- cp -
For conversion of units, use the Specific heat online unit converter.
See also tabulated values of specific heat of Gases, Food and foodstuff, Metals and semimetals, Common solids and other Common substances.
The energy required to heat a product can be calculated as
q = cp m dt (1)
q = heat required (kJ)
cp = specific heat (kJ/kg K, kJ/kg oC)
dt = temperature difference (K, oC)
10 kg of water is heated from 20 oC to 100 oC - a temperature difference 80 oC (K). The heat required can be calculated as
q = (4.19 kJ/kg K) (10 kg) (80 oC)
= 3352 kJ
Material properties of gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.
Work, heat and energy systems.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing dynamic (absolute) and kinematic viscosity of gasous and liquid ammonia at temperatures ranging from -73 to 425°C (-100 to 800°F) at pressure ranging from 1 to 1000 bara (14.5 - 14500 psia) - SI and Imperial Units.
Figures and tables showing how the properties of liquid and gaseous ammonia changes along the boiling/condensation curve (temperature and pressure between triple point and critical point conditions). An ammonia phase diagram are included.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing specific heat, CP and CV, of gasous and liquid ammonia at temperatures ranging from -73 to 425°C (-100 to 800°F) at pressure ranging from 1 to 100 bara (14.5 - 1450 psia) - SI and Imperial Units.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing thermal conductivity of liquid and gaseous ammonia at temperatures ranging -70 to 425 °C (-100 to 800 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
Chemical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Ammonia. Phase diagram included.
Figures and table with ammonia saturation pressure at boiling points, SI and Imperial units.
Online calculator with figures and tables showing density and specific weight of ammonia for temperatures ranging -50 to 425 °C (-50 to 800 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
Electric heating of an object or mass - temperature change vs. energy supplied.
Specific heat of common food and foodstuff like apples, bass, beef, pork and many more.
Specific heat at constant volume, specific heat at constant pressure, specific heat ratio and individual gas constant - R - common gases as argon, air, ether, nitrogen and many more.
Density, specific heat, dynamic and kinematic viscosity and thermal conductivity of gasoline vs. temperature
The amount of heat required to change the temperature of a substance by one degree.
Energy required to heat up a substance.
Recommended max. suction flow velocities when pumping light oils.
Density, specific heat, thermal conductivity, viscosity and Prandtls no. of liquid ammonia at saturation pressure.
Final mass and temperature when mixing fluids.
Calculate the final temperature when liquids or solids are mixed
Heat loss from lagged and unlagged, sheltered and exposed oil tanks.
Heat emission from steam or water heating pipes submerged in oil or fat - forced and natural circulation.
Specific heat of polymers like epoxy, PET, polycarbonate and more.
Common solids - like brick, cement, glass and many more - and their specific heats - in Imperial and SI units.
Online specific heat converter with the most commonly used units.
Calculate temperature expansion with carbon steel pipes.
Energy stored as sensible heat in materials.
Density of sulfuric acid at various temperatures and concentrations.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing specific heat of liquid water at constant volume or constant pressure at temperatures from 0 to 360 °C (32-700 °F) - SI and Imperial units.
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