1) Combustion of a fuel gas creates a flue gas with higher density than the fuel gas and the combustion air. Check stoichiometric combustion.
2) Volume at standard pressure
Boiler house topics, fuels like oil, gas, coal, wood - chimneys, safety valves, tanks - combustion efficiency.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems - design and dimensions.
Incomplete boiler combustion may generate carbon monoxide - CO - and re-ignition may cause disastrous effects on personnel and property.
Properties of alternative fuels like biodiesel, E85, CNG and more.
An overview of ASTM Section 5 - Petroleum Products, Lubricants, and Fossil Fuels - Volume 05.06 Gaseous Fuels, Coal and Coke.
Exhaust and outlet temperatures fuels like natural gas, liquefied petroleum, diesel and more.
Environmental emission of carbon dioxide CO2 when combustion fuels like coal, oil, natural gas, LPG and bio energy.
Flue gas dew point temperatures and condensation of water vapor.
Combustion values for fuel gases like natural gas, propane and butane - Btu per cubic feet.
Fuels and their boiling points.
Densities and specific volumes fuels like anthracite, butane, gasoil, diesel, coke, oil, wood and more.
Higher and lower calorific values (heating values) for fuels like coke, oil, wood, hydrogen and others.
Autoignition points for fuels and chemicals like butane, coke, hydrogen, petroleum and more.
Flue gas dew point temperatures for some fuels.
Chemical composition of gaseous fuels like coal gas, natural gas, propane and more.
Cost comparison formulas for heating fuels like Natural Gas, Propane LP Gas, Fuel Oil and Electricity.
Stable and efficient combustion requires correct mixture of fuels and oxygen.
Properties like heat values, air/fuel ratios, flame speed, flame temperatures, ignition temperatures, flash points and flammability limits.
Online calculator, figures and tables showing density and specific weight of propane, C3H8, at temperatures ranging from -187 to 725 °C (-305 to 1300 °F) at atmospheric and higher pressure - Imperial and SI Units.
Stoichiometric combustion and excess air.
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