Sizing of steam and condensate pipe lines - pressure loss, recommended velocity, capacity and more.
Friction or major resistance in condensate pipe lines.
Flow and pressure loss in condensate return lines - SI Units.
Calculate flash steam generation in condensate pipe lines.
Cavitation of impellers increases with water temperatures.
Comparing flow coefficients Cv to flow factors Kv.
Calculate fluid velocity and volume flow in pipes and tubes.
Pipes expands when heated and contracts when cooled and the expansion can be expressed with the expansion equation.
Water content in steel pipes and copper tubes.
Expansion and contraction when cast iron, carbon and carbon molybdenum steel, wrought iron, copper, brass and aluminum pipes are heated or cooled.
The steam velocity in a steam distribution system should be within certain limits to avoid excessive wear and tear
Steam table with sensible, latent and total heat, and specific volume at different gauge pressures and temperatures.
Steam is a compressible gas where pipe line mass flow capacity depends on steam pressure.
Steam is a compressible gas where the capacity of a pipe line depends on the size of the pipe and the steam pressure.
Maximum capacities for condensate pipe lines in kW steam consumption.
Max. capacities (lb/hour) in gravity condensate return lines.
Calculate the stress in steam boiler shells caused by steam pressure.
Flow rate (lb/h) and pressure drop per 100 feet of pipe.
Calculating the amount of steam in non-flow batch and continuous flow heating processes.
Steam systems carries heat through pipes from the boiler to consumers as heat exchangers, process equipment etc.
An introduction to the basic design of steam heating systems.
Calculate pressure drops in steam distribution pipe lines.
Steam pipes and pressure drop diagrams - imperial and metric units.
Sizing of steam pipe lines - major and minor loss in steam distribution systems.
Thermal expansion of steam pipes heated from room temperature to operation temperature (mm pr. 100 m pipe).
Selection of steam traps and their safety factors.
Calculating and sizing steel pipe thermal expansion loops.
Expansion of steam pipes heated from room temperature to operation temperature.