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# Oil Filled Tanks - Heat Loss

## Heat loss from insulated and uninsulated, sheltered and exposed heated oil tanks.

Heat transfer rates - α - for heated oil filled tanks.

### Sheltered Tank

Oil Filled Tanks - Heat Loss from Sheltered Tanks
Tank TemperatureHeat Transfer Rate - α -
UninsulatedInsulated
(oC)(oF)(W/(m2 oC))(Btu/(hr ft2 oF))(W/(m2 oC))(Btu/(hr ft2 oF))
10 50 6.8 1.2 1.7 0.3
27 80 7.4 1.3 1.8 0.33
38 100 8.0 1.4 2.0 0.35

### Exposed Tank

Oil Filled Tanks - Heat Loss from Exposed Tanks
Tank TemperatureHeat Transfer Rate - α -
UninsulatedInsulated
(oC)(oF)(W/(m2 oC))(Btu/(hr ft2 oF))(W/(m2 oC))(Btu/(hr ft2 oF))
10 50 8.0 1.4 2.0 0.35
27 80 8.5 1.5 2.1 0.38
38 100 9.0 1.6 2.3 0.4

Heat loss transfer rate depends heavily on

• the ambient conditions - whether it is wind, sun or raining or snowing on the external surface
• the internal conditions in the tank - the viscosity of the oil and the internal circulation in the tank

The total heat loss from an application can in general (in SI-units) be expressed as:

Q = α A dt                                        (1)

where

Q = heat loss (W)

α = heat transfer rate (W/(m2 oC))

A = area (m2)

dt = temperature difference (oC)

### Example - Heat Loss from an Exposed Insulated Oil Tank

The total heat loss from an insulated tank with 1000 m2 exposed surface, filled with heated oil at 38oC, surrounding temperature of 0oC and a heat transfer rate of 2.27 W/m2 oC - can be calculated as:

Q = (2.27 W/(m2oC)) (1000 m2) ((38 oC) - (0 oC))

= 86260 W

= 86.3 kW

## Related Topics

• ### Heat Loss and Insulation

Steam and condensate pipes - heat loss uninsulated and insulated pipes, insulation thickness and more.
• ### Heating

Heating systems - capacity and design of boilers, pipelines, heat exchangers, expansion systems and more.
• ### Steam and Condensate

Steam & condensate systems- properties, capacities, pipe sizing, systems configuration and more.

## Related Documents

• ### Content in Horizontal - or Sloped - Cylindrical Tanks or Pipes

Volume of partly filled horizontal or sloped cylindrical tanks or pipes - online calculator.
• ### Fuel Oil Storage Tanks

Fuel oil storage tanks dimensions.
• ### Heat Loss from Oil Filled Tanks and Pipe Lines

Heat loss from insulated and non insulated sheltered and exposed oil tanks and pipes.
• ### Heat Loss from Open Water Tanks

Due to evaporation the heat loss from an open water tank like a swimming pool may be considerable.
• ### ISO Grade Oils - Viscosities and Densities

Viscosities and densities of ISO - and equivalent SAE grade oils.
• ### Oil Tanks - Heat Loss

Heat loss from lagged and unlagged, sheltered and exposed oil tanks.
• ### Pipes - Bare Surface Heat Loss

Heat loss vs. surface temperature.
• ### Pipes - Insulated Heat Loss Diagrams

Heat loss (W/m) from 1/2 to 6 inches insulated pipesĀ - ranging insulation thickness 10 to 80 mm and temperature differences 20 to 180 degC.
• ### Pipes - Insulated Heat Loss Diagrams

Heat loss (W/ft) diagrams for 1/2 to 6 inches insulated pipesĀ - ranging insulation thickness 0.5 to 4 inches and temperature differences 50 to 350 degF.
• ### Pipes and Cylinders - Conductive Heat Losses

Conductive heat losses through cylinder or pipe walls.
• ### Pipes Submerged in Oil or Fat - Heat Emission

Heat emission from steam or water heating pipes submerged in oil or fat - forced and natural circulation.
• ### Pipes Submerged in Water - Heat Emission

Heat emision from steam or water heating pipes submerged in water - assisted (forced) or natural circulation.
• ### Rectangular Tanks - Volumes

Tank volume per foot depth.
• ### Submerged Coils - Heat Transfer Coefficients

Heat transfer coefficients for steam and hot water coils submerged in oil tanks.

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## Citation

• The Engineering ToolBox (2003). Oil Filled Tanks - Heat Loss. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/heat-loss-oil-tanks-d_270.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

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12.8.9