Measurement and instrumentation strategies.
Flow metering principles - Orifice, Venturi, Flow Nozzles, Pitot Tubes, Target, Variable Area, Positive Displacement, Turbine, Vortex, Electromagnetic, Ultrasonic Doppler, Ultrasonic Time-of-travel, Mass Coriolis, Mass Thermal, Weir V-notch, Flume Parshall and Sluice Gate flow meters and more.
Measurment of temperature - probes, sensors and transmitters.
Devices - sensors - communicating physical properties to observers.
Characteristics that change very slowly with time
Measurements are required to monitor, analyze and control processes.
Schematic illustration of a functional relationship between piping, instrumentation and system components.
Draw P&ID diagrams online in the browser with Google Docs.
ISA process instrumentation codes - and combinations.
American National Standards Institutes schedule for safety colors marking physical hazards.
The logarithmic decibel scale is convenient when adding signal values like sound power, pressure and others from two or more sources.