Fuels - Densities and Specific Volumes
Densities and specific volumes fuels like anthracite, butane, gasoil, diesel, coke, oil, wood and more.
Density - ρ - and specific volume of some commonly used fuels:
- ρ -
|Specific Volume |
- v -
|(kg/m3)||(lb/ft3)||(m3/1000 kg)||(ft3 per ton)|
|Anthracite||720 - 850||45 - 53||1.2 - 1.4||42 - 50|
|Bituminous coal||690 - 800||43 - 50||1.2 - 1.5||45 - 52|
|Charcoal, hard wood||149||9.3||6.7||240|
|Charcoal, soft wood||216||13.5||4.6||165|
|Coke||375 - 500||23.5 - 31||2.0 - 2.7||72 - 95|
|EN 590 Diesel 2)||820-845||51-53||1.18-1.22||
|Fuel Oil No.13)||750-850||47-53||1.2-1.3||42-47|
|Fuel Oil No.23)||810-940||51-59||1.1-1.2||38-44|
|Heavy fuel oil||800-1010||50-63||1.0-1.3||35-44|
|Natural gas (gas)||0.7 - 0.9||0.04-0.06||1110-1430||39200-50400|
|Peat||310 - 400||19.5 - 25||2.5 - 3.2||90 - 115|
|Wood||360 - 385||22.5 - 24||2.5 - 2.8||
90 - 100
Note 1) Diesel fuels are in USA broken up into 3 different classes: 1D, 2D and 4D. The difference between these classes depends on viscosity and boiling point ranges. 4D fuels tend to be used in low-speed engines. 2D fuels are used in warmer weather and are sometimes mixed with 1D fuel to create a competent winter fuel. 1D fuel is preferred for cold weather as it has a lower viscosity. It used to be standard to see the fuel number on the pump, but a lot of gas stations do not state the fuel number anymore.
Note 2) European diesel standard from 2005
Note 3) Fuel oil is a kind of product with a lot of classes and under classes as well as varying specifications in different markets. The density ranges given represents the variation, however, some products may be outside these ranges.