Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol), C2H5OH, is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor. It is produced via petrochemical processes or naturally by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts.
Ethanol is most commonly consumed as a popular recreational drug. It is a psychoactive substance and is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks. It also has medical applications as an antiseptic and disinfectant. The compound is widely used as a chemical solvent, either for scientific chemical testing or in synthesis of other organic compounds. Ethanol is also used as a clean-burning fuel source.
The phase diagram of ethanol is shown below the table.
Chemical, physical and thermal properties of ethanol:
Values are given for liquid at 25oC /77oF / 298 K and 1 bara, if not other phase, temperature or pressure given.
For full table with Imperial Units - rotate the screen!
|Density (gas) at 0.08 bar||3.15||mol/m3||0.145||kg/m3||0.00028||slug/ft3||0.0091||lb/ft3|
|Flammable (gas and liquid)||yes|
|Gas constant (individual) - R||180.5||J/kg K||0.05013||Wh/(kg K)||1079||[ft lbf/slug °R]||33.54||[ft lbf/lb °R]|
|Gibbs free energy of formation (gas)||-168||kJ/mol||-3647||kJ/kg||-1568||Btu/lb|
|Specific heat capacity, Cp (isobaric) (gas)||74||J/mol K||1.60||kJ/kg K||0.383||Btu/lb°F or cal/g K|
|Specific heat capacity, Cp (liquid)||118||J/mol K||2.57||kJ/kg K||0.614||Btu/lb°F or cal/g K|
|Specific heat capacity, Cv (isochoric) (gas)||65||J/mol K||1.42||kJ/kg K||0.339||Btu/lb°F or cal/g K|
|Specific heat capacity, Cv (liquid)||100||J/mol K||2.18||kJ/kg K||0.520||Btu/lb°F or cal/g K|
|Heat (enthalpy) of combustion (gas)||1336.8||kJ/mol||29017||kJ/kg||12.5||Btu/lb|
|Heat (enthalpy) of formation (gas)||-234||kJ/mol||-5079||kJ/kg||-2184||Btu/lb|
|Heat (enthalpy) of fusion at -173°F/-114°C||4.9||kJ/mol||106||kJ/kg||45.73||Btu/lb|
|Heat (enthalpy) of evaporation||42.32||kJ/mol||919||kJ/kg||394.94||Btu/lb|
|log KOW (Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient)||-0.31|
|Solubility in water||1000||mg/ml|
|Sound velocity in liquid||1139||m/s||3736||ft/s||2551||mi/h|
|Sound velocity in gas, at 0.08 bara||246||m/s||807||ft/s||551||mi/h|
|Specific Gravity (gas) (relativ to air)||1.59|
|Specific Gravity (liquid) (relativ to water)||0.79|
|Specific Heat Ratio (gas) - Cp/Cv||1.13|
|Specific Heat Ratio (liquid) - Cp/Cv||1.18|
|Specific Volume (gas), at 0.08 bar||0.318||m3/mol||6.90||m3/kg||3554||ft3/slug||110||ft3/lb|
|Specific Volume, (liquid)||0.0000587||m3/mol||0.00127||m3/kg||0.656||ft3/slug||0.0204||ft3/lb|
|Standard molar entropy, S° (gas)||283||J/mol K||6.14||kJ/kg K||1.47||Btu/lb °F|
|Standard molar entropy, S° (liquid)||160||J/mol K||3.47||kJ/kg K||0.83||Btu/lb °F|
|Thermal Conductivity||0.167||W/m K||0.0965||Btu/hr ft °F|
|Triple point pressure||4.3x10-10||MPa=MN/m2||4.3x10-9||bara||4.24x10-9||atm||6.24x10-8||psia=lbf/in2|
|Triple point temperature||150.00||K||-123.15||°C||-189.67||°F|
|Vapor (saturation) pressure||0.008||MPa=MN/m2||60.0||mm Hg||0.0790||atm||1.16||psi=lbf/in2|
|Viscosity, dynamic (absolute)||1.074||cP||721.7||[lbm /ft s*10-6]||22.43||[lbf s/ft2 *10-6]|
Follow the links below to get values for the listed properties of ethanol at varying pressure and temperature:
- Density and specific weight
- Dynamic and kinematic viscosity
- Specific Heat (Heat Capacity), Cp and Cv
See also more about atmospheric pressure, and STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure,
as well as Thermophysical properties of: Acetone, Acetylene, Air, Ammonia, Argon, Benzene, Butane, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ethane, Ethylene, Helium, Hydrogen, Hydrogen sulfide, Methane, Methanol, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Pentane, Propane, Toluene, Water and Heavy water, D2O.
The phase diagram for ethanol shows the phase behavior with changes in temperature and pressure. The curve between the critical point and the triple point shows the ethanol boiling point with changes in pressure. It also shows the saturation pressure with changes in temperature.
At the critical point there is no change of state when pressure is increased or if heat is added.
The triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium.
Boiling points of elements, products and chemical species at varying conditions.
Densities of solids, liquids and gases. Definitions and convertion calculators.
The study of fluids - liquids and gases. Involving velocity, pressure, density and temperature as functions of space and time.
Material properties of gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.
Melting and freezing points of elements and chemical species at varying conditions.
Work, heat and energy systems.
Viscosities of products and chemical species at varying conditions.
Chemical, physical and thermal properties of acetone, also called 2-propanone, dimethyl ketone and pyroacetic acid. Phase diagram included.
Chemical, physical and thermal properties of benzene, also called benzol. Phase diagram included.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing dynamic and kinematic viscosity of ethanol, C2H5OH, at varying temperature and pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of ethanol at temperatures ranging from -25 to 325 °C (-10 to 620 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
Online calculators, figures and tables showing specific heat , Cp and Cv, of gasous and liquid ethanol at temperatures ranging from -25 to 325 °C (-10 to 620 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
Density of Ethyl Alcohol aqueous solutions.
Chemical, physical and thermal properties of ethylene, also called ethene, acetene and olefiant gas. Phase diagram included.
Chemical, physical and thermal properties of methanol, CH3OH (also called carbinol, wood alcohol, hydroxy methyl and methyl alcohol). Phase diagram included.
Chemical, physical and thermal properties of pentane, also called n-pentane. Phase diagram included.