Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

This is an AMP page - Open full page! for all features.

Wood, Panel and Structural Timber Products - Mechanical Properties

Density, fibre stress, compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of clear wood, panel and structural timber products

Sponsored Links

Clear Wood

WoodDensity
ρ -
(kg/m3)

Load Calculator!
Fibre Stress at Elastic Limit
- σy -
(MPa)


Load Calculator!
Modulus of Elasticity
- E -
(GPa)

Load Calculator!
Compressive Strength parallel to Grain
- σ -
(MPa)


Load Calculator!
Shear Strength parallel to grain
- τ -
(MPa)


Load Calculator!
Alder, red 410 68 9.5 40.1 7.4
Ash - Black, Blue, Green, Oregon, White 490 - 600 87 - 103 9.4 - 12 41.2 - 51.1 10.8 - 14
Aspen - Bigtooth, Quaking 390 63 9.9 36.5 7.4
Baldcypress 460 73 9.9 43.9 6.9
Baswood, American 370 60 10.1 32.6 6.9
Beech, American 640 103 11.9 50.3 13.9
Birch - Paper, Sweet, Yellow 550 - 620 85 - 114 11 - 15 39.2 - 58.9 8.3 - 15.4
Butternut 380 56 8.1 36.2 8.1
Cedar - Atlantic White, Eastern Red, Incence, Northern White, Port-Orford, Western Red, Yellow 310 - 470 45 - 88 5.5 - 11.7 27.3 - 43.5 5.5 - 9.4
Cherry, black 500 85 10.3 49 11.7
Chestnut, American 430 59 8.5 36.7 7.4
Cottonwood - Balam Poplar, Black, Eastern 310 - 400 27 - 59 7.6 - 9.4 27.7 - 33.9 5.4 - 7.2
Douglas-fir - Coast, Inerior West, Interior North, Interior South 460 - 500 82 - 90 10.3 - 13.4 43.1 - 51.2 7.8 - 10.4
Elm, English 560 40 - 54 11.8 17 - 32 8 - 11.3
Elm, Dutch 560 42 - 60 7.7 18 - 32 7.2 - 10
Fir 320 - 430 61.4 - 75.8 8.9 - 11.9 33.5 - 44.2 6.2 - 8.4
Hackberry 530 76 8.2 37.5 11
Hemlock - Eastern, Mountain, Western 400 - 450 61 - 79 8.3 - 11.3 37.3 - 49 7.3 - 10.6
Hickory, pecan - Bitternut, Nutmeg, Pecan, Water 600 - 660 94 - 123 11.7 - 13.9 47.6 - 62.3 14.3
Hickory, true - Mockernut, Pignut, Shagbark, Shellbark 690 - 720 125 - 139 14.9 - 15.6 55.2 - 63.5 12 - 16.8
Honeylocust 101 11.2 51.7 15.5
Larch, Western 520 90 12.9 52.5
Locust, black 690 134 14.1 70.2 17.1
Magnolia - Cucumbertree, Southern 480 - 500 77 - 85 9.7 - 12.5 37.6 - 43.5 9.2 - 10.5
Mahogany 545 60 8.7 45 6.0
Maple - Bigleaf, Black, Red, Silver, Sugar 480 - 630 61 - 109 7.9 - 12.6 36 - 54 11.9 - 16.1
Oak, red - Black, Cherrybark, laurel, Northern Red, Pin, Scarlet, Southern Red, Water, Willow 590 - 690 75 - 125 10.3 - 13.1 42 - 60.3 9.6 - 14.3
Oak, white - Bur, Chestnut, Live, Overcup, Post, Swamp Chestnut, Swamp White, White 640 - 880 71 - 127 7.1 - 13.7 41.8 - 61.4 10.3 - 13.8
Pine - Eastern White, Jack, Loblolly, Lodgepole, Longleaf, Pitch 350 - 590 59 - 100 8.5 - 13.7 33.1 - 49.2 6.1 - 10.4
Poplar, Yellow 420 70 10.9 38.2 8.2
Sassafras 460 62 7.7 32.8 8.5
Spruce - Black, Engelmann, Red, Sitka, White, Norway 350 - 430 63 - 79 7.9 - 11 37 - 44 6.8 - 9.2
Sweetgum 520 86 11.3 43.6 11
Sycamore, American 490 69 9.8 37.1 10.1
Tupelo - Black, Water 500 66 8.3 - 8.7 38.1 - 40.8 9.2 - 11
Walnut, black 550 101 11.6 52.3 9.4
Willow, black 390 54 7 28.3 8.6

Panel Products

PanelDensity
ρ -
(kg/m3)

Load Calculator!
Fibre Stress at Elastic Limit
- σy -
(MPa)


Load Calculator!
Modulus of Elasticity
- E -
(GPa)

Load Calculator!
Hardboard 900 - 1000 31 - 56 3.1 - 5.5
MDF - Medium Density Fiberboard 700 - 900 36 3.6
Particleboard 600 - 800 15 - 24 2.8 - 4.1
OSB - Oriented Strandboard 500 - 800 22 - 35 4.4 - 6.3
Plywood 400 - 600 34 - 43 7 - 8.6

Structural Timber Products

Structural TimberDensity
ρ -
(kg/m3)

Load Calculator!
Fibre Stress at Elastic Limit
- σy -
(MPa)


Load Calculator!
Modulus of Elasticity
- E -
(GPa)

Load Calculator!
Glued-laminated Timber 400 - 600 29 - 63 9 - 14.5
Laminated Veneer Lumber 400 - 700 34 - 86 9 - 19
Sponsored Links

Related Topics

Related Documents

Sponsored Links

Share

Search Engineering ToolBox

  • the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro .Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Privacy

We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience.

Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. We don't save this data.

Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Please read Google Privacy & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected.

AddThis use cookies for handling links to social media. Please read AddThis Privacy for more information.

Topics

Unit Converters

Temperature

oC
oF


Load Calculator!

Length

m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
naut miles


Load Calculator!

Area

m2
km2
in2
ft2
miles2
acres


Load Calculator!

Volume

m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal


Load Calculator!

Weight

kgf
N
lbf


Load Calculator!

Velocity

m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph
knots


Load Calculator!

Pressure

Pa (N/m2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm2
psi
inches H2O


Load Calculator!

Flow

m3/s
m3/h
US gpm
cfm


Load Calculator!

8 23

This website use cookies. By continuing to browse you are agreeing to our use of cookies! Learn more