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Electric Motors - 230 & 460V Three Phase Circuits Wiring

Sizing of copper wire and transformers for three phase 230 & 460V electrical motors.

All wiring and electrical connections should comply with the National Electrical Code (NEC) and with local codes and practices.

Wire Gauge (AWG)
TransformerDistance - Motor to Transformer (Feet)
(HP)(volts)Apparent Power
(kVA)
100150200300500
1.5 230 3 12 12 12 12 10
2 460 3 12 12 12 12 12
3 230 3 12 12 12 10 8
2 460 3 12 12 12 12 12
3 230 5 12 10 10 8 6
3 460 5 12 12 12 12 10
5 230 7.5 10 8 8 6 4
5 460 7.5 12 12 12 10 8
7.5 230 10 8 6 6 4 2
7.5 460 10 12 12 12 10 8
10 230 15 6 4 4 4 1
10 460 15 12 12 12 10 8
15 230 20 4 4 4 2 0
15 460 20 12 10 10 8 6
20 230 1) 4 2 2 1 0
20 460 1) 10 8 8 6 4
25 230 1) 2 2 2 0 0
30 230 1) 2 1 1 0 0
30 460 1) 8 6 6 4 2
40 230 1) 1 0 0 0 0
50 230 1) 1 0 0 0 0
50 460 1) 4 4 2 2 0
30 230 1) 1 0 0 0 0
60 460 1) 4 2 2 0 0
75 230 1) 0 0 0 0 0
75 460 1) 4 2 2 0 0

1) The local power company should be consulted

• 1 hp = 0.746 kW
• 1 ft (foot) = 0.3048 m

If undersized wire is used between the motor and the power source, the starting and load carrying cap abilities of the motor will be limited.

Apparent Power is the power supplied to the electric circuit - typical from a power supplier to the grid - to cover the real and reactive power consumption in the loads

Related Topics

• Electrical - Electrical units, amps and electrical wiring, wire gauge and AWG, electrical formulas and motors.

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Temperature

oC
oF

Length

m
km
in
ft
yards
miles
naut miles

Area

m2
km2
in2
ft2
miles2
acres

Volume

m3
liters
in3
ft3
us gal

Weight

kgf
N
lbf

Velocity

m/s
km/h
ft/min
ft/s
mph
knots

Pressure

Pa (N/m2)
bar
mm H2O
kg/cm2
psi
inches H2O

Flow

m3/s
m3/h
US gpm
cfm

3 10