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Piping Materials - Temperature Heat Expansion and Cooling Contraction

Expansion and contraction when cast iron, carbon and carbon molybdenum steel, wrought iron, copper, brass and aluminum pipes are heated or cooled.

Piping materials temperature expansion and contraction

Temperature expansion of pipes or tubes with some commonly used materials:

For full table with wrought iron, stainless steel, copper, brass and aluminum - rotate the screen!

Piping Materials - Temperature Heat Expansion and Cooling Contraction
Saturated Steam Pressure1)
(psi)

Temperature
(oF)
Temperature Expansion of Pipes (in/100 ft)
Cast Iron Carbon and carbon Molybdenum Wrought Iron 4-6% Cr. Alloy Steel 12% Cr. Stainless Steel 18 Cr. -8Ni Stainless Steel Copper Brass Aluminum 2-S
-200 -1.058 -1.282 -1.289 -1.250 -1.170 -2.030 -1.955 -2.065 -2.69
-180 -0.982 -1.176 -1.183 -1.150 -1.070 -1.850 -1.782 -1.890 -2.44
-160 -0.891 -1.066 -1.073 -1.030 -0.970 -1.670 -1.612 -1.705 -2.18
-140 -0.797 -0.948 -0.955 -0.970 -0.870 -1.480 -1.428 -1.508 -1.93
-120 -0.697 -0.826 -0.833 -0.800 -0.750 -1.300 -1.235 -1.308 -1.67
-100 -0.593 -0.698 -0.705 -0.700 -0.630 -1.100 -1.040 -1.098 -1.40
-80 -0.481 -0.563 -0.570 -0.550 -0.520 -0.880 -0.835 -0.888 -1.12
-60 -0.368 -0.428 -0.435 -0.430 -0.400 -0.670 -0.630 -0.673 -0.85
-40 -0.248 -0.288 -0.295 -0.290 -0.270 -0.450 -0.421 -0.452 -0.58
-20 -0.127 -0.145 -0.152 -0.145 -0.130 -0.225 -0.210 -0.227 -0.28
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 0.128 0.148 0.180 0.140 0.140 0.223 0.238 0.233 0.32
32 0.209 0.230 0.280 0.234 0.234 0.356 0.366 0.373 0.50
29.39 40 0.270 0.300 0.350 0.280 0.280 0.446 0.451 0.466 0.63
60 0.410 0.448 0.540 0.430 0.430 0.669 0.684 0.690 0.93
28.89 80 0.550 0.580 0.710 0.600 0.580 0.892 0.896 0.920 1.24
27.99 100 0.680 0.753 0.887 0.650 0.690 1.115 1.134 1.150 1.53
26.48 120 0.830 0.910 1.058 0.800 0.820 1.338 1.366 1.390 1.84
24.04 140 0.970 1.064 1.240 0.950 0.960 1.545 1.590 1.625 2.15
20.27 160 1.110 1.200 1.420 1.100 1.090 1.784 1.804 1.865 2.46
14.63 180 1.240 1.360 1.580 1.250 1.230 2.000 2.051 2.100 2.77
6.45 200 1.390 1.520 1.750 1.400 1.380 2.230 2.296 2.340 3.08
0 212 1.480 1.610 1.870 1.500 1.460 2.361 2.428 2.467 3.28
2.5 220 1.530 1.680 1.940 1.550 1.510 2.460 2.516 2.580 3.41
10.3 240 1.670 1.840 2.120 1.720 1.650 2.680 2.756 2.830 3.73
20.7 260 1.820 2.020 2.300 1.880 1.790 2.920 2.985 3.070 4.07
34.5 280 1.970 2.180 2.470 2.050 1.930 3.150 3.218 3.315 4.40
52.3 300 2.130 2.350 2.670 2.200 2.080 3.390 3.461 3.565 4.74
74.9 320 2.268 2.530 2.850 2.370 2.220 3.615 3.696 3.820 5.10
103.3 340 2.430 2.700 3.040 2.530 2.360 3.840 3.941 4.065 5.43
138.3 360 2.590 2.880 3.230 2.700 2.510 4.100 4.176 4.350 5.78
180.9 380 2.750 3.060 3.425 2.860 2.670 4.346 4.424 4.610 6.13
232.4 400 2.910 3.230 3.620 3.010 2.820 4.580 4.666 4.870 6.47
293.7 420 3.090 3.421 3.820 3.180 2.980 4.800 4.914 5.150 6.84
366.1 440 3.250 3.595 4.020 3.350 3.130 5.050 5.154 5.400 7.19
451.3 460 3.410 3.784 4.200 3.530 3.290 5.300 5.408 5.680 7.55
550.3 480 3.570 3.955 4.400 3.700 3.450 5.540 5.651 5.950 7.90
664.3 500 3.730 4.151 4.600 3.860 3.600 5.800 5.906 6.220 8.25
795.3 520 3.900 4.342 4.810 4.040 3.760 6.050 6.148 6.500 8.61
945.3 540 4.080 4.525 5.020 4.200 3.930 6.280 6.410 6.780 8.98

1) Vacuum in degree below 212oF, psi gauge above 212oF

  • T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]
  • 1 in (inch) = 25.4 mm
  • 1 ft (foot) = 0.3048 m

Related Topics

  • Sizing of Steam and Condensate Pipes

    Dimensions of steam and condensate pipe lines. Calculate pressure losses, recommended velocities, capacities and more.
  • Temperature Expansion

    Thermal expansion and expansion coefficients. Expansion pipes and tubes made of stainless steel, carbon steel, copper, plastics and more.

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