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Sensible Heat Flow

Sensible heat is dry heat causing change in temperature but not in moisture content

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Sensible Heat Flow - SI-Units

The sensible heat flow can be expressed in SI-units (metric) as

Qs = cp ρ q Δt / 3600                            (1)


Qs = sensible heat flow (kW)

cp = 1.005* - specific heat air (kJ/kg K)

ρ = 1.202* - air density at standard conditions (kg/m3)

q = air flow (m3/hr)

Δt = temperature (oC)

* Note that air properties changes with temperature. Interpolate values if necessary.

Sensible Heat Flow - English (Imperial) units

In English (imperial) units the sensible flow heat can be expressed as

Qs= 60 cp ρ q Δt = 1.075 q Δt                                    (2)


Qs = sensible heat flow (Btu/hr)

cp = 0.2388 - specific heat (Btu/lboF)

ρ = 0.075 - air density at standard conditions (lb/ft3)

q = air flow in (ft3/min)

Δt = temperature difference (oF)

Example - Sensible Heat Flow

10000 m3/h of air is transported through a building with the ventilation system. The temperature of the make up air is 0 oC. The temperature of the room air is 20 oC.

The sensible heat flow can be calculated as

Ql = (1.005 kJ/kg) (1.202 kg/m3) (10000 m3/h) ((20 oC) - (0 oC)) / 3600 

    = 67 kW

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