Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

This is an AMP page - Open full page! for all features.

Metals - Specific Heats

Sponsored Links

The specific heat of metals and metalloids (semimetals) are given in the table below.

See also tabulated values for gases, food and foodstuff, common liquids and fluids, common solids and other common substances as well as values of molar specific heat for common organic substances and inorganic substances.

Metals - Specific Heats
MetalSpecific Heat
- cp -
(kJ/(kg K))

Aluminum 0.91
Antimony 0.21
Barium 0.20
Beryllium 1.83
Bismuth 0.13
Cadmium 0.23
Calsium 0.63
Carbon Steel 0.49
Cast Iron 0.46
Cesium 0.24
Chromium 0.46
Cobalt 0.42
Copper 0.39
Gallium 0.37
Germanium 0.32
Gold 0.13
Hafnium 0.14
Indium 0.24
Iridium 0.13
Iron 0.45
Lanthanum 0.195
Lead 0.13
Lithium 3.57
Lutetium 0.15
Magnesium 1.05
Manganese 0.48
Mercury 0.14
Molybdenum 0.25
Nickel 0.44
Niobium (Columbium) 0.27
Osmium 0.13
Palladium 0.24
Platinum 0.13
Plutonium 0.13
Potassium 0.75
Rhenium 0.14
Rhodium 0.24
Rubidium 0.36
Ruthenium 0.24
Scandium 0.57
Selenium 0.32
Silicon 0.71
Silver 0.23
Sodium 1.21
Strontium 0.30
Tantalum 0.14
Thallium 0.13
Thorium 0.13
Tin 0.21
Titanium 0.54
Tungsten 0.13
Uranium 0.12
Vanadium 0.39
Yttrium 0.30
Zinc 0.39
Zirconium 0.27
Wrought Iron 0.50

Metalloids - also known as semimetals - are elements containing properties similar and midway between metals and nonmetals.

  • 1 J/(kg K) = 2.389x10-4 kcal/(kg oC) = 2.389x10-4 Btu/(lbm oF)
  • 1 kJ/(kg K) = 0.2389 kcal/(kg oC) = 0.2389 Btu/(lbm oF) = 103 J/(kg oC) = 1 J/(g oC)
  • 1 Btu/(lbm oF) = 4186.8 J/ (kg K) = 1 kcal/(kg oC)
  • 1 kcal/(kg oC) = 4186.8 J/ (kg K) = 1 Btu/(lbm oF)

For conversion of units, use the Specific heat online unit converter.

See also tabulated values for Gases, Food and foodstuffCommon liquids and fluids, Common solids and other Common substances as well as values of molar specific heat for common organic substances and inorganic substances.

Heating Energy

The energy required to heat a product can be calculated as

q = cp m dt                                           (1)


q = heat required (kJ)

cp = specific heat (kJ/kg K, kJ/kg C°)

dt = temperature difference (K, C°)

Example - Heating Carbon Steel

2 kg of carbon steel is heated from 20 oC to 100 oC. The specific heat of carbon steel is 0.49 kJ/kgC° and the heat required can be calculated as

q = (0.49 kJ/kg oC) (2 kg) ((100 oC) - (20 oC)) 

     = 78.4 (kJ)

Sponsored Links

Related Topics

Material Properties

Material properties of gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.


Work, heat and energy systems.

Related Documents

Aluminum - Radiation Heat Emissivity

Radiation heat emissivity of unoxidized, oxidized and polished aluminum.

Aluminum - Thermophysical Properties

Density, specific heat and thermal conductivity related to temperature.

Aluminum Alloys - Mechanical Properties

Mechanical properties of aluminum alloys - tensile strength, yield strength and more.

Chromium - Specific Heat and Thermal Conductivities vs. Temperatures

Specific heat and thermal conductivity of chromium related to temperature.

Galvanic Corrosion vs. Electrode Potential

Introduction to electro chemical series and corrosion of metals.

Heat Capacity

The amount of heat required to change the temperature of a substance by one degree.

Heat, Work and Energy

Heat vs. work vs. energy.

Inorganic Compounds in Water - Melting and Boiling Temperature, Density and Solubility

Physical constants for more than 280 common inorganic compounds. Density is given for the actual state at 25°C and for liquid phase at melting point temperature.

Iron - Density, Specific Heats and Thermal Conductivities vs. Temperatures

Specific heat, density and thermal conductivity of iron related to temperature.

Lead Binary Eutectic Alloys - Melting Points

Pb - Lead (Plumbum) - binary eutectic alloys and melting points.

Magnesium Binary Eutectic Alloys - Melting Points

Mg - Magnesium - binary eutectic alloys and melting points.

Metals - Boiling Temperatures

Metals and their boiling temperatures.

Metals - Corrosion Resistance to Aggresive Fluids

Common metals and their corrosion resistance to aggressive fluids like acids, bases and more.

Metals - Latent Heat of Fusion

Metals and their latent heat of fusion.

Metals - Machinability

The machinability of some common metals.

Metals and Alloys - Densities

Densities of some common metals, metallic elements and alloys - aluminum, bronze, copper, iron and more.

Metals and Alloys - Melting Temperatures

The melting temperatures for some common metals and alloys.

Metals, Metallic Elements and Alloys - Thermal Conductivities

Thermal conductivities of common metals, metallic elements aand alloys.

Mixing Fluids

Final mass and temperature when mixing fluids.

Poisson's Ratios Metals

Some metals and their Poisson's Ratios.

Polymers - Specific Heats

Specific heat of polymers like epoxy, PET, polycarbonate and more.

Solids - Specific Heats

Common solids - like brick, cement, glass and many more - and their specific heats - in Imperial and SI units.

Solids and Metals - Specific Gravities

Specific gravity for common solids and metals like aluminum, asbestos, brass, calcium and many others.

Specific Heat - Online Unit Converter

Online specific heat converter with the most commonly used units.

Specific Heat of common Substances

Specific heat of products like wet mud, granite, sandy clay, quartz sand and more.

Standard enthalpy of formation, Gibbs energy of formation, entropy and molar heat capacity of organic substances

The standard enthalpy of formation, Gibbs energy of formation, entropy and molar heat capacity are tabulated for more than hundred organic substances.

Standard State and Enthalpy of Formation, Gibbs Free Energy of Formation, Entropy and Heat Capacity

Definition and explanation of the terms standard state and standard enthalpy of formation, with listing of values for standard enthalpy and Gibbs free energy of formation, as well as standard entropy and molar heat capacity, of 370 inorganic compounds.

Sponsored Links

Search Engineering ToolBox

  • the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!


We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience.

Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. We don't save this data.

Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Please read Google Privacy & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected.

AddThis use cookies for handling links to social media. Please read AddThis Privacy for more information.