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# Pipes Submerged in Oil or Fat - Heat Emission

## Heat emission from steam or water heating pipes submerged in oil or fat - forced and natural circulation.

The viscosity of a fluid has considerable influence on the heat transfered from a submerged heating pipe. Be aware that the viscosity of a fluid is highly dependent on the temperature.

Heat emission from steam pipes submerged in oil baths are indicated below:

ApplicationFluidHeat Emission from coil surface
(Btu/ft2 hr oF)(W/m2 oC)
Steam coil with medium steam pressure and natural convection of oil Light Oils 30 170
Heavy Oils 15 - 20 85 - 115
Fats 5 - 10 30 - 60
Steam coil with medium pressure and forced convection of oil Light Oils 100 570
Heavy Oils 60 340
Fats 30 170
• Light oils - 220 SSU at 100 oF
• Heavy oils - 1100 SSU at 100 oF
• Fats - 3833 SSU at 100 oF

### Example - Heat Emission from a 2" Coil in a Fat Tank

A 10 m long 2" inch stainless steel steam coil heats a tank with fat. The steam pressure is 1 bar and the temperature in the coil is 120 oC. The temperature in the tank is 40 oC. The convection is natural with heat emission 50 W/m2oC.

The outside diameter of the pipe is 60.3 mm and the external surface of the pipe pr. m length of pipe can be calculated as

As = 2 π ((0.063 m) / 2) (1 m)

= 0.2 m2/m pipe

The heat emission from the coil as whole can be calculated as

Q = (10 m) (0.2 m2/m pipe) (50 W/m2oC) ((120 oC) - (40 oC))

= 8000 W

= 8 kW

## Related Topics

• Steam and Condensate - Steam & condensate systems- properties, capacities, pipe sizing, systems configuration and more.
• Heating - Heating systems - capacity and design of boilers, pipelines, heat exchangers, expansion systems and more.
• Heat Loss and Insulation - Steam and condensate pipes - heat loss uninsulated and insulated pipes, insulation thickness and more.

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## Unit Converters

Temperature

oC
oF

Length

m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
naut miles

Area

m2
km2
in2
ft2
miles2
acres

Volume

m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal

Weight

kgf
N
lbf

Velocity

m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph
knots

Pressure

Pa (N/m2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm2
psi
inches H2O

Flow

m3/s
m3/h
US gpm
cfm

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