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# Steel Pipes - Calculate Thermal Expansion Loops

## Calculating and sizing steel pipe thermal expansion loops.

The expansion loop is a common way to absorb temperature expansion and contraction in steel pipes. Expansion loops can be fabricated from standard pipes and elbows.

Approximate Expansion Capacity (mm)
Nominal Pipe Size
(mm)

Width of Expansion Loop - w - (m)
0.51.01.52.02.5
25 35 130
32 25 100 210
40 20 70 150
50   65 125 200
65   50 100 150 220
80   40 75 125 190
100   35 65 115 150

### U-Bends Expansion Compensator Calculator

#### Metric Units

This calculator can be used to calculate required width and height of an U-bends expansions compensator.

S - Length of expanding pipe (m)

Expansion coefficient (10-6 m/m oC)

Initial temperature (oC)

Final temperature (oC)

Outside diameter of pipe (mm)

#### Imperial Units

S - Length of expanding pipe (ft)

Expansion coefficient (10-6 in/in oF)

Initial temperature (oF)

Final temperature (oF)

Outside diameter of pipe (in)

The U-loops calculation is based on equation

w = 0.015 (dl D)1/2       (1)

where

w = width of loop (m)

dl = α dt S = temperature expansion (m)

α = temperature expansion coefficient (m/m oC)

dt = temperature change (oC)

S = length of expanding pipe (m)

D = diameter of pipe (m)

The offset of the loop is 2 w. The length of the loop is 5 w.

### Z-Bends Expansion Compensator Calculator

#### Metric Units

This calculator can be used to calculate required offset in a Z-bends expansions compensator.

S - Length of expanding pipe (m)

Expansion coefficient (10-6 m/m oC)

Initial temperature (oC)

Final temperature (oC)

Outside diameter of pipe (mm)

#### Imperial Units

S - Length of expanding pipe (ft)

Expansion coefficient (10-6 in/in oF)

Initial temperature (oF)

Final temperature (oF)

Outside diameter of pipe (in)

### L-Bends Expansion Compensator Calculator

#### Metric Units

This calculator can be used to calculate required offset in a Z-bends expansions compensator.

Smax - Length of longest expanding leg (m)

Expansion coefficient (10-6 m/m oC)

Initial temperature (oC)

Final temperature (oC)

Outside diameter of pipe (mm)

#### Imperial Units

This calculator can be used to calculate required offset in a Z-bends expansions compensator.

Smax - Length of longest expanding leg (ft)

Expansion coefficient (10-6 in/in oF)

Initial temperature (oF)

Final temperature (oF)

Outside diameter of pipe (in)

The L-loop calculation is based on equation

L = 0.063 (dl D)1/2       (2)

where

L = length of loop (m)

## Related Topics

• Temperature Expansion - Thermal expansion of pipes and tubes - stainless steel, carbon steel, copper, plastics and more.
• Pipe Sizing - Sizing of steam and condensate pipe lines - pressure loss, recommended velocity, capacity and more.

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Temperature

oC
oF

Length

m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
naut miles

Area

m2
km2
in2
ft2
miles2
acres

Volume

m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal

Weight

kgf
N
lbf

Velocity

m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph
knots

Pressure

Pa (N/m2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm2
psi
inches H2O

Flow

m3/s
m3/h
US gpm
cfm

3 30