A mixture is a combination of substances which are not chemically joined together.
- Mixtures have the same properties as their components
- There is no fixed proportion between the components
- The components can be separated from the mixture
- sugar and salt
- air with nitrogen and oxygen
A solution is a homogeneous mixture in which one substance (solute) is dissolved in another substance (solvent).
- The components in a solution may not be separated from the solution by leaving it to stand, or by filtration
If a material dissolves in a liquid the material is said to be soluble. A solution is saturated if no more solute can be dissolved with temperature remaining constant.
- salt in sea water
A suspension is a mixture of liquids with particles of a solid which may not dissolve in the liquid.
- The solid may be separated from the liquid by leaving it to stand, or by filtration
- sand in water
The SI-system, unit converters, physical constants, drawing scales and more.
The study of fluids - liquids and gases. Involving velocity, pressure, density and temperature as functions of space and time.
Calculator and formulas for conversion between different units of concentration: Molarity, molality, mole fraction, weight percent of solute and grams of solute per liter of solution - descriptive terms for solubility.
Guidelines or solubility rules to predict whether or not a given ionic compound is soluble in water at room temperature.
It is possible to estimate the density of a liquid-liquid solution from the density of the solute and the solvent. However, due to shrinkage, the estimate will be a bit too low.
Final mass and temperature when mixing fluids.
Rules for naming inorganic ionic and covalent types of chemical compounds.
The amount of a solute that can be dissolved in a solvent.
The equilibrium constant, Ksp, for aqueous solutions of ionic compounds at 25°C.
Definitions and examples of how to calculate wt%, molarity and how to prepare dilutions.
Dynamic viscosities of sucrose water solutions vs. temperature.