Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

This is an AMP page - Open full page! for all features.

• the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

# Solubility product constants

## The equilibrium constant, Ksp, for aqueous solutions of ionic compounds at 25°C.

For ionic compounds with limited solubility in water, an equilibrium constant, Ksp, can be defined from the ion concentration in water from the equation:

MmAn(s) = mMn+(aq) + nAm-(aq)

where MmAn is the slightly soluble substance and Mn+ and Am- are the ions produced in solution by dissosiation of MmAn.

Ksp = [Mn+]m * [Am-]n

The table below gives calculated values of Ksp for common ionic substances at 25°C (77°F). They are calculated by using standard state thermodynamic data and the equations:

Δ = mfG°(M+, aq) + nf(A-, aq) - Δf(MmAn, s)        and       ln Ksp = -ΔG°/RT

Ksp is indicating the maximum concentration of the solved ionic substace in water at the actual (stable) temperature.

For sulfides, a Kspa is defined based on the equation

MmSn(s) + 2H+  =  mM+(aq) + nH2S(aq)

## Related Topics

• Material Properties - Material properties of gases, fluids and solids - densities, specific heats, viscosities and more.
• Fluid Mechanics - The study of fluids - liquids and gases. Involving velocity, pressure, density and temperature as functions of space and time.

## Search Engineering ToolBox

• the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

## SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

## Privacy

We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience.

Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. We don't save this data.

Temperature

oC
oF

Length

m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
naut miles

Area

m2
km2
in2
ft2
miles2
acres

Volume

m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal

Weight

kgf
N
lbf

Velocity

m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph
knots

Pressure

Pa (N/m2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm2
psi
inches H2O

Flow

m3/s
m3/h
US gpm
cfm

6 24