Temperature ranges for hot bending copper and copper alloy pipes and tubes:
|Copper or Copper Alloy||Temperature Range |
|Copper deoxidized||1400 - 1600|
|Copper silicon||1300 - 1600|
|CuNi 70/30||1700 - 2000|
|CuNi 80/20||1600 - 1900|
|CuNi 90/10||1400 - 1800|
|Red Brass||1450 - 1600|
- T(oC) = 5/9[T(oF) - 32]
Sizes and dimensions of pipes and tubes, and their fittings - inside and outside diameter, weight and more.
Dimensions of threadless copper pipes according ASTM B302.
Dimensions of seamless copper pipes according ASTM B42.
Dimensions of seamless copper tubes for natural gas and liquified petroleum.
Water and gas copper tubes according ASTM B88 - type K, L and M - imperial units.
Water and gas copper tubes according ASTM B88M - type K, L and M - metric units.
Working pressures of metric sized copper tubes according the BS (British Standard) 2871.
Copper tube fittings and equivalent lengths - in feets of straight tube.
Dimensions of EN 1057 Copper and copper alloys - Seamless, round copper tubes for water and gas in sanitary and heating applications.
Dimensions of copper tubes according EN 12449.
Temperature ranges for bending nickel and nickel alloy pipes and tubes.
Thrust block forces on pipe bends anchors due to liquid velocities and internal pressures - online resulting force calculator.