Indoor Relative Humidity vs. Outdoor Relative Humidity and Temperature
Recommended indoor relative humidity vs. outdoor relative humidity and temperature.
When cold humid outdoor air is supplied and heated in a building - the relative humidity of the air is decreased.
This heating process can be visualized in a psychrometric chart or in a Mollier diagram - as below:
Example - Indoor Relative Humidity of Heated Outdoor Air
Outdoor air with dry bulb temperature 0 oC and relative humidity 90% is heated to an indoor temperature 20 oC.
The process is visualized in the Mollier diagram above with the process from A to B along the constant specific humidity - x - line. From the diagram we can estimate the indoor relative humidity to approximately 23%.
Note! - indoor supplies of vapor to the moist air - like latent heat from humans, animals or production processes - is not counted for. Latent heat supplied to the indoor air will move point B in the diagram to the right - to higher relative humidity. Sensible heat supplied to the room will move point B further up in the diagram.
Example - Indoor Relative Humidities for a given Outdoor Temperature and Relative Humidities
The table below illustrates the change in indoor relative humidity for a given outdoor temperature and relative humidities.