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Density of Selected Solids

Density of selected solids

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Density of solids:

SolidDensity
(10³ kg/m³)

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ABS - copolymer of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene 1.06
Acetals 1.42
Agate 2.5 - 2.7
Acrylic 1.19
Agate 2.6
Alabaster carbonate 2.7 - 2.8
Alabaster sulfate 2.3
Alum, lumpy 0.881
Alum, pulverized 0.752
Alumina (aluminium oxide) 3.95 - 4.1
Aluminum 2.7
Aluminum Bronze 7.7
Albite 2.6 - 2.65
Alloys
Amber 1.06 - 1.1
Amphiboles 2.9 - 3.2
Andesite, solid 2.77
Anorthite 2.74 - 2.76
Antimony, cast 6.7
Arsenic 4.7
Artificial Wool 1.5
Asbestos 2.0 - 2.8
Asbestos, shredded 0.35
Asbestos, solid 2.45
Ashes 0.65
Asphalt, compacted 2.36
Asphalt, crushed 0.72
Bakelite 1.36
Baking powder 0.72
Balsa Wood 0.13
Barite, crushed 2.89
Barium 3.78
Bark, wood refuse 0.24
Barytes 4.5
Basalt 2.4 - 3.1
Bauxite, crushed 1.28
Beeswax 0.96
Beryl 2.7
Beryllia 3.0
Beryllium 1.85
Biotite 2.7 - 3.1
Bismuth 9.8
Boiler scale 2.5
Bone 1.7 - 2.0
Bone, pulverized 0.88
Borax, fine 0.85
Brasses 8.47 - 8.75
Bronzes 8.74 - 8.89
Brown iron ore 5.1
Brick 1.4 - 2.4
Brick, fire 2.3
Brick, hard 2
Brick, pressed 2.2
Brickwork in cement 1.8
Brickwork in mortar 1.6
Butter 0.86 - 0.87
Cadmium 8.64
Calamine 4.1 - 4.5
Calcium 1.55
Calcspar 2.6 - 2.8
Camphor 1
Carbon 3.51
Caoutchouc 0.9 - 1
Cardboard 0.7
Cast Iron 7.2
Celluloid 1.4
Cellulose, cotton, wood pulp, regenerated 1.48 - 1.53
Cellulose acetat, moulded 1.22 - 1.34
Cellulose acetat, sheet 1.28 - 1.32
Cellulose nitrate, celluloid 1.35 - 1.4
Chlorinated polyether 1.4
Cement, set 2.7 - 3
Cement, Portland 1.5
Cerium 6.77
Chalk 1.9 - 2.8
Charcoal, oak 0.6
Charcoal, pine 0.3 - 0.4
Chromium 7.1
Chrom oxide 5.21
Cinnabar 8.1
Clay 1.8 - 2.6
Coal, anthracite 1.4 - 1.8
Coal, bituminous 1.2 - 1.5
Cobalt 8.8
Cocoa, butter 0.9
Coke 1 - 1.7
Concrete, lightweight 0.45 - 1.0
Concrete, medium 1.3 - 1.7
Concrete, dense 2.0 - 2.4
Constantan 8.89
Copal 1 - 1.15
Copper 8.79
Cork 0.2 - 0.25
Cork, linoleum 0.55
Corundum 4.0
Cotton 0.08
CPVC - Chlorinated poly vinyl chloride 1.6
Lead Crystal 3.1
Diamond 3 - 3.5
Dolomite 2.8
Duralium 2.8
Earth, loose 1.2
Earth, rammed 1.6
Ebonite 1.15
Emery 4
Electron 1.8
Epidote 3.2 - 3.5
Epoxy cast resin 1.11 - 1.4
Epoxy glass fibre 1.5
Expanded polystyrene 0.015 - 0.03
Feldspar 2.6 - 2.8
Fire brick 1.8 - 2.2
Flint 2.6
Fluorite 3.2
Galena 7.3 - 7.6
Gallium 5.9
Gamboge 1.2
Garnet 3.2 - 4.3
Gas carbon 1.9
Gelatin 1.3
Germanium 5.32
Glass, common 2.4 - 2.8
Glass, flint 2.9 - 5.9
Glass, Pyrex 2.21
Glass-wool 0.025
Glue 1.3
Gneiss 2.69
Gold 19.29
Granite 2.6 - 2.8
Graphite 2.3 - 2.7
Gum arabic 1.3 - 1.4
Gypsum 2.3
Hardboard 1.0
Hematite 4.9 - 5.3
Hornblende 3
Ice 0.917
Iron, cast 7.0 - 7.4
Iodine 4.95
Iridium 22.5
Ivory 1.8 - 1.9
Kaolin 2.6
Lead 11.35
Leather, dry 0.86
Lime, slaked 1.35
Limestone 2.7 -2.8
Linoleum 1.2
Lithium 0.53
Magnesia 3.2 - 3.6
Magnesium 1.74
Magnetite 4.9 - 5.2
Malachite 3.7 - 4.1
Manganese 7.43
Marble 2.6 - 2.8
Meerschaum 1 - 1.3
Metals
Mica 2.6 - 3.2
Mineral wool quilt 0.05
Molybdenum 10.2
Muscovite 2.8 - 3
Nickel 8.9
Nylon 6 1.12 - 1.17
Nylon 6,6 1.13 - 1.15
Oak 0.72
Ochre 3.5
Opal 2.2
Osmium 22.48
Palladium 12.0
Paper 0.7 - 1.15
Paraffin 0.9
Peat blocks 0.85
Phenolic cast resin 1.24 - 1.32
Phosphorbronce 8.8
Phosphorus 1.82
Pinchbeck 8.65
Pitch 1.1
Pit coal 1.35
Plaster board 0.80
Platinum 21.5
Plywood 0.54
Polyacrylonitrile 1.16 - 1.18
Polyamides 1.15 - 1.25
PC - poly carbonate 1.2
PBT - poly butylene terephthalate 1.35
LDPE - low density poly ethylene 0.91
HDPE - (PEH) - high density poly ethylene 0.96
PET - poly ethylene terephthalate 1.35
PMMA - poly methyl methacrylate 1.2
POM - poly oxy methylene 1.4
PP - poly propylene 0.91 - 0.94
PPO - poly penylene ether 1.1
PS - poly styrene 1.03
PTFE - poly tetra fluoro ethylene, Teflon 2.28 - 2.30
PU - poly urethane foam 0.03
PVDF - poly vinylidene fluoride 1.76
Porcelain 2.3 - 2.5
Porphyry 2.6 - 2.9
Potassium 0.86
Pressed wood, pulp board 0.19
PVC - poly vinyl chloride 1.39 - 1.42
Pyrex 2.25
Pyrite 4.9 - 5.1
Quartz 2.65
Radium 5
Red lead 8.6 - 9.1
Red metal 8.8
Resin 1.07
Rhenium 21.4
Rhodium 12.3
Rock salt 2.2
Rock wool 0.22 - 0.39
Rosin 1.07
Rubber, hard 1.2
Rubber, soft commercial 1.1
Rubber, pure gum 0.91 - 0.93
Rubber, foam 0.070
Rubidium 1.52
Sand, dry 1.4 - 1.6
Sandstone 2.1 - 2.4
Sapphire 3.98
Selenium 4.4
Serpentine 2.5 - 2.65
Silica, fused transparent 2.2
Silica, translucent 2.1
Silicium carbide 3.16
Silicon 2.33
Silver 10.5
Slag 2 - 3.9
Slate 2.6 - 3.3
Snow 0.1
Soapstone 2.6 - 2.8
Sodium 0.98
Soil 2.05
Solder 8.7 - 9.4
Soot 1.6 - 1.7
Spermaceti 0.95
Starch 1.5
Steatite 2.6 - 2.7
Steel 7.82
Stone 2.3 - 2.8
Sulfur, cryst. 2.0
Sugar 1.6
Talc 2.7 - 2.8
Tallow, beef 0.95
Tallow, mutton 0.95
Tantalum 16.6
Tar 1.05
Teflon 2.20
Tellurium 6.25
Thoria 4.16
Thorium 11.7
Timber
Tin 7.28
Titanium 4.5
Topaz 3.5 - 3.6
Tourmaline 3 - 3.2
Tungsten 19.2
Tungsten carbide 14.0 - 15.0
Uranium 19.1
Urethane foam (Urea formaldehyde foam) 0.08
Vanadium 6.1
Vermiculite 0.12
Wax, sealing 1.8
White metal 7.5 - 10
Wood (seasoned)
Wood wool slab 0.5 - 0.8
Zinc 7.12
  •  1 kg/m3 = 0.001 g/cm3 = 0.0005780 oz/in3 = 0.16036 oz/gal (Imperial) = 0.1335 oz/gal (U.S.) = 0.0624 lb/ft3 = 0.000036127 lb/in3 = 1.6856 lb/yd3 = 0.010022 lb/gal (Imperial) = 0.008345 lb/gal (U.S) = 0.0007525 ton/yd3

* Note that even if pounds per cubic foot is often used as a measure of density in the U.S., pounds are really a measure of force, not mass. Slugs are the correct measure of mass. You can divide pounds per cubic foot by 32.2 for a rough value in slugs.

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