The force ratio is the load force versus the effort force.
A machine is a device that can change the magnitude and line of the action of force.
Examples of machines are
- pulley systems
- gear systems
A simple machine amplifies the input (effort) force to a larger output (load) force. The force ratio can be expressed as
Fr = F / S (1)
Fr = force ratio - mechanical advantage
F = load force (N, lbf)
S = effort force (N, lbf)
Example - Force Ratio for Pulley
The effort force for a pulley with 4 ropes, no friction loss (μ = 1) and load 100 kg is calculated to 245 N.
The force ratio can be estimated to
Fr = (100 kg) (9.81 m/s2) / (245 N)