Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications!

This is an AMP page - Open full page! for all features.

• the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

# Pneumatic Cylinders - Force Exerted

## Pneumatic air cylinders - air pressure and force exerted calculator

### Single Acting Cylinder

The force exerted by a single acting pneumatic cylinder can be expressed as

F = p A

= p π d2 / 4                                           (1)

where

F = force exerted (N)

p = gauge pressure (N/m2, Pa)

A = full bore area (m2)

d = full bore piston diameter (m)

#### Single Acting Cylinder Calculator  - Output Stroke

##### Calculate Force with known Pressure and Diameter

Pressure (kPa) (1 bar = 100 kPa)

Cylinder Diameter (mm)

Force (N)

Pressure (kPa)

Force (N)

Diameter (mm)

#### Example - Single Acting Piston

The force exerted by a single acting pneumatic cylinder with 1 bar (105 N/m2) and full bore diameter of 100 mm (0.1 m) can be calculated as

F = p π d2 / 4

= (105 N/m2) π (0.1 m)2 / 4

= 785 N

= 0.785 kN

### Double Acting Cylinder

The force exerted by double acting pneumatic cylinder on outstroke can be expressed as (1). The force exerted on instroke can be expressed as

F = p π (d12 - d22) / 4                                     (2)

where

d1 = full bore piston diameter (m)

d2 = piston rod diameter (m)

#### Double Acting Cylinder Calculator  - Input Stroke

##### Calculate Force with known Pressure and Diameter

Pressure (kPa)

Cylinder Diameter (mm)

Piston Rod Diameter (mm)

##### Calculate required Diameter with known Force and Pressure

Force (N)

Pressure (kPa)

Piston Rod Diameter (mm)

##### Calculate required Pressure with known Force and Diameter

Force (N)

Diameter (mm)

Piston Rod Diameter (mm)

#### Example - Double Acting Piston

The force exerted from a single acting pneumatic cylinder with 1 bar (105 N/m2), full bore diameter of 100 mm (0.1 m) and rod diameter 10 mm (0.01 m) can be calculated as

F = p π (d12 - d22) / 4

= (105 N/m2) π [(0.1 m)2 - (0.01 m)2] / 4

= 778 N

= 0.78 kN

• instroke capacity is reduced compared to outstroke capacity - due to the rod and reduced active pressurized areal

## Search Engineering ToolBox

• the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!

## SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro .Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

## Privacy

We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience.

Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. We don't save this data.

Temperature

oC
oF

Length

m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
naut miles

Area

m2
km2
in2
ft2
miles2
acres

Volume

m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal

Weight

kgf
N
lbf

Velocity

m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph
knots

Pressure

Pa (N/m2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm2
psi
inches H2O

Flow

m3/s
m3/h
US gpm
cfm

4 29