Lime deposited in water supply systems - based on 170 mg/liter dissolved calcium and magnesium (hard water):
Lime deposits increase with temperature due to less calcium carbonate solubility at higher temperatures.
Example - Deposits from Consumption of Hard Water
The deposits from hard water with 170 mg dissolved calcium and magnesium per liter, temperature 60 oC and water consumption 2000 m3/year - can from the diagram above be estimated to aprox.
Hot and cold water service systems - design properties, capacities, sizing and more.
Design procedures for domestic hot water service systems.
Introduction to general design of domestic service water supply systems - with pressurized or gravity tanks.
Consumption of hot water per person or occupant.
Dimensions and capacities of hot-water storage tanks.
Hot water consumption of some common equipment as basins, sinks, baths and showers.
Design hot water consumption of fixtures - basins, showers, sinks and baths.
The Legionella Pneumophila bacterium thrives in water supply systems and air conditioning systems - and may cause the Legionnairs disease.
Carbonates dissolved in water.
Water service pipe lines extends from the potable water source to the interior of buildings.
Sizing of water supply pipe lines.
Required water supply to public buildings.
Typiclal limits for impurities in drinking water.
Free online tool for designing water supply systems in buildings.