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Compression and Tension Strength of some common Materials

Common materials and average ultimate compression and tension strength.

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Average ultimate compression and tension strength of some common materials:

MaterialCompression Strength
- σ -
Tension Strength
- σ -
Bricks, hard 12000 80 400 2.8
Bricks, light 1000 7 40 0.28
Brickwork, common quality 1000 7 50 0.35
Brickwork, best quality 2000 14 300 2.1
Granite 19000 130 700 4.8
Limestone 9000 60 300 2.1
Portland Cement, less than one month old 2000 14 400 2.8
Portland Cement, more than one year old 3000 21 500 3.5
Portland Concrete, 28 days old 5000 35 200 1.4
Portland Concrete, more than one year old 6200 43 400 2.8
Sandstone 9000 60 300 2.1
Slate 14000 95 500 3.5
Trap rock 20000 140 800 5.5
  • 1 MPa = 106 Pa = 1 N/mm2= 145.0 psi (lbf/in2)
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