Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

Pneumatic Cylinders - Force Exerted

Pneumatic air cylinders - air pressure and force exerted calculator

Sponsored Links

Single Acting Cylinder

Pneumatic air cylinder - force exerted

The force exerted by a single acting pneumatic cylinder can be expressed as

F = p A

= p π d2 / 4                                           (1)

where

F = force exerted (N)

p = gauge pressure (N/m2, Pa)

A = full bore area (m2)

d = full bore piston diameter (m)

Single Acting Cylinder Calculator  - Output Stroke

Calculate Force with known Pressure and Diameter

Pressure (kPa) (1 bar = 100 kPa)

Cylinder Diameter (mm)

Calculate required Diameter with known Force and Pressure

Force (N)

Pressure (kPa)

Calculate required Pressure with known Force and Diameter

Force (N)

Diameter (mm)

Example - Single Acting Piston

The force exerted by a single acting pneumatic cylinder with 1 bar (105 N/m2) and full bore diameter of 100 mm (0.1 m) can be calculated as

F = p π d2 / 4

    = (105 N/m2) π (0.1 m)2 / 4

    = 785 N

    = 0.785 kN

Air Cylinder - Pressure/Force Diagram

SI-units

Pneumatic air cylinder - acting force vs. pressure diagram - kPa

Imperial Units

Pneumatic air cylinder - acting force vs. pressure diagram - psi

Double Acting Cylinder

Pneumatic cylinder - double acting

The force exerted by double acting pneumatic cylinder on outstroke can be expressed as (1). The force exerted on instroke can be expressed as

F = p π (d12 - d22) / 4                                     (2)

where

d1 = full bore piston diameter (m)

d2 = piston rod diameter (m)

Double Acting Cylinder Calculator  - Input Stroke

Calculate Force with known Pressure and Diameter

Pressure (kPa)

Cylinder Diameter (mm)

Piston Rod Diameter (mm)

Calculate required Diameter with known Force and Pressure

Force (N)

Pressure (kPa)

Piston Rod Diameter (mm)

Calculate required Pressure with known Force and Diameter

Force (N)

Diameter (mm)

Piston Rod Diameter (mm)

Example - Double Acting Piston

The force exerted from a single acting pneumatic cylinder with 1 bar (105 N/m2), full bore diameter of 100 mm (0.1 m) and rod diameter 10 mm (0.01 m) can be calculated as

F = p π (d12 - d22) / 4

    = (105 N/m2) π [(0.1 m)2 - (0.01 m)2] / 4

    = 778 N

    = 0.78 kN

  • instroke capacity is reduced compared to outstroke capacity - due to the rod and reduced active pressurized areal
Sponsored Links

Related Topics

Related Documents

Tag Search

  • en: pneumatic cylinder force pressure area
Sponsored Links

Search the Engineering ToolBox

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox Extension to SketchUp - add parametric components to your SketchUp model

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro .Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp Pro Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Translate this page to
About the Engineering ToolBox!

Citation

This page can be cited as

  • Engineering ToolBox, (2008). Pneumatic Cylinders - Force Exerted. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/pneumatic-cylinder-force-d_1273.html [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

Modify access date.

Customize Ads in the ToolBox

Make ads more useful in Google Ad Settings .

. .

close

3D Engineering ToolBox - draw and model technical applications! 2D Engineering ToolBox - create and share online diagram drawing templates! Engineering ToolBox Apps - mobile online and offline engineering applications!

Scientific Online Calculator

Scientific Calculator

10 12

Sponsored Links
.