (lb_{f}/in^{2}) = 10^{6}dyn/cm^{2}= 750 mmHg*1 kJ/kg = 0.4299 Btu/ lb*_{m}= 0.23884 kcal/kg

### Example - Enthalpy

The enthalpy in saturated steam (*x = 1, the bold red line in the diagram) *with pressure *10 bar* can be estimated to aprox.

*2770 kJ/kg*

The value can be verified by using the steam table.

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