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Indoor Relative Humidity versus Outdoor Temperature and Relative Humidity

Indoor relative humidity versus outdoor temperature and relative humidity

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When cold humid outdoor air is supplied and heated in a building - the relative humidity of the air is decreased.

This heating process can be visualized in a psychrometric chart or in a Mollier diagram - as below:

Heating air - Mollier diagram

Example - Indoor Relative Humidity of Heated Outdoor Air

Outdoor air with dry bulb temperature 0 oC and relative humidity 90% is heated to an indoor temperature 20 oC.

The process is visualized in the Mollier diagram above with the process from A to B along the constant specific humidity - x - line. From the diagram we can estimate the indoor relative humidity to approximately 23%.

Note! - indoor supplies of vapor to the moist air - like latent heat from humans, animals or production processes - is not counted for. Latent heat supplied to the indoor air will move point B in the diagram to the right - to higher relative humidity. Sensible heat supplied to the room will move point B further up in the diagram.

Example - Indoor Relative Humidities for a given Outdoor Temperature and Relative Humidities

The table below illustrates the change in indoor relative humidity for a given outdoor temperature and relative humidities.

Relative Humidity
Relative Humidity
-7 (oC)
20 (oF)
0 21 (oC)
70 (oF)
20 3
40 6
60 8
80 11
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